GMAT Question of the Day: Daily via email | Daily via Instagram New to GMAT Club? Watch this Video

It is currently 11 Jul 2020, 08:31

Close

GMAT Club Daily Prep

Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track
Your Progress

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Not interested in getting valuable practice questions and articles delivered to your email? No problem, unsubscribe here.

Close

Request Expert Reply

Confirm Cancel

The common procedure for determining whether a food additive should be

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  
Author Message
TAGS:

Hide Tags

Find Similar Topics 
Math Expert
User avatar
V
Joined: 02 Sep 2009
Posts: 65187
The common procedure for determining whether a food additive should be  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 09 Mar 2020, 01:27
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

Difficulty:

  5% (low)

Question Stats:

88% (01:20) correct 13% (01:34) wrong based on 104 sessions

HideShow timer Statistics

Competition Mode Question



The common procedure for determining whether a food additive should be banned from use is to compare its health-related benefits with its potential risks. Yellow Dye No. 5, an additive used to color lemon soda, might cause allergic reactions in a few consumers. For most consumers of lemon soda, however, the coloring enhances their enjoyment of the beverage. This particular additive should not be banned, therefore, because its benefits greatly outweigh its risks.

A flaw in the argument is that the author


(A) implies that the dye entail no health-related risks

(B) treats enjoyment of a beverage as a health-related benefit

(C) ignores the possibility that some food additives are harmful to most people

(D) bases the argument on an unproven claim regarding a danger in using Yellow Dye No. 5

(E) presumes that most consumers heed the warning labels on beverage containers

_________________
Sloan MIT School Moderator
User avatar
V
Joined: 07 Mar 2019
Posts: 1296
Location: India
GMAT 1: 580 Q43 V27
WE: Sales (Energy and Utilities)
Premium Member CAT Tests
Re: The common procedure for determining whether a food additive should be  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 09 Mar 2020, 08:42
1
The common procedure for determining whether a food additive should be banned from use is to compare its health-related benefits with its potential risks. Yellow Dye No. 5, an additive used to color lemon soda, might cause allergic reactions in a few consumers. For most consumers of lemon soda, however, the coloring enhances their enjoyment of the beverage. This particular additive should not be banned, therefore, because its benefits greatly outweigh its risks.
A flaw in the argument is that the author

Health related benefits decide whether a food be banned from use. Here even though Yellow Dye No. 5 additive that cause allergic reactions in a few consumers, author claims that it should not be banned because its benefits greatly outweigh its risks. Here it's to be noted that only positive about the additive is that it enhances the enjoyment of the beverage for most of the consumers.

(A) implies that the dye entail no health-related risks - WRONG. Opposite

(B) treats enjoyment of a beverage as a health-related benefit - CORRECT.

(C) ignores the possibility that some food additives are harmful to most people - WRONG.

(D) bases the argument on an unproven claim regarding a danger in using Yellow Dye No. 5 - WRONG. Scope not covered.

(E) presumes that most consumers heed the warning labels on beverage containers - WRONG. Irrelevant.

IMO Answer B.
_________________
SVP
SVP
avatar
D
Joined: 24 Nov 2016
Posts: 1674
Location: United States
Re: The common procedure for determining whether a food additive should be  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 09 Mar 2020, 16:41
1
HEALTH benefits x HEALTH risks
enjoyment is a benefit
enjoyment is not a HEALTH benefit

Ans (B)
Director
Director
avatar
V
Joined: 30 Sep 2017
Posts: 966
GMAT 1: 720 Q49 V40
GPA: 3.8
Premium Member Reviews Badge
Re: The common procedure for determining whether a food additive should be  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 09 Mar 2020, 20:40
2
(A) is wrong because the author does no such thing. In fact, the author very explicitly states that the use of Yellow 5 carries with it the risk of allergic reactions in some people—a health-related risk for those people.

(B) is the CORRECT ANSWER. As explained above, the argument improperly treats a benefit relating to consumers' enjoyment of a product with a health benefit.

