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Something must be done to stop spam. In early days, people seldom rece

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Something must be done to stop spam. In early days, people seldom rece  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 19 Nov 2018, 03:13
1
6
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

Difficulty:

  95% (hard)

Question Stats:

21% (01:05) correct 79% (01:32) wrong based on 145 sessions

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Something must be done to stop spam. In early days, people seldom received unsolicited email advertisement; but now that numerous bulk email software and email address finders are developed to collect email address all around the world. Advertisers use email addresses to market their products and even sell such email lists to other advertisers. As a result, almost everyone ever get junk email, and sometime several and even tens of annoying emails a day. So, relevant antispam regulations should be framed to stop unsolicited advertising.

The two portions in boldface play which of the following roles?


A. Background that the argument depends on and conclusion that can be drawn from the argument

B. Part of evidence that the argument includes, and inference that can be drawn from this passage

C. Pre-evidence that the argument depends on and part of evidence that supports the conclusion

D. Background that argument depends on and part of evidence that supports the conclusion

E. Pre-evidence that argument includes and a method that helps to supports that conclusion

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Originally posted by rampuria on 05 Mar 2009, 07:45.
Last edited by Bunuel on 19 Nov 2018, 03:13, edited 2 times in total.
Renamed the topic, edited the question and added the OA.
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Re: Something must be done to stop spam. In early days, people seldom rece  [#permalink]

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New post 05 Mar 2009, 11:25
Something must be done to stop spam. In early days, people seldom received unsolicited email advertisement; but now that numerous bulk email software and email address finders are developed to collect email address all around the world. Advertisers use email addresses to market their products and even sell such email lists to other advertisers. As a result, almost everyone ever get junk email, and sometime several and even tens of annoying emails a day. So, relevant anti-spam regulations should be framed to stop unsolicited advertising.

The two portions in boldface play which of the following roles?


My Explanation:

Premise 1: In early days, people seldom received unsolicited email advertisement.

Premise 2: but now that numerous bulk email software and email address finders are developed to collect email address all around the world.

Premise 3: Advertisers use email addresses to market their products and even sell such email lists to other advertisers.

Premise 4: As a result, almost everyone ever get junk email, and sometime several and even tens of annoying emails a day.

Conclusion: Something must be done to stop spam.

Conclusion/Inference: So, relevant anti-spam regulations should be framed to stop unsolicited advertising.
---> Conclusion because it uses the keyword 'So'
---> Inference because the first sentence of the passage looks more as a conclusion than this one i.e., the second boldfaced statement.

On the basis of above info, we can eliminate at least option C, D & E. Now we have only options A & B left.

If we assume that option A is correct, then the second boldface statement should be the conclusion but IMO, the first statement of the passage should be the conclusion. Also, if you go through option A, it states that the first boldface is a 'Background that the argument depends on'. Do you really think that the argument (conclusion) depends on the first boldface? Had that not been present, we could have still arrived at the conclusion with the help of remaining premises. If anything, the first boldface should only act as a supporting premise.

------------------------
A. Background that the argument depends on and conclusion that can be drawn from the argument. ---> Explained above.

B. Part of evidence that the argument includes, and inference that can be drawn from this passage. ---> Explained above.

C. Pre-evidence that the argument depends on and part of evidence that supports the conclusion. ---> Second boldface is a conclusion/inference. So, discard it.

D. Background that argument depends on and part of evidence that supports the conclusion. ---> Second boldface is a conclusion/inference. So, discard it.

E. Pre-evidence that argument includes and a method that helps to supports that conclusion. ---> Second boldface is a conclusion/inference. So, discard it.
------------------------

So, by process of elimination, I go for option B.

IMO, the options are not worded correctly. Is it from a GMAT source?


Regards,
Technext
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Re: Something must be done to stop spam. In early days, people seldom rece  [#permalink]

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New post 05 Mar 2009, 11:52
Technext wrote:
Something must be done to stop spam. In early days, people seldom received unsolicited email advertisement; but now that numerous bulk email software and email address finders are developed to collect email address all around the world. Advertisers use email addresses to market their products and even sell such email lists to other advertisers. As a result, almost everyone ever get junk email, and sometime several and even tens of annoying emails a day. So, relevant anti-spam regulations should be framed to stop unsolicited advertising.

The two portions in boldface play which of the following roles?


My Explanation:

Premise 1: In early days, people seldom received unsolicited email advertisement.

Premise 2: but now that numerous bulk email software and email address finders are developed to collect email address all around the world.

Premise 3: Advertisers use email addresses to market their products and even sell such email lists to other advertisers.

Premise 4: As a result, almost everyone ever get junk email, and sometime several and even tens of annoying emails a day.

