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Surveys have shown that in up to 40 percent of elderly people living i

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Surveys have shown that in up to 40 percent of elderly people living i  [#permalink]

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Surveys have shown that in up to 40 percent of elderly people living independently in affluent countries, the consumption of one or more essential nutrients is insufficient or they have deficient levels of these nutrients in their blood.

(A) in up to 40 percent of elderly people living independently in affluent countries, the consumption of one or more essential nutrients is insufficient or they have

(B) in up to 40 percent of elderly people who live independently in affluent countries, they consume one or more essential nutrients insufficiently or have

(C) in up to 40 percent of elderly people who live independently in affluent countries, one or more essential nutrients are consumed insufficiently or having

(D) up to 40 percent of elderly people living independently in affluent countries who consume insufficient amounts of one or more essential nutrients or who have

(E) up to 40 percent of elderly people who live independently in affluent countries consume insufficient amounts of one or more essential nutrients or have

Originally posted by monirjewel on 12 Nov 2013, 03:17.
Last edited by hazelnut on 01 Oct 2017, 04:27, edited 1 time in total.
Edited the question.
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Re: Surveys have shown that in up to 40 percent of elderly people living i  [#permalink]

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New post 22 Aug 2016, 20:29
Surveys have shown that in up to 40 percent of elderly people living independently in affluent countries, the
consumption of one or more essential nutrients is insufficient or they have
deficient levels of these nutrients in
their blood.
(A) in up to 40 percent of elderly people living independently in affluent countries, the consumption of one or more
essential nutrients is insufficient or they have [reference of they is ambiguous]
(B) in up to 40 percent of elderly people who live independently in affluent countries, they consume one or more
essential nutrients insufficiently or have [reference of they is ambiguous]
(C) in up to 40 percent of elderly people who live independently in affluent countries, one or more essential
nutrients are consumed insufficiently or having [having looks awkward]
(D) up to 40 percent of elderly people living independently in affluent countries who consume insufficient amounts
of one or more essential nutrients or who have
(E) up to 40 percent of elderly people who live independently in affluent countries consume insufficient amounts of
one or more essential nutrients or have [consume insufficient...... have deficient.... are parallel]
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Re: Surveys have shown that in up to 40 percent of elderly people living i  [#permalink]

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New post 17 Sep 2018, 02:41
look at choice A.
in the old persons, the consumption is not sufficient
this is at least unclear. which consumption? who consume?
choice E is clear
the old persons consume.
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Re: Surveys have shown that in up to 40 percent of elderly people living i  [#permalink]

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New post 28 Oct 2018, 03:08
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thangvietnam wrote:
look at choice A.
in the old persons, the consumption is not sufficient
this is at least unclear. which consumption? who consume?
choice E is clear
the old persons consume.


How can I use parallel structure "X or Y" to eliminate some answer choices. It seems B and E has correct parallel structure.what is wrong with B?

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Re: Surveys have shown that in up to 40 percent of elderly people living i  [#permalink]

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New post 28 Oct 2018, 04:44
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Surveys have shown that in up to 40 percent of elderly people living independently in affluent countries, the consumption of one or more essential nutrients is insufficient or they have deficient levels of these nutrients in their blood.

(A) in up to 40 percent of elderly people living independently in affluent countries, the consumption of one or more essential nutrients is insufficient or they have --- The verb has to be 'are' rather than 'is' to match the plural nutrients


(B) in up to 40 percent of elderly people who live independently in affluent countries, they consume one or more essential nutrients insufficiently or have ---the prepositional 'in up to' and 'they consume' do not gel together. The preposition 'in' and the pronoun 'they' should be dropped to make it a viable structure.

(C) in up to 40 percent of elderly people who live independently in affluent countries, one or more essential nutrients are consumed insufficiently or having -- or having is unparallel and a fragment.

(D) up to 40 percent of elderly people living independently in affluent countries who consume insufficient amounts of one or more essential nutrients or who have -- a blatant fragment

(E) up to 40 percent of elderly people who live independently in affluent countries consume insufficient amounts of one or more essential nutrients or have --Correct choice.

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Re: Surveys have shown that in up to 40 percent of elderly people living i  [#permalink]

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New post 03 May 2019, 13:42
daagh wrote:
Surveys have shown that in up to 40 percent of elderly people living independently in affluent countries, the consumption of one or more essential nutrients is insufficient or they have deficient levels of these nutrients in their blood.

(A) in up to 40 percent of elderly people living independently in affluent countries, the consumption of one or more essential nutrients is insufficient or they have --- The verb has to be 'are' rather than 'is' to match the plural nutrients


(B) in up to 40 percent of elderly people who live independently in affluent countries, they consume one or more essential nutrients insufficiently or have ---the prepositional 'in up to' and 'they consume' do not gel together. The preposition 'in' and the pronoun 'they' should be dropped to make it a viable structure.

