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# Query on parallelism(Advanced parallelism from Manhattan SC)

Author Message
Intern
Joined: 19 Nov 2013
Posts: 24
Location: India
Concentration: Strategy, Technology
WE: Information Technology (Computer Software)

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11 Aug 2014, 08:06
Wrong: A mastodon carcass, thawed only once AND which is still fresh, is on
display.
Right: A mastodon carcass, which has been thawed only once AND which is still
fresh, is on display.

Is this correct too?

A mastodon carcass, which is thawed only once AND which is still
fresh, is on display

This is from manhattan SC guide. Adavnced parallelism.

Magoosh GMAT Instructor
Joined: 28 Dec 2011
Posts: 4487

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11 Aug 2014, 16:36
manish2014 wrote:
Wrong: A mastodon carcass, thawed only once AND which is still fresh, is on display.
Right: A mastodon carcass, which has been thawed only once AND which is still fresh, is on display.

Is this correct too?
A mastodon carcass, which is thawed only once AND which is still fresh, is on display

This is from manhattan SC guide. Adavnced parallelism.

Dear manish2014,
I'm happy to respond.

First of all, your final sentence not correct only because the verb tense of the first verb is wrong. The present tense doesn't work because the thawing is not happening in the present moment and is not on-going. The thawing was a one-time past event, so we absolutely need the past tense for it. Two verbs in parallel do not need to be in the same tense. See:
http://magoosh.com/gmat/2012/gmat-gramm ... rb-tenses/

Well, essentially correct. The same word is almost always repeated for clarity, even though, strictly speaking the parallelism doesn't demand it. It's more a GMAT rule than a rule of grammar per se.

Parallelism is a highly sophisticated grammatical and logical structure. See these articles:
http://magoosh.com/gmat/2013/gmat-paral ... ce-inside/
http://magoosh.com/gmat/2013/dropping-c ... -the-gmat/

Does all this make sense?
Mike
_________________
Mike McGarry
Magoosh Test Prep

Education is not the filling of a pail, but the lighting of a fire. — William Butler Yeats (1865 – 1939)
VP
Joined: 27 Mar 2010
Posts: 1378
Location: India
Schools: ISB
GPA: 3.31

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11 Aug 2014, 20:52
1
manish2014 wrote:
Is this correct too?

A mastodon carcass, which is thawed only once AND which is still
fresh, is on display

As Mike said, this has nothing to do with parallelism, but with tenses.

By the way, what would also be correct is:

A mastodon carcass, which has been thawed only once AND is still fresh, is on display.

So, the second which may or may not be repeated.
_________________
Thanks,
Ashish
EducationAisle, Bangalore

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Magoosh GMAT Instructor
Joined: 28 Dec 2011
Posts: 4487

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12 Aug 2014, 09:45
1
EducationAisle wrote:
By the way, what would also be correct is:

A mastodon carcass, which has been thawed only once AND is still fresh, is on display.

So, the second which may or may not be repeated.

Yes! The primary issue here is clarity. In EducationAisle's sentence, the two parallel "which" clauses are very short, and grouped together by the commas that set them off from the rest of the sentence. Even without the second "which," the parallelism is crystal clear here. If the clauses were significant longer, then the clarity of the parallelism would be lost without the second "which."

GMAT SC is not just about grammar. It's about (1) grammar, (2) rhetorical construction, and (3) logic & meaning. Parallelism is one of the GMAT's favorite topics, because it's not just about grammar --- it's a structure in which grammar and rhetoric and logic all converge and intertwine. You can't understand parallelism mathematically ---- it's more than the rules can summarize.

Does all this make sense?
Mike
_________________
Mike McGarry
Magoosh Test Prep

Education is not the filling of a pail, but the lighting of a fire. — William Butler Yeats (1865 – 1939)
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Joined: 01 Oct 2013
Posts: 4757

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21 Jul 2018, 00:22
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

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Re: Query on parallelism(Advanced parallelism from Manhattan SC)   [#permalink] 21 Jul 2018, 00:22
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