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Some large European cities, such as Paris and Barcelona, have implemen

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Some large European cities, such as Paris and Barcelona, have implemen  [#permalink]

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New post 01 Jun 2011, 01:25
1
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A
B
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E

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  65% (hard)

Question Stats:

54% (01:40) correct 46% (01:49) wrong based on 237 sessions

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Some large European cities, such as Paris and Barcelona, have implemented bicycle sharing programs that allow people, for a small fee, to obtain a bike at any of hundreds of locations and drop it off near their destination. Currently, most large U.S. cities face congestion with cars and taxis, have few bicycle lanes, and discourage the locking of bicycles to poles and fences. Therefore, until the culture of cities becomes less hostile to bicyclists, a wide scale program will not be a viable form of alternative transportation.

Which of the following would it be most useful to determine in evaluating the argument?


(A) Whether an sharp increase in the number of bicyclists in U.S. cities would change attitudes toward bicyclists

(B) Whether U.S. who drive cars know how to operate bicycles

(C) Whether major U.S. cities have plans to expand the availability of bicycle lanes in downtown areas

(D) Whether the number of people interested in traveling by bicycle is greater in U.S. than in Europe

(E) Whether small U.S. cities are more friendly to bicyclists than large U.S. cities


Spoiler: :: Official Explanation
Explanation

Answer: A
This is an "evaluate the argument" question. In a sense, we're looking for an assumption, just in a different format that in assumption questions. This argument claims that, because U.S. cities are not bicycle-friendly, U.S. cities cannot implement European-style bicycle sharing programs. Each choice has two possible outcomes ("whether" it is the case, or it is not the case), so we're looking for a choice in which one of the outcomes would have an impact on the argument. Consider each in turn:

(A) This is correct. If an increase in the number of bicyclists could change attitudes toward bicyclists, a bicycle-sharing program may well solve the problem suggested in the argument.
(B) This is not important; it doesn't matter if people (car-drivers or not) can operate bicycles if cities are too hostile to bicyclists.
(C) This is outside the scope. The problem described in the passage is not the lack of bicycle lanes, it is the culture of U.S. cities.
(D) As with (B), this is not relevant, since it doesn't address the issue of hostility to bicyclists.
(E) This comparison is outside of the scope, as we're concerned only with the viability of bicycle-sharing programs in large U.S. cities.



Can somebody pls help me out with this explanation?
i somehow feel the explanation is not enough and is over the top.

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John
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Some large European cities, such as Paris and Barcelona, have implemen  [#permalink]

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New post 03 Feb 2017, 05:10
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Some large European cities, such as Paris and Barcelona, have implemented bicycle sharing programs that allow people, for a small fee, to obtain a bike at any of hundreds of locations and drop it off near their destination. Currently, most large U.S. cities face congestion with cars and taxis, have few bicycle lanes, and discourage the locking of bicycles to poles and fences. Therefore, until the culture of cities becomes less hostile to bicyclists, a wide scale program will not be a viable form of alternative transportation.

Which of the following would it be most useful to determine in evaluating the argument?

(A) Whether an sharp increase in the number of bicyclists in U.S. cities would change attitudes toward bicyclists
(B) Whether U.S. who drive cars know how to operate bicycles
(C) Whether major U.S. cities have plans to expand the availability of bicycle lanes in downtown areas
(D) Whether the number of people interested in traveling by bicycle is greater in U.S. than in Europe
(E) Whether small U.S. cities are more friendly to bicyclists than large U.S. cities
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Re: Some large European cities, such as Paris and Barcelona, have implemen  [#permalink]

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New post 01 Jun 2011, 06:16
Therefore, until the culture of cities becomes less hostile to bicyclists, a wide scale program will not be a viable form of alternative transportation
the statement above is the key A less hostile attitude is needed for the success of the program and choice A relates to this
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Re: Some large European cities, such as Paris and Barcelona, have implemen  [#permalink]

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New post 01 Jun 2011, 10:46
Evaluate the argument question can be solved by supplying two opposite responses to the options available in the answers.If different responses produce different effects,the answer choice is correct.
(a)Whether an sharp increase in the number of bicyclists in U.S. cities would change attitudes toward bicyclists --if response is yes---it weakens the argument.
if response is no--it is giving strength to argument
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Re: Some large European cities, such as Paris and Barcelona, have implemen  [#permalink]

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New post 06 Jun 2011, 04:41
only A and C prevail.
Argument is about the attitude of people towards those riding bicycles.

C talks about downtown areas,not discussed in the argument.Also it does not touch about the attitude of people.

A providing yes and no in the variance test of this option gives indication for the attitude.

Hence A it is.
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Re: Some large European cities, such as Paris and Barcelona, have implemen  [#permalink]

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New post 04 Feb 2017, 06:59
B,D & E are easy kill.

C is almost right but mentions downtown area towards the end of the statement.

A is the answer
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Re: Some large European cities, such as Paris and Barcelona, have implemen  [#permalink]

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New post 05 Feb 2017, 05:15
official exp by gmathacks.com
(A) This is correct. If an increase in the number of bicyclists could change attitudes toward bicyclists, a bicycle-sharing program may well solve the problem suggested in the argument.
(B) This is not important; it doesn't matter if people (car-drivers or not) can operate bicycles if cities are too hostile to bicyclists.
(C) This is outside the scope. The problem described in the passage is not the lack of bicycle lanes, it is the culture of U.S. cities.
(D) As with (B), this is not relevant, since it doesn't address the issue of hostility to bicyclists.
(E) This comparison is outside of the scope, as we're concerned only with the viability of bicycle-sharing programs in large U.S. cities.
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Re: Some large European cities, such as Paris and Barcelona, have implemen  [#permalink]

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New post 11 Dec 2017, 19:39
gmat hacks is a reliable source.
B,C,D are safely out. C talks about down town area.
E is rather about the comparison, and the negation of E does not help anything -> E is out of scope.
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Re: Some large European cities, such as Paris and Barcelona, have implemen  [#permalink]

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New post 15 Dec 2017, 14:58
Some large European cities, such as Paris and Barcelona, have implemented bicycle sharing programs that allow people, for a small fee, to obtain a bike at any of hundreds of locations and drop it off near their destination. Currently, most large U.S. cities face congestion with cars and taxis, have few bicycle lanes, and discourage the locking of bicycles to poles and fences. Therefore, until the culture of cities becomes less hostile to bicyclists, a wide scale program will not be a viable form of alternative transportation.

Which of the following would it be most useful to determine in evaluating the argument?

(A) Whether an sharp increase in the number of bicyclists in U.S. cities would change attitudes toward bicyclists -Correct. This is in line with the reason given to arrive at the conclusion
(B) Whether U.S. who drive cars know how to operate bicycles -People can always learn how to ride a bicycle
(C) Whether major U.S. cities have plans to expand the availability of bicycle lanes in downtown areas -Out of scope
(D) Whether the number of people interested in traveling by bicycle is greater in U.S. than in Europe -Out of scope
(E) Whether small U.S. cities are more friendly to bicyclists than large U.S. cities -Out of scope
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Re: Some large European cities, such as Paris and Barcelona, have implemen  [#permalink]

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New post 21 May 2018, 14:11
"a wide scale program" indicates that "major city" is the key word => E is incorrect.
Re: Some large European cities, such as Paris and Barcelona, have implemen &nbs [#permalink] 21 May 2018, 14:11
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