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Re: The average of m, n and p is q and the average of q and r is s. Which [#permalink]

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26 Mar 2018, 07:48

Top Contributor

Bunuel wrote:

The average of m, n and p is q and the average of q and r is s. Which of the following is r, in terms of m, n, p and s?

A. (6s - m + n + p)/3

B. (6s - m - n - p)/3

C. (2s - m - n - p)/3

D. (s + m + n + p)/2

E. 2s - m + n + p

Another approach is the INPUT-OUTPUT approach.

First find some values of m, n, p, q, r and s that satisfy all of the given information.

For example, the following values satisfy all of the given information: m = 1, n = 1, p = 1, q = 1, r = 1 and s = 1 In other words, when m = 1, n = 1, p = 1, q = 1 and s = 1, the value of r is 1

QUESTION: Which of the following is r in terms of m, n, p and s? Since r = 1, we're looking for an answer choice that yields an OUTPUT of 1, when we INPUT m = 1, n = 1, p = 1, q = 1 and s = 1

A. (6s - m + n + p)/3 = (6 - 1 + 1 + 1)/3 = 7/3. No good - we need an OUTPUT of 1. ELIMINATE A.

B. (6s - m - n - p)/3 = (6 - 1 - 1 - 1)/3 = 1. Perfect. KEEP B.

C. (2s - m - n - p)/3 = (2 - 1 - 1 - 1)/3 = -1/3. No good - we need an OUTPUT of 1. ELIMINATE C.

D. (s + m + n + p)/2 = (1 + 1 + 1 + 1)/2 = 2. No good - we need an OUTPUT of 1. ELIMINATE D.

E. 2s - m + n + p = 2 - 1 + 1 + 1 = 3. No good - we need an OUTPUT of 1. ELIMINATE E.

Answer: B

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Re: The average of m, n and p is q and the average of q and r is s. Which
[#permalink]
26 Mar 2018, 07:48