Conclusion: Something must be done to stop spam.

Conclusion/Inference: So, relevant anti-spam regulations should be framed to stop unsolicited advertising.
---> Conclusion because it uses the keyword 'So'
---> Inference because the first sentence of the passage looks more as a conclusion than this one i.e., the second boldfaced statement.

On the basis of above info, we can eliminate at least option C, D & E. Now we have only options A & B left.

If we assume that option A is correct, then the second boldface statement should be the conclusion but IMO, the first statement of the passage should be the conclusion. Also, if you go through option A, it states that the first boldface is a 'Background that the argument depends on'. Do you really think that the argument (conclusion) depends on the first boldface? Had that not been present, we could have still arrived at the conclusion with the help of remaining premises. If anything, the first boldface should only act as a supporting premise.

------------------------
A. Background that the argument depends on and conclusion that can be drawn from the argument. ---> Explained above.

B. Part of evidence that the argument includes, and inference that can be drawn from this passage. ---> Explained above.

C. Pre-evidence that the argument depends on and part of evidence that supports the conclusion. ---> Second boldface is a conclusion/inference. So, discard it.

D. Background that argument depends on and part of evidence that supports the conclusion. ---> Second boldface is a conclusion/inference. So, discard it.

E. Pre-evidence that argument includes and a method that helps to supports that conclusion. ---> Second boldface is a conclusion/inference. So, discard it.
------------------------

So, by process of elimination, I go for option B.

IMO, the options are not worded correctly. Is it from a GMAT source?


Regards,
Technext



Technext, you might be right, but what I gather from this passage is that the author is comparing the present situation with the almost spam free world that used to exist in the past. This comparison is vital for the argument, as without knowing how things were before, how would you decide that it's time to pull the plug on spammers.. So, I choose A.
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Re: Something must be done to stop spam. In early days, people seldom rece  [#permalink]

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New post 06 Mar 2009, 01:25
sanjay_gmat wrote:
Technext, you might be right, but what I gather from this passage is that the author is comparing the present situation with the almost spam free world that used to exist in the past. This comparison is vital for the argument, as without knowing how things were before, how would you decide that it's time to pull the plug on spammers.. So, I choose A.

Hi sanjay_gmat,


IMO, argument here is the first statement of the passage. If I’m correct then the comparison should not be vital to reach the conclusion (argument). I feel that we can reach the conclusion without its (first boldface) help too.

Let others share their thought on this.


Regards,
Technext
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Re: Something must be done to stop spam. In early days, people seldom rece  [#permalink]

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New post 07 Mar 2009, 00:04
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I'm curious about the source of the question; while I could find the question in a few threads with a web search, none mentioned where the question was from.

The argument does not depend on the first bold-faced sentence, which rules out A. Still, the second bold-faced sentence is a conclusion, not an inference. An inference is a specific type of conclusion - it's a conclusion that can be deduced from facts, requiring no additional assumptions. An inference is not a viewpoint or a policy proposal. As we all know from GMAT CR questions, conclusions can be weakened or strengthened, and they can be flawed or they can be valid. An inference is always true, as long as the facts are true.

From the evidence presented, you might conclude that regulating junk email would be a good idea. Still, that's a point of view; it's not something you can logically deduce from the facts. It's only a logically valid inference if you make many assumptions not presented in the stem (junk email must be cut down, government regulation will be effective, there is no other alternative way the goal of reducing junk email could be achieved). It's a conclusion, not an inference.
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Re: Something must be done to stop spam. In early days, people seldom rece  [#permalink]

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New post 26 Oct 2009, 20:03
I dont think it's a garbage
One more evidence to choose B rather than A is that "relevant anti-spam regulations should be framed to stop unsolicited advertising" is only a suggestion, so can be considered inference, not a conclusion.
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Re: Something must be done to stop spam. In early days, people seldom rece  [#permalink]

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New post 07 Jan 2019, 09:00
ngoctraiden1905 wrote:
I dont think it's a garbage
One more evidence to choose B rather than A is that "relevant anti-spam regulations should be framed to stop unsolicited advertising" is only a suggestion, so can be considered inference, not a conclusion.



It seems that you are not clear about the difference between an inference and a conclusion. I may arrive a conclusion, but this conclusion does not have to be true; however, an inference must be true according to the facts in the stimulus. In This case the conclusion is the opinion of the author. You may disagree with the conclusion, but it still is his conclusion. You cannot infer (deduce logically) that regulation is needed.

See previous post by IanStewart.
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Re: Something must be done to stop spam. In early days, people seldom rece &nbs [#permalink] 07 Jan 2019, 09:00
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