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# Some critics claim that the power of the media to impose opinions upon

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Joined: 02 Sep 2009
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Some critics claim that the power of the media to impose opinions upon  [#permalink]

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09 Jul 2018, 01:37
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Difficulty:

85% (hard)

Question Stats:

51% (02:23) correct 49% (02:24) wrong based on 161 sessions

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Some critics claim that the power of the media to impose opinions upon people concerning the important issues of the day is too great. But this is not true. It would be true if on major issues the media purveyed a range of opinion narrower than that found among consumers of media. The fact that this assumption is untrue shows the critics’ claim to be false.

Which one of the following most accurately describes a reasoning flaw in the argument?

(A) The argument launches a personal attack against the critics rather than addressing the reasons they present in support of their claim.

(B) The argument takes for granted that the media give at least as much exposure as they should to a wide range of opinion on the important issues of the day.

(C) The argument takes for granted that if the truth of one claim implies the truth of a second claim, then the falsity of the first claim proves the falsity of the second claim.

(D) The argument, instead of providing adequate reasons in support of its conclusion, makes an appeal to popular opinion.

(E) The argument takes for granted that it is desirable for a wide range of opinion on the important issues of the day to receive media exposure.

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Re: Some critics claim that the power of the media to impose opinions upon  [#permalink]

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09 Jul 2018, 04:05
2
+1 for C.

Stimulus :
P1 : If the media conveys range of narrower opinion than most of the consumer, than the media's power is too great.
P2 : Media does not convey narrower range of opinions
C : Media does not have too great of power to impose the public's opinion

(C) The argument takes for granted that if the truth of one claim implies the truth of a second claim, then the falsity of the first claim proves the falsity of the second claim. --> Correct, option rightly states our prethinking

Hence, C.
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Some critics claim that the power of the media to impose opinions upon  [#permalink]

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21 Oct 2018, 09:52
Quote:
Some critics claim that the power of the media to impose opinions upon people concerning the important issues of the day is too great. But this is not true. It would be true if on major issues the media purveyed a range of opinion narrower than that found among consumers of media. The fact that this assumption is untrue shows the critics’ claim to be false.
Argument Analysis:
Premises: CRITICS CLAIM: Some critics claim that the power of the media to impose opinions upon people concerning the important issues of the day is too great.
Conclusion: But this is not true. (The power of media to impose opinions upon people concerning the important issues of the day is NOT great.)
Support to the conclusion: It would be true if on major issues the media purveyed (Spread or Promote) a range of opinion narrower than that found among consumers of media.
The fact that this assumption is untrue shows the critics’ claim to be false.

Which one of the following most accurately describes a reasoning flaw in the argument?

Quote:
(A) The argument launches a personal attack against the critics rather than addressing the reasons they present in support of their claim.
The argument makes no personal attack against the critics. Argument just mentions the critics claim to be false and doesn't say anything about the critics. Hence this isn't the option that describes the reasoning flaw in the argument.
Quote:
(B) The argument takes for granted that the media give at least as much exposure as they should to a wide range of opinion on the important issues of the day.
A wide range of opinion would entail a range of opinion from the opinion narrower than that found among the consumers of media to the opinion broader than that found among the consumers of media.
The argument rather suggests that "It would be true if on major issues the media purveyed a range of opinion narrower than that found among consumers of media."
Argument possibly assume that opinion narrower in range aren't purveyed by the media. B goes out.
Quote:
(C) The argument takes for granted that if the truth of one claim implies the truth of a second claim, then the falsity of the first claim proves the falsity of the second claim.
This option seemingly hits the bulls eye. Let's see.
The argument refutes the critics claim because it mentions a condition/ assumption to be untrue. The falsity of one particular condition mentioned by the argument makes the entire critics claim false. "It would be true if on major issues the media purveyed a range of opinion narrower than that found among consumers of media. The fact that this assumption is untrue shows the critics’ claim to be false."
And if this condition were true, the critics claim would stand as per the argument. Hence this seems to satisfy the flaw in the reasoning of the argument that the argument base the truth of the critics claim on only one condition. Keep C.
Quote:
(D) The argument, instead of providing adequate reasons in support of its conclusion, makes an appeal to popular opinion.
Argument no where states that the arguments claim is a popular claim. The argument just states that this condition needs to be fulfilled for the critics claim to be true. Hence it is safe to assume that opinion is of the argument itself. D goes out.
Quote:
(E) The argument takes for granted that it is desirable for a wide range of opinion on the important issues of the day to receive media exposure.
Well, doesn't seem so. The argument just puts forth a condition which needs to be true for the critics claim to be true. It no where mentions that the wide range of opinion desire the media exposure. Hence E goes out.
C is the best option.
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Some critics claim that the power of the media to impose opinions upon   [#permalink] 21 Oct 2018, 09:52
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