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Significantly higher-than-average rates of skin cancer and other sun

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Significantly higher-than-average rates of skin cancer and other sun  [#permalink]

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New post 08 Dec 2018, 21:15
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A
B
C
D
E

Difficulty:

  35% (medium)

Question Stats:

67% (01:29) correct 33% (01:46) wrong based on 296 sessions

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Significantly higher-than-average rates of skin cancer and other sun-radiation-related diseases are diagnosed among consumers of sunscreen products with a high SPF rating. This proves that these products' effectiveness in providing protection from hazardous UV sun radiation has been overestimated.

The argument is flawed primarily since its author

A determines that the two phenomena are cause and effect, a relationship that does not necessarily exist.
B. ignores information regarding consumers who use low SPF-rated products.
C. tries to challenge popular belief using data from updated statistics.
D. does not take into consideration the number of sunscreen products purchased by these individuals.
E. focuses his claim on criticizing the cosmetics and pharmaceutical industry.

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Re: Significantly higher-than-average rates of skin cancer and other sun  [#permalink]

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New post 15 Dec 2018, 01:49
Bunuel wrote:
aragonn wrote:
Significantly higher-than-average rates of skin cancer and other sun-radiation-related diseases are diagnosed among consumers of sunscreen products with a high SPF rating. This proves that these products' effectiveness in providing protection from hazardous UV sun radiation has been overestimated.

The argument is flawed primarily since its author

A determines that the two phenomena are cause and effect, a relationship that does not necessarily exist.
B. ignores information regarding consumers who use low SPF-rated products.
C. tries to challenge popular belief using data from updated statistics.
D. does not take into consideration the number of sunscreen products purchased by these individuals.
E. focuses his claim on criticizing the cosmetics and pharmaceutical industry.



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Hi Bunuel,
What is the cause and what is the effect that Option A is pointing towards.??
I don't see any cause effect relation present or thought to be be present.

B : We must know the role of SPF in protection from sun's rays.
If low SPF products are also not providing protection against sun's rays, that would mean that SPF is not at all significant.

Correct me if I am wrong..
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Re: Significantly higher-than-average rates of skin cancer and other sun  [#permalink]

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New post 20 Dec 2018, 13:10
1
aragonn wrote:
Significantly higher-than-average rates of skin cancer and other sun-radiation-related diseases are diagnosed among consumers of sunscreen products with a high SPF rating. This proves that these products' effectiveness in providing protection from hazardous UV sun radiation has been overestimated.

The argument is flawed primarily since its author

A determines that the two phenomena are cause and effect, a relationship that does not necessarily exist.
B. ignores information regarding consumers who use low SPF-rated products.
C. tries to challenge popular belief using data from updated statistics.
D. does not take into consideration the number of sunscreen products purchased by these individuals.
E. focuses his claim on criticizing the cosmetics and pharmaceutical industry.


My reasoning:

This author is saying a higher than average rate of skin cancer occurs in users of high spf sunscreen products means that the high spf sunscreen products do not work. Sure this is possible, but the author fails to consider other possibilities. For example, for all we know, users of high spf suncreen products could just be outdoors more often and exposed to UV radiation to a greater degree. As such the flaw in the author's argument is that he/she jumps to a cause->effect relationship, when there are too many other possible causes to consider.

Answer: A
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Re: Significantly higher-than-average rates of skin cancer and other sun  [#permalink]

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New post 31 Jan 2019, 04:24
aragonn wrote:
Significantly higher-than-average rates of skin cancer and other sun-radiation-related diseases are diagnosed among consumers of sunscreen products with a high SPF rating. This proves that these products' effectiveness in providing protection from hazardous UV sun radiation has been overestimated.


The argument is flawed primarily since its author

A determines that the two phenomena are cause and effect, a relationship that does not necessarily exist. CORRECT

B. ignores information regarding consumers who use low SPF-rated products. Low SPF is not in scope.

C. tries to challenge popular belief using data from updated statistics. No belief is being challanged

D. does not take into consideration the number of sunscreen products purchased by these individuals. Irrelevant to the question.

E. focuses his claim on criticizing the cosmetics and pharmaceutical industry. Irrelevant


Only A makes sense to tme.
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Re: Significantly higher-than-average rates of skin cancer and other sun   [#permalink] 31 Jan 2019, 04:24
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