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# SENTENCE CORRECTION - PARALLELISM

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Intern
Joined: 04 Oct 2017
Posts: 40
SENTENCE CORRECTION - PARALLELISM  [#permalink]

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06 Dec 2017, 04:16
1. They contended that the committee was biased but that it should not be disbanded. CORRECT.

2. They contended that the committee was biased but it should not be disbanded. IS THIS SENTENCE CORRECT?
Intern
Joined: 04 Oct 2017
Posts: 40
SENTENCE CORRECTION - PARALLELISM  [#permalink]

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06 Dec 2017, 04:21
I want to retire to a place where I can relax and where I pay low taxes. CORRECT

I want to retire to a place where I can relax and I pay low taxes. IS THIS SENTENCE CORRECT OR INCORRECT? Please explain the reason in detail.

I want to retire to a place where I can relax and pay low taxes. IS THIS SENTENCE CORRECT OR INCORRECT? Please explain the reason in detail.
Intern
Joined: 04 Oct 2017
Posts: 40
SENTENCE CORRECTION - PARALLELISM  [#permalink]

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06 Dec 2017, 04:26
1. the division is opening new offices, hiring staff, and investing in equipment. CORRECT.

X = opening new offices

Y = hiring staff

Z = investing in equipment

the verb "is" counts across all three elements. Please look at the following sentence.

2. Ralph likes both those who are popular and who are not as well-liked. WRONG.

Since it is an open marker, let's analyze from right to left.

X = who are not as well-liked.

Y = who are popular

In this sentence, why can't "both" count across the 2 elements?

Best,

Parth
Intern
Joined: 04 Oct 2017
Posts: 40
SENTENCE CORRECTION - PARALLELISM  [#permalink]

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06 Dec 2017, 04:52
1. they contended that the committee was biased but that it should not be disbanded. CORRECT.

Y = that it should be disbanded

X = that the committee was biased

PARALLEL.

2. New data indicate that the stock market jumped and the unemployment rate decreased. CORRECT.

Y = the unemployment rate decreased

X = the stock market jumped

PARALLEL.

3. I think that children learn responsibility by taking care of pets and that cats make the best pets. CORRECT.

Y = that cats make the best pets.

X = that children learn responsibility

PARALLEL.

4. I think that children learn responsibility by taking care of pets and cats make the best pets. IS THIS SENTENCE CORRECT? Please explain in detail.

Y = cats make the best pets

X = children learn responsibility ...

Here, will the word "that" count across both elements?
Intern
Joined: 04 Oct 2017
Posts: 40
SENTENCE CORRECTION - PARALLELISM  [#permalink]

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06 Dec 2017, 04:55
1. She argues that the agency acts with reckless abandon and with disregard for human life and property. CORRECT?

2. She argues that the agency acts with reckless abandon and that the agency acts with disregard for human life and property. CORRECT?

3. She argues that the agency acts with reckless abandon and disregard for human life and property. CORRECT?

Here, will the "with" count across the 2 elements?
Manhattan Prep Instructor
Joined: 04 Dec 2015
Posts: 689
GMAT 1: 790 Q51 V49
GRE 1: Q170 V170
Re: SENTENCE CORRECTION - PARALLELISM  [#permalink]

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13 Dec 2017, 13:49
parthjain68 wrote:
2. They contended that the committee was biased but it should not be disbanded. IS THIS SENTENCE CORRECT?

Possibly. The two parallel elements are shown in green. Since they match (they're both independent clauses), the parallelism is good. However, see the sentence two below this one for some notes on why it might be considered ambiguous. I'd say pick this one if you don't have another, better option.

parthjain68 wrote:
I want to retire to a place where I can relax and where I pay low taxes. CORRECT

Probably not correct, but not because of parallelism. The verb tense seems strange to me - 'I pay low taxes' is in the present tense, which implies that you're currently paying low taxes (or that you usually pay low taxes). 'I want to retire' is in the present tense, but it's talking about the future. I think 'where I would/will pay low taxes' would be more logical. I've put that into your other sentences.

Quote:
I want to retire to a place where I can relax and I would pay low taxes. IS THIS SENTENCE CORRECT OR INCORRECT? Please explain the reason in detail.

Not correct, but not because the parallelism is wrong. The problem is that the parallelism is ambiguous. 'I would pay low taxes' could be parallel to either 'I want to retire' or 'I can relax'.

Quote:
I want to retire to a place where I can relax and pay low taxes. IS THIS SENTENCE CORRECT OR INCORRECT? Please explain the reason in detail.

Correct. The parallel elements are shown in green.

parthjain68 wrote:
2. Ralph likes both those who are popular and who are not as well-liked. WRONG.

Since it is an open marker, let's analyze from right to left.

X = who are not as well-liked.

Y = who are popular

In this sentence, why can't "both" count across the 2 elements?

This is incorrect because it isn't an open marker. 'Both X and Y' is a closed marker. To analyze a closed marker, look at what's between the two markers. In this case, it's the phrase 'those who are popular'. Every other element on the list has to match that exactly. However, 'who are not as well-liked' doesn't match 'those who are popular', since the word 'those' is missing.

parthjain68 wrote:
4. I think that children learn responsibility by taking care of pets and cats make the best pets. IS THIS SENTENCE CORRECT? Please explain in detail.

'that' counts across both elements, so again, it isn't technically wrong, but it could be considered ambiguous (see above).
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Chelsey Cooley | Manhattan Prep | Seattle and Online

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Re: SENTENCE CORRECTION - PARALLELISM   [#permalink] 13 Dec 2017, 13:49
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# SENTENCE CORRECTION - PARALLELISM

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