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Research into artificial intelligence will fail to produce truly

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Research into artificial intelligence will fail to produce truly  [#permalink]

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New post 05 Feb 2018, 11:22
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A
B
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D
E

Difficulty:

  95% (hard)

Question Stats:

49% (02:26) correct 51% (02:28) wrong based on 151 sessions

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Research into artificial intelligence will fail to produce truly intelligent machines unless the focus of the discipline is radically changed. Progress has been made in creating devices of tremendous computational sophistication, but the present focus on computational ability to the exclusion of other abilities will produce devices only as capable of displaying true intelligence as a human being would be who was completely devoid of emotional and other noncognjtive responses.

Which one of the following most accurately expresses the main conclusion argued for above?

(A) The current focus of research into artificial intelligence will produce devices no more capable of displaying true intelligence than a person would be who lacked emotions and other noncognitive responses.
(B) If the current focus of research into artificial intelligence is not radically changed, this research will not be able to produce machines capable of true intelligence.
(C) Despite progress in creating machines of great computational sophistication, current research into artificial intelligence has failed to fulfill its objectives.
(D) The capacity to express noncognitive responses such as emotion is at least as important for true intelligence as is computational sophistication.
(E) If a machine is not capable of producing human like noncognitive responses, then it cannot be regarded as truly intelligent.

Source: LSAT

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Research into artificial intelligence will fail to produce truly  [#permalink]

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New post 05 Feb 2018, 23:51
1
"The princess will die, unless the hero saves her" would become either:
1) if the hero does not save her, then the princess will die, or
2) if the princess doesn't die, then the hero must have saved her

Both of these are correct translations! And notice, both are contrapositives of each other. They are logically equivalent statements.

Let's break this question down from the top and apply this! For main conclusion questions, it's best to begin with an understanding of the core in order to accurately identify which piece is the final conclusion. Here, we can distill the argument into these pieces:

COUNTERPOINT: We've made progress in computational sophistication
PREMISE: The present focus on computation will produce devices as intelligent as a human devoid of noncognitive responses.
CONCLUSION: Unless the focus is changed, AI research will fail to produce truly intelligent machines.

Depending on your preferred method of translating "unless", (B) is either the conclusion as stated or the contrapositive of it!



Not the Conclusion
(A) This is a perfect restatement of the premise. If you were trapped by this, apply the "therefore test" to the premise and conclusion.
(C) Nothing in the stimulus discusses the objectives of AI research.
(D) This connects the noncognitive abilities referred to in the premise to the determination of true intelligence, which appears in the conclusion. This is an assumption of the argument.
(E) This attempts to connect the same ideas as (D) does, but distorts the relationship.

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Research into artificial intelligence will fail to produce truly &nbs [#permalink] 05 Feb 2018, 23:51
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