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Psychologist: There are theories that posit completely different causa

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Psychologist: There are theories that posit completely different causa  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 01 Aug 2018, 01:16
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A
B
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E

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  45% (medium)

Question Stats:

63% (01:48) correct 37% (02:27) wrong based on 98 sessions

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Psychologist: There are theories that posit completely different causal mechanisms from those posited by the Smith psychological theory and that are more successful at predicting human behavior. Therefore, the Smith theory of behavior, no matter how elegant or complex it is, ought to be abandoned in favor of these other theories.

Which one of the following is an assumption on which the psychologist’s argument depends?


    A. The Smith theory has led to intriguing predictions, which have been shown to be false, about the causes of human behavior.

    B. A psychological theory with greater predictive success than another is scientifically preferable.

    C. The Smith theory has had remarkable success in predicting how people will behave in certain situations.

    D. Measuring the predictive success of a psychological theory always involves considering other theories that attempt to explain the same phenomena.

    E. Scientific theories become impractical if they posit causal mechanisms beyond a certain level of complexity.

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Originally posted by AshutoshB on 01 Aug 2018, 00:56.
Last edited by Bunuel on 01 Aug 2018, 01:16, edited 1 time in total.
Added A, B, C, D, and E.
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Psychologist: There are theories that posit completely different causa  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 02 Aug 2018, 02:00
Official Explanation



The best answer is B. This is an assumption question. Answer choice B is the only selection that provides the missing link between the stated evidence that other theories predict behavior better than the Smith theory, and the stated conclusion that therefore, the Smith theory should be abandoned in favor of those theories. Answer choice A is incorrect because there is no evidence that the Smith theory led to predictions that proved to be false. The conclusion is supported even if the Smith theory did lead to some predictions that proved to be true, so long as the other theories’ predictions are more predictive. Answer choices C, D, and E are all irrelevant to the conclusion of the stimulus argument.

Hit Kudos :thumbup:

Originally posted by AshutoshB on 01 Aug 2018, 00:57.
Last edited by AshutoshB on 02 Aug 2018, 02:00, edited 2 times in total.
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Re: Psychologist: There are theories that posit completely different causa  [#permalink]

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New post 01 Aug 2018, 23:54
A is out of scope.
B provides he link between preference and success.
C is out of scope(certain situations).
D is extreme language(always)
E is extreme language(impractical)
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Re: Psychologist: There are theories that posit completely different causa &nbs [#permalink] 01 Aug 2018, 23:54
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