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The cause of the epidemic that devastated Athens in 430 B.C. can final

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The cause of the epidemic that devastated Athens in 430 B.C. can final  [#permalink]

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New post 04 Jan 2019, 07:09
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A
B
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Difficulty:

  65% (hard)

Question Stats:

53% (01:55) correct 47% (01:43) wrong based on 72 sessions

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The cause of the epidemic that devastated Athens in 430 B.C. can finally be identified. Accounts of the epidemic mention the hiccups experienced by many victims, a symptom of no known disease except that caused by the recently discovered Ebola virus. Moreover, other symptoms of the disease caused by the Ebola virus are mentioned in the accounts of the Athenian epidemic.

Each of the following, if true, weakens the argument EXCEPT:

(A) Victims of the Ebola virus experience many symptoms that do not appear in any of the accounts of the Athenian epidemic.
(B) Not all of those who are victims of the Ebola virus are afflicted with hiccups.
(C) The Ebola virus’s host animals did not live in Athens at the time of the Athenian epidemic.
(D) The Ebola virus is much more contagious than the disease that caused the Athenian epidemic was reported to have been.
(E) The epidemics known to have been caused by the Ebola virus are usually shorter-lived than was the Athenian epidemic.

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Re: The cause of the epidemic that devastated Athens in 430 B.C. can final  [#permalink]

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New post 04 Jan 2019, 08:31
All answers are out of scope
Clearly B weakens the argument

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Re: The cause of the epidemic that devastated Athens in 430 B.C. can final  [#permalink]

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New post 14 Jan 2019, 23:53
PowerScore Complete Question Explanation

WeakenX. The correct answer choice is (B)

In 430 B.C. an epidemic devastated Athens, and many of the victims had hiccups, according to
historical accounts. Since the Ebola virus causes the only known disease associated with hiccups,
and accounts of the devastation also discuss other symptoms of the same disease, the author of this
stimulus concludes that the cause can finally be identified as the Ebola virus disease.

Premise: Accounts of the devastation in Athens in 430 B.C. mention hiccups, and the
disease from the Ebola virus is the only disease known to be associated with
this symptom.

Premise: The same accounts mention other symptoms that are also associated with this
same disease.

Conclusion: The cause of the Athenian epidemic can finally be identified (as the Ebola
disease).

The stimulus is followed by a Weaken Except question, so every choice will weaken the author’s
argument except one — this means that four of the five answer choices will weaken the author’s
conclusion that the Ebola virus must have caused the epidemic that brought widespread devastation
to Athens in 430 B.C. The correct answer choice will be the only one that fails to weaken the
author’s argument.

Answer choice (A): If Ebola is known to bring particular symptoms, one would expect those
symptoms to show up in historical accounts. If, as this choice provides, they did not, this would
weaken the author’s conclusion that the Ebola virus must have been the culprit. Since this choice
weakens the author’s argument, it must be one of four incorrect answers to this Weaken Except
question.

Answer choice (B): This is the correct answer choice. The fact that at least one Ebola virus
sufferer did not report hiccups does not refute the evidence, which is that many of the victims did
have hiccups, a symptom of only one known disease—the one caused by the Ebola virus.

Answer choice (C): If certain host animals are required to carry the Ebola virus, and those animals
were not living in Athens in 430 B.C., this would tend to refute the claim that the Ebola virus was the
cause of the epidemic. Since this choice does weaken the author’s argument, it cannot be the correct
answer to this WeakenX question.

Answer choice (D): If the disease in Athens was known to be less contagious than the Ebola virus,
this would certainly hurt the author’s argument that the devastation was caused by Ebola. Since the
right answer choice must be the one that doesn’t weaken the author’s argument, this choice should be
ruled out.

Answer choice (E): This choice provides that the Athenian disease lasted longer than the Ebola
disease is known to last, which would certainly weaken the author’s claim that Ebola’s been
established as the cause. Since this hurts the conclusion drawn in the stimulus, it can be ruled out of
contention for this WeakenX question.
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Re: The cause of the epidemic that devastated Athens in 430 B.C. can final &nbs [#permalink] 14 Jan 2019, 23:53
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