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# Studies have long shown that people who drive red cars receive more sp

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Studies have long shown that people who drive red cars receive more sp  [#permalink]

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12 Jul 2018, 05:24
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Question Stats:

70% (01:09) correct 30% (01:33) wrong based on 266 sessions

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Studies have long shown that people who drive red cars receive more speeding tickets from the police than do those who drive cars of other colors. Researchers have thus concluded that the color of a car influences its driver’s behavior.

The researchers’ conclusion depends upon which of the following assumptions?

(A) Drivers of black cars receive the second-most speeding tickets.
(B) Red cars do not attract more attention from the police than do cars of other colors.
(C) Police officers do not drive red cars.
(D) Red cars do not receive any more parking tickets, on average, than do cars of other colors.
(E) Drivers of red cars who are ticketed for speeding are able to appeal their tickets moreoften than drivers of other color cars.

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Re: Studies have long shown that people who drive red cars receive more sp  [#permalink]

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12 Jul 2018, 11:32
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carcass wrote:
Studies have long shown that people who drive red cars receive more speeding tickets from the police than do those who drive cars of other colors. Researchers have thus concluded that the color of a car influences its driver’s behavior.

The researchers’ conclusion depends upon which of the following assumptions?

(A) Drivers of black cars receive the second-most speeding tickets.
(B) Red cars do not attract more attention from the police than do cars of other colors.
(C) Police officers do not drive red cars.
(D) Red cars do not receive any more parking tickets, on average, than do cars of other colors.
(E) Drivers of red cars who are ticketed for speeding are able to appeal their tickets moreoften than drivers of other color cars.

Premise:
People who drive red cars receive more speeding tickets from the police than do those who drive cars of other colors.
Conclusion:
The color of a car influences its driver’s behavior.

The argument is valid only if the number of speeding tickets given to a driver is linked to the person's driving behavior.

When the correct answer is negated, the conclusion will be invalidated.
B, negated:
Red cars attract more attention from the police than do cars of other colors.
Here, the number of speeding tickets given to a driver is linked NOT to the person's driving behavior but to the COLOR OF THE CAR.
Since the blue statement above is not true, the argument falls apart.
Since the negation of B invalidates the argument, B is an ASSUMPTION: a statement that MUST BE TRUE for the argument to be valid.

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Re: Studies have long shown that people who drive red cars receive more sp  [#permalink]

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12 Jul 2018, 05:53

I Will look for a choice that is saying Something else will not cause this. Such as in B - If so then behavior is not responsible for high ticket.
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Re: Studies have long shown that people who drive red cars receive more sp  [#permalink]

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12 Jul 2018, 06:02
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+1 for B.

Conclusion :
It is the color of a car that influences the driver’s behavior, and hence receive more speeding tickets from the police.

(B) Red cars do not attract more attention from the police than do cars of other colors --> Correct, negate the statement, it says its not the driver’s behavior that may lead to receiving more speeding tickets, but its the attention that car gets from police.

Hence, B.
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Re: Studies have long shown that people who drive red cars receive more sp  [#permalink]

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12 Jul 2018, 07:39
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Studies have long shown that people who drive red cars receive more speeding tickets from the police than do those who drive cars of other colors. Researchers have thus concluded that the color of a car influences its driver’s behavior.

The researchers’ conclusion depends upon which of the following assumptions?
Prethinking:
1. The correct choice will attack the gap between driver's behavior and speeding tickets
2. There is no other reason except driver’s behavior that red cars are getting more speeding tickets

(A) Drivers of black cars receive the second-most speeding tickets. Irrelevant
(B) Red cars do not attract more attention from the police than do cars of other colors. Logic 2 of prethinking
(C) Police officers do not drive red cars. ( L.O.L. They will also get ticket)- Out of scope
(D) Red cars do not receive any more parking tickets, on average, than do cars of other colors. Irrelevant
(E) Drivers of red cars who are ticketed for speeding are able to appeal their tickets more often than drivers of other color cars. Irrelevant
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Studies have long shown that people who drive red cars receive more sp  [#permalink]

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15 Jul 2018, 20:52
Studies have long shown that people who drive red cars receive more speeding tickets from the police than do those who drive cars of other colors. Researchers have thus concluded that the color of a car influences its driver’s behavior.

Type - assumption
Boil it down - the color of a car influences its driver’s behavior

(A) Drivers of black cars receive the second-most speeding tickets. - Irrelevant
(B) Red cars do not attract more attention from the police than do cars of other colors. - Correct - On negating this statement, the argument falls apart
(C) Police officers do not drive red cars. - Irrelevant
(D) Red cars do not receive any more parking tickets, on average, than do cars of other colors. - Incorrect
(E) Drivers of red cars who are ticketed for speeding are able to appeal their tickets more often than drivers of other color cars. - Irrelevant - how often the red car drivers appeal their tickets is irrelevant

Drivers who are likely to overspeed are no more likely to buy Red cars. -- Is this also a valid assumption?

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Re: Studies have long shown that people who drive red cars receive more sp  [#permalink]

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15 Jul 2018, 23:42
Skywalker18 wrote:
Drivers who are likely to overspeed are no more likely to buy Red cars. -- Is this also a valid assumption?
Sounds good to me. If a certain type of driver is more likely to purchase red, then it is not the color that is responsible for what that driver does.
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Re: Studies have long shown that people who drive red cars receive more sp   [#permalink] 15 Jul 2018, 23:42
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