(C) in up to 40 percent of elderly people who live independently in affluent countries, one or more essential nutrients are consumed insufficiently or having -- or having is unparallel and a fragment.

(D) up to 40 percent of elderly people living independently in affluent countries who consume insufficient amounts of one or more essential nutrients or who have -- a blatant fragment

(E) up to 40 percent of elderly people who live independently in affluent countries consume insufficient amounts of one or more essential nutrients or have --Correct choice.




Hi,

I believe that the usage of the singular verb 'is' is correct since it refers to consumption. (A) is incorrect because it has a modifier issue. The opening modifier 'in up to 40 percent of elderly people' does not make sense with consumption or they. Consumption is not inside these people. Neither these people are inside the 40% of the elderly population.

What do you think?
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Surveys have shown that in up to 40 percent of elderly people living i  [#permalink]

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New post 03 May 2019, 21:04
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True, the verb should be 'is' in A as you have said. It is an oversight. In addition, it is not clear what the word 'they' refers to. it could be 40% of the elderly people, or the elderly people, or the countries or the nutrients.
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Re: Surveys have shown that in up to 40 percent of elderly people living i  [#permalink]

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New post 05 May 2019, 15:04
aside from pronoun ambiguity "they" in option A... is there any other reason why A is incorrect?
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Re: Surveys have shown that in up to 40 percent of elderly people living i  [#permalink]

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New post 21 May 2019, 12:23
rnn wrote:
aside from pronoun ambiguity "they" in option A... is there any other reason why A is incorrect?


The first part "the consumption of one or more essential nutrients [by them] is insufficient " is passive, where as second part "they have" is active voice.
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Re: Surveys have shown that in up to 40 percent of elderly people living i  [#permalink]

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New post 22 Jun 2019, 11:53
rnn wrote:
aside from pronoun ambiguity "they" in option A... is there any other reason why A is incorrect?

There are a couple of other problems with (A).

First, "up to 40 percent" is better than "in up to 40 percent". With the addition of the word "in", it sounds as though the consumption occurs within the elderly people, and that doesn't quite make sense. Choice (E) makes it clear that some portion of elderly people do the consuming. (A), on the other hand, seems to indicate that the consumption is an independent process occurring inside the elderly people... (E) is better!

Next, compare "[some elderly people] consume insufficient amounts of one or more essential nutrients" (choice E) to "the consumption of one or more essential nutrients is insufficient" (choice A). In (A), "insufficient" modifies consumption, and in (E), "insufficient" modifies amounts of one or more essential nutrients. There isn't anything inherently wrong with saying "insufficient consumption", but choice (E) makes it clear that those elderly people are not consuming a large enough quantity of those essential nutrients. So that's another small vote in favor of (E).

Last but certainly not least, the parallelism makes much more sense in (E) than in (A). In (E), it's clear that the elderly people perform two actions: they "consume insufficient amounts..." or they "have deficient levels of these nutrients." (A) is much more confusing: why use the passive structure "the consumption is... insufficient" when we could just construct the sentence with two parallel verbs?

So (E) is a much better choice. I hope this helps!
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Re: Surveys have shown that in up to 40 percent of elderly people living i  [#permalink]

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New post 22 Jun 2019, 20:52
Why D is incorrect? Is it because who is modifying the countries?

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Re: Surveys have shown that in up to 40 percent of elderly people living i  [#permalink]

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New post 23 Jun 2019, 21:20
porwal1 wrote:
Why D is incorrect? Is it because who is modifying the countries?

Hi porwal1, who is not modifying countries. However, clearly the position of who is not ideal, since it's quite far from elderly people.

D however, has a larger problem: D is not a complete sentence at all!

D has a structure like this:

Studies show that young people who exercise daily.

The above is clearly not a complete sentence. One way to fix it would be:

Studies show that young people who exercise daily, live healthy.
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Re: Surveys have shown that in up to 40 percent of elderly people living i  [#permalink]

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New post 02 Jul 2019, 08:51
monirjewel wrote:
Surveys have shown that in up to 40 percent of elderly people living independently in affluent countries, the consumption of one or more essential nutrients is insufficient or they have deficient levels of these nutrients in their blood.

(A) in up to 40 percent of elderly people living independently in affluent countries, the consumption of one or more essential nutrients is insufficient or they have

(B) in up to 40 percent of elderly people who live independently in affluent countries, they consume one or more essential nutrients insufficiently or have

(C) in up to 40 percent of elderly people who live independently in affluent countries, one or more essential nutrients are consumed insufficiently or having

(D) up to 40 percent of elderly people living independently in affluent countries who consume insufficient amounts of one or more essential nutrients or who have

(E) up to 40 percent of elderly people who live independently in affluent countries consume insufficient amounts of one or more essential nutrients or have



A,B,C Elimiminated as sentence starts with In
D is redundant for who
E is correct
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Re: Surveys have shown that in up to 40 percent of elderly people living i   [#permalink] 02 Jul 2019, 08:51
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