GMAT Question of the Day - Daily to your Mailbox; hard ones only

It is currently 07 Dec 2019, 08:13

Close

GMAT Club Daily Prep

Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track
Your Progress

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Not interested in getting valuable practice questions and articles delivered to your email? No problem, unsubscribe here.

Close

Request Expert Reply

Confirm Cancel

The city council of Greensville has passed a new law in an effort to r

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  
Author Message
TAGS:

Hide Tags

Find Similar Topics 
Senior RC Moderator
User avatar
V
Joined: 02 Nov 2016
Posts: 4568
GPA: 3.39
The city council of Greensville has passed a new law in an effort to r  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 03 Mar 2017, 10:51
2
3
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

Difficulty:

  5% (low)

Question Stats:

84% (01:40) correct 16% (02:09) wrong based on 252 sessions

HideShow timer Statistics

The city council of Greensville has passed a new law in an effort to relieve the city’s overworked sanitation department. Businesses in Greenville have taken to depositing their trash in the bins provided for the public litter. By quickly overfilling these trash cans with commercial waste, the practice forces the sanitation department to work overtime in order to clear them. The new law, however, imposes a $250 fine on any business caught placing its trash in public receptacles.

The argument above relies on which of the following assumptions?

A. The public will not place litter in bins already overflowing with waste from businesses.
B. The sanitation department does have enough workers to empty the trash bins in a timely fashion.
C. The amount of the fine and the risk of getting caught are sufficiently high enough to deter business owners from using public trash bins.
D. Clearing out public trash receptacles is the sanitation department’s most important job.
E. Businesses typically pay private companies to remove the excessive amount of trash they generate.

Source: McGraw Hills GMAT
Difficulty Level: 550

_________________
Magoosh GMAT Instructor
User avatar
G
Joined: 28 Dec 2011
Posts: 4471
Re: The city council of Greensville has passed a new law in an effort to r  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 09 Mar 2017, 17:01
2
SajjadAhmad wrote:
Source: McGraw Hills GMAT

The city council of Greensville has passed a new law in an effort to relieve the city’s overworked sanitation department. Businesses in Greenville have taken to depositing their trash in the bins provided for the public litter. By quickly overfilling these trash cans with commercial waste, the practice forces the sanitation department to work overtime in order to clear them. The new law, however, imposes a $250 fine on any business caught placing its trash in public receptacles.

The argument above relies on which of the following assumptions?

A. The public will not place litter in bins already overflowing with waste from businesses.
B. The sanitation department does have enough workers to empty the trash bins in a timely fashion.
C. The amount of the fine and the risk of getting caught are sufficiently high enough to deter business owners from using public trash bins.
D. Clearing out public trash receptacles is the sanitation department’s most important job.
E. Businesses typically pay private companies to remove the excessive amount of trash they generate.

Dear SajjadAhmad,

I'm happy to respond. :-)

This is a poorly constructed question. The prompt doesn't really present a proper argument. It's as if a conclusion is missing from the prompt. I think the author meant for the first sentence to imply a kind of conclusion, but read literally, it's simply a factual statement about the new law's intent. It is an indisputable fact that the intent of the law was "to relieve the city’s overworked sanitation department"--that's not at all a matter of debate. Whether they law will actually be effective in doing what it was intended to do--that's the real issue here, but that is not made clear in the argument. It's as if someone who really didn't understand the GMAT that well were trying to write a challenging question, and instead, they simply wrote a poor question. A question that is unclear because it's poorly written is not at all challenging in the same way in which official CR questions are challenging.

Let's assume the prompt were better written, and had at end a proper conclusion such as
"Once this new law goes into effect, it will drastically reduce the number of overtime hours that the city's sanitation workers will have to work."
That's a prediction, not evidence, a genuine conclusion that can be supported by an assumption. We can use the Negation Test.

A. The public will not place litter in bins already overflowing with waste from businesses.
It sounds as if the large amounts of commercial waste is the big problem. Whether or not a private citizen tosses in, say, an extra soda cup on top of that is not the make-or-break issue. This is not correct.

B. The sanitation department does have enough workers to empty the trash bins in a timely fashion.
Hard to say. It sounds as if the department has enough to do their legally defined job, but if corporations are creating more work for them, it's not enough. Ambiguous, so this is not correct.

C. The amount of the fine and the risk of getting caught are sufficiently high enough to deter business owners from using public trash bins.
Bingo! If we negate this, then the businesses essentially can ignore law, and it will have no effect. Negating this destroys the argument, so this is an assumption.

D. Clearing out public trash receptacles is the sanitation department’s most important job.
Unclear. This is not correct.

E. Businesses typically pay private companies to remove the excessive amount of trash they generate.
We don't know how this works. This is not correct.

Once we improve the prompt, the best answer is (C).

Does all this make sense?
Mike :-)
_________________
Mike McGarry
Magoosh Test Prep


Education is not the filling of a pail, but the lighting of a fire. — William Butler Yeats (1865 – 1939)
Non-Human User
User avatar
Joined: 01 Oct 2013
Posts: 7179
Re: The city council of Greensville has passed a new law in an effort to r  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 22 Mar 2019, 10:40
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

Want to see all other topics I dig out? Follow me (click follow button on profile). You will receive a summary of all topics I bump in your profile area as well as via email.
GMAT Club Bot
Re: The city council of Greensville has passed a new law in an effort to r   [#permalink] 22 Mar 2019, 10:40
Display posts from previous: Sort by

The city council of Greensville has passed a new law in an effort to r

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  





Powered by phpBB © phpBB Group | Emoji artwork provided by EmojiOne