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tense problem-supreme court

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Manager
Joined: 14 Nov 2008
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tense problem-supreme court [#permalink]

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18 Nov 2008, 23:36
Although the Supreme Court ruled as long ago as 1880 that Blacks could not be excluded outright from jury service, nearly a century of case-by-case adjudication has been necessary to develop and enforce the principle that all juries must be drawn from “a fair cross section of the community.”
(A) has been necessary to develop and enforce the principle that all juries must be
(B) was necessary for developing and enforcing the principle of all juries being
(C) was to be necessary in developing and enforcing the principle of all juries to be
(D) is necessary to develop and enforce the principle that all juries must be
(E) will be necessary for developing and enforcing the principle of all juries being

totally..confused....

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SVP
Joined: 17 Jun 2008
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Re: tense problem-supreme court [#permalink]

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19 Nov 2008, 04:09
Simple past + present perfect.....hence, A should be the answer.

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Manager
Joined: 15 Apr 2008
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Re: tense problem-supreme court [#permalink]

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19 Nov 2008, 05:02
i will go with D
what is the OA?

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Manager
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Re: tense problem-supreme court [#permalink]

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19 Nov 2008, 05:19
Echo that..perfect explanation...
(the adjudication is ongoing for a century)
scthakur wrote:
Simple past + present perfect.....hence, A should be the answer.

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VP
Joined: 05 Jul 2008
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Re: tense problem-supreme court [#permalink]

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19 Nov 2008, 17:47
prasun84 wrote:
Echo that..perfect explanation...
(the adjudication is ongoing for a century)
scthakur wrote:
Simple past + present perfect.....hence, A should be the answer.

I agree that the adjudication is ongoing for a century and hence A is correct.

Ideally, a correct simple past sentence would be a best fit but none such exists in the answer choices. B & C are both broken even though they are in Simple past

Simple past + present perfect.....hence, A should be the answer.

Is there some rule surrounding simple past and present perfect?? If so, can some one enlighten me please?

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Director
Joined: 25 Oct 2006
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Re: tense problem-supreme court [#permalink]

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18 Jan 2009, 07:39
Although relates two sentences in which first has simple past tense and second has present tense - either simple or perfect.

Present Perfect refers to a subject's past actions or states while keeping the subject in a present state of reference.

A: Although ...ruled, a century has been necessary.... - second sentence carries the continuation of past action in present form
D: Although ...ruled, a century is necessary.... - second sentence losts the continuation from first sentence even though connected with first sentence.
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Re: tense problem-supreme court   [#permalink] 18 Jan 2009, 07:39
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