(C) is not the flaw that the argument makes, though this may be true. Even if the stimulus took this possibility into account, it does not remedy the problem with the argument—that it mistakenly equates an unrelated benefit with a health benefit.

(D) is not the flaw that the argument makes, bu rather attacks a premise (i.e. errors in the underlying facts of an argument) on which the stimulus relies.

(E) is out of scope. There is no indication that the argument makes this presumption. In fact, there is no mention of warning labels at all in the stimulus.

FINAL ANSWER IS (B)
Manager
Manager
avatar
B
Joined: 14 Sep 2019
Posts: 227
Re: The common procedure for determining whether a food additive should be  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 09 Mar 2020, 21:46
(C) ignores the possibility that some food additives are harmful to most people
Answer: C
Senior Manager
Senior Manager
avatar
P
Joined: 17 Mar 2019
Posts: 297
Re: The common procedure for determining whether a food additive should be  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 09 Mar 2020, 22:23
1
The common procedure for determining whether a food additive should be banned from use is to compare its health-related benefits with its potential risks. Yellow Dye No. 5, an additive used to color lemon soda, might cause allergic reactions in a few consumers. For most consumers of lemon soda, however, the coloring enhances their enjoyment of the beverage. This particular additive should not be banned, therefore, because its benefits greatly outweigh its risks.

Stimulus: The author states that the benefit and risk for an additive should be evaluated before using a food additive in the food product. The author is considering enjoyment as benefit of health whereas its just a feel factor and cannot be considered as health benefit.

IMO B

A flaw in the argument is that the author


(A) implies that the dye entail no health-related risks

(B) treats enjoyment of a beverage as a health-related benefit Correct

(C) ignores the possibility that some food additives are harmful to most people

(D) bases the argument on an unproven claim regarding a danger in using Yellow Dye No. 5

(E) presumes that most consumers heed the warning labels on beverage containers
Director
Director
avatar
G
Joined: 05 Jan 2019
Posts: 557
The common procedure for determining whether a food additive should be  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 26 May 2020, 16:41
In other words, Yellow Dye No. 5 might cause allergic reactions in a few consumers.
But for most consumers, Yellow Dye No. 5 enhances their enjoyment of the beverage

Conclusion: Yellow Dye No. 5 should not be banned because its benefits greatly outweigh its risks.

the only thing that has been listed favorable to Yellow Dye No. 5 is its 'enjoyment' by some consumers. The author then makes a bold claim regarding Yellow Dye No. 5's health benefits. the author assumes that 'enjoyment' = health benefits; this assumption is flawed.

A flaw in the argument is that the author


(A) implies that the dye entail no health-related risks - the author did mention that " might cause allergic reactions in a few consumers". Hence, eliminate (A).

(B) treats enjoyment of a beverage as a health-related benefit - this is exactly what the author does when he/she made this conclusion (Claim). Hence, (B) is the right answer choice.

(C) ignores the possibility that some food additives are harmful to most people - This may look like the right answer at first but the key here is that it mentions 'some food additives' and not the 'Yellow Dye No. 5' in particular. So, we have no way of knowing whether (C) includes the Yellow Dye No. 5 additive or not. Hence, eliminate (C)

(D) bases the argument on an unproven claim regarding a danger in using Yellow Dye No. 5 - the argument does not hinge on this particular statement; it actually hinges on the claim that 'most consumers enjoy the drink in which the Yellow Dye No. 5 has been added'. Hence, eliminate (D)

(E) presumes that most consumers heed the warning labels on beverage containers - the passage does not talk about anything regarding 'warning labels'. Hence, eliminate (E)
GMAT Club Bot
The common procedure for determining whether a food additive should be   [#permalink] 26 May 2020, 16:41

The common procedure for determining whether a food additive should be

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  





Powered by phpBB © phpBB Group | Emoji artwork provided by EmojiOne