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# The anthropologist Marija Gimbutas believed that preliterate

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The anthropologist Marija Gimbutas believed that preliterate [#permalink]

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17 Sep 2013, 13:38
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The anthropologist Marija Gimbutas believed that preliterate European tribes were not patriarchal like later societies and were matriarchal groups centered around worship of the Great Mother goddess.

A The anthropologist Marija Gimbutas believed that preliterate European tribes were not patriarchal like later societies and were
B The anthropologist Marija Gimbutas believed preliterate European tribes not to be patriarchal like later societies but
C The anthropologist Marija Gimbutas believed that preliterate European tribes were not patriarchal like later societies but were
D It was believed by the anthropologist Marija Gimbutas that preliterate European tribes were not patriarchal like later societies but
E Preliterate European tribes were believed by the anthropologist Marija Gimbutas not to be patriarchal like later societies and were

OA
[Reveal] Spoiler:
C

Why not
[Reveal] Spoiler:
D
?
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

Last edited by Narenn on 18 Sep 2013, 23:26, edited 1 time in total.
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17 Sep 2013, 22:36
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Hi grandmaster,

Option D is wrong because the clause starting with "but matriarchal groups ..." is a fragment and lacks a verb.

Regards

Argha
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18 Sep 2013, 18:02
@argha

I understand your point, but the reason I chose D was

not patriarchal, but matriarchal ... (parallelism)

rings a bell to me somehow..

even the idiom is not X, but Y

am i misunderstanding the concept?
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18 Sep 2013, 19:18
Also, what is the problem with B.

All B,C and D looks grammatically correct to me, how to choose the best among them. Please explain.
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18 Sep 2013, 23:05
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dixjatin wrote:
Also, what is the problem with B.

All B,C and D looks grammatically correct to me, how to choose the best among them. Please explain.

Let me try:

The anthropologist Marija Gimbutas believed that preliterate European tribes were not patriarchal like later societies and were matriarchal groups centered around worship of the Great Mother goddess.

A The anthropologist Marija Gimbutas believed that preliterate European tribes were not patriarchal like later societies and were Since a contrast is made, between earlier belief and later fact we need a "but".
B The anthropologist Marija Gimbutas believed preliterate European tribes not to be patriarchal like later societies but. We need a verb "were" after the but, it is missing. llel ism is affected and so is the meaning.
C The anthropologist Marija Gimbutas believed that preliterate European tribes were not patriarchal like later societies but were Correct. "were" is present, so is "but"
D It was believed by the anthropologist Marija Gimbutas that preliterate European tribes were not patriarchal like later societies but Again "were" is missing and also passive construction which is not favoured by gmat.
E Preliterate European tribes were believed by the anthropologist Marija Gimbutas not to be patriarchal like later societies and were "but" is missing and "preliterate European tribes were believed" kind of changes the meaning, what did he believe? The European tribes or that they were patriarchal? Also passive construction.
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Re: The anthropologist Marija Gimbutas believed that preliterate [#permalink]

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19 Sep 2013, 00:41
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Expert's post

The anthropologist Marija Gimbutas believed that preliterate European tribes were not patriarchal like later societies and were matriarchal groups centered around worship of the Great Mother goddess.

A The anthropologist Marija Gimbutas believed that preliterate European tribes were not patriarchal like later societies and were
B The anthropologist Marija Gimbutas believed preliterate European tribes not to be patriarchal like later societies but
C The anthropologist Marija Gimbutas believed that preliterate European tribes were not patriarchal like later societies but were
D It was believed by the anthropologist Marija Gimbutas that preliterate European tribes were not patriarchal like later societies but
E Preliterate European tribes were believed by the anthropologist Marija Gimbutas not to be patriarchal like later societies and were

A) INCORRECT :- To highlight intended contrast, the structure should be Not x.......but y. Also to have the comparison between grammatically equal elements, verb needs to be repeated. Hence the correct structure is A believed that B was not C........but was D. This choice has the structure A believed that B was not C........and was D, which does not show the contrast.

B) INCORRECT :- Parallelism issue. A believed B not to be C....... but D. To maintain the parallelism we would need A believed B not to be C....... but to be D

C) CORRECT :- Correct Structure A believed that B was not C........but was D ensures that phrases are parallel.

D) INCORRECT :- If you have clear subject in the sentence (Anthropologist Marija Gimbutas - in this case), then you should not go with passive structure. In addition to this issue, this choice is also incorrect for omitting the verb were after but.

E) INCORRECT :- This choice commits all the mistakes mentioned in Choice A, B, and D.

Hope that helps!
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Re: The anthropologist Marija Gimbutas believed that preliterate [#permalink]

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19 Sep 2013, 01:16
argha wrote:
Hi grandmaster,

Option D is wrong because the clause starting with "but matriarchal groups ..." is a fragment and lacks a verb.

Regards

Argha

IMO, Option D is wrong only because its unnecessary passive and wordy. As far as verb or lack of it is concerned, the sentence is correct.
for example The gold mines lesser known were found not in India but in Africa. The underlined "were" is understood to be there for both with the idion not X but Y.
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Re: The anthropologist Marija Gimbutas believed that preliterate [#permalink]

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19 Sep 2013, 04:44
rajeevrks27 wrote:
argha wrote:
Hi grandmaster,

Option D is wrong because the clause starting with "but matriarchal groups ..." is a fragment and lacks a verb.

Regards

Argha

IMO, Option D is wrong only because its unnecessary passive and wordy. As far as verb or lack of it is concerned, the sentence is correct.
for example The gold mines lesser known were found not in India but in Africa. The underlined "were" is understood to be there for both with the idion not X but Y.

In the example you gave, the word 'in' replaces 'were'. Not 'in' Africa but 'in' Africa, and hence 'were' is understood to be for both.

However, in the original question, this is not then case. The word 'were' is required to compare patriarchal and matriarchal.

Hope this helps.
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Re: The anthropologist Marija Gimbutas believed that preliterate [#permalink]

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19 Sep 2013, 12:19
Hi All,

I stand to correct my earlier posts on this.

As grandmaster correctly puts it, there seems to be no major error in option D.

Use of "were matriarchal" is not correct as "Not X but Y" requires X & Y to be parallel and in option D, it is maintaining that perfectly.

...were not patriarchal like later societies but matriarchal groups....

As pointed out by some, the use of passive seems to be the only error.

Regards

Argha
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Re: The anthropologist Marija Gimbutas believed that preliterate [#permalink]

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19 Sep 2013, 13:34
rajeevrks27 wrote:
argha wrote:
Hi grandmaster,

Option D is wrong because the clause starting with "but matriarchal groups ..." is a fragment and lacks a verb.

Regards

Argha

IMO, Option D is wrong only because its unnecessary passive and wordy. As far as verb or lack of it is concerned, the sentence is correct.
for example The gold mines lesser known were found not in India but in Africa. The underlined "were" is understood to be there for both with the idion not X but Y.

Hi Rajeev,

Agree to your point. As long as clarity in meaning is not compromised, second verb can be omitted. As I also mentioned in my post, 'Use of Passive Structure' is the basic reason for the elimination of Choice D.
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Re: The anthropologist Marija Gimbutas believed that preliterate [#permalink]

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08 Oct 2013, 19:35
D,E eliminated due to the usage of passive voice...
C because of the contrast represented correctly....
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Re: The anthropologist Marija Gimbutas believed that preliterate [#permalink]

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02 Jul 2016, 02:59
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