The cumbersome spears that were the principal weapons used : GMAT Critical Reasoning (CR)
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The cumbersome spears that were the principal weapons used

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The cumbersome spears that were the principal weapons used [#permalink]

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01 Jul 2010, 12:05
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The cumbersome spears that were the principal weapons used by certain tribes in the early Bronze Age precluded widespread casualties during intertribal conflicts. But the comparatively high number of warrior tombs found in recent excavations of the same tribes’ late Bronze Age settlements indicates that in the late Bronze Age, wars between these tribes were frequent, and the casualty rate was high. Hence some archaeologists claim that by the late Bronze Age, these tribes had developed new methods of warfare designed to inflict many casualties.
Which one of the following, if true, most supports the archaeologists’ claim?
(A) A royal tomb dating to the early Bronze Age contained pottery depicting battle scenes in which warriors use spears.
(B) There is evidence that many buildings dating to the late Bronze Age were built by prisoners of war taken in battles between enemy tribes.
(C) Scenes of violent warfare, painted in bright hues, frequently appear on pottery that has been found in some early Bronze Age tombs of warriors.
(D) Some tombs of warriors dating to the late Bronze Age contain armor and weapons that anthropologists believe were trophies taken from enemies in battle.
(E) The marks on the bones of many of the late Bronze Age warriors whose tombs were excavated are consistent with the kind of wounds inflicted by arrowheads also found in many late Bronze Age settlements.
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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01 Jul 2010, 14:00
The key issue is that the wars in late bronze age resulted in much greater casualties as compared to those in early bronze age and the reason cited is use of sophisticated weapons in the late bronze age. D talks about armor and weapons taken as trophies - which does not mean the weapons had become sophisticated or that many casualties occurred. Only E makes it clear.

noboru wrote:
The cumbersome spears that were the principal weapons used by certain tribes in the early Bronze Age precluded widespread casualties during intertribal conflicts. But the comparatively high number of warrior tombs found in recent excavations of the same tribes’ late Bronze Age settlements indicates that in the late Bronze Age, wars between these tribes were frequent, and the casualty rate was high. Hence some archaeologists claim that by the late Bronze Age, these tribes had developed new methods of warfare designed to inflict many casualties.
Which one of the following, if true, most supports the archaeologists’ claim?
(A) A royal tomb dating to the early Bronze Age contained pottery depicting battle scenes in which warriors use spears.
(B) There is evidence that many buildings dating to the late Bronze Age were built by prisoners of war taken in battles between enemy tribes.
(C) Scenes of violent warfare, painted in bright hues, frequently appear on pottery that has been found in some early Bronze Age tombs of warriors.
(D) Some tombs of warriors dating to the late Bronze Age contain armor and weapons that anthropologists believe were trophies taken from enemies in battle.
(E) The marks on the bones of many of the late Bronze Age warriors whose tombs were excavated are consistent with the kind of wounds inflicted by arrowheads also found in many late Bronze Age settlements.

I was with D, but...
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04 Jul 2010, 13:42
I pick E for same reason as mentioned by dwivedys.
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04 Jul 2010, 13:48
I picked E since it was the only choice that related the cause of casualties of late bronze age warriors with the weapons found to be typical of the era.
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22 Jul 2010, 05:41
E
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22 Jul 2010, 06:32
This is the Strengthen type question, in this case we must find an answer that defend the conclusion, basically what else might have caused the warriors die? Maybe illness? Virus? What would strength the conclusion that there is new method of war? How about the mark of a new type of weapon visible on the body of the warriors. That what E is.

A - The argument already established that there were war between tribe, so pottery depicting it is just a fact not helping us at all. -> WRONG
B - Building built by prisoner? Not related to warriors' death at all -> Out of scope -> WRONG
C - Pottery again, like A -> WRONG
D - May be the tribe produce too many weapons so they put a lot in the tomb, thus it is no evidence that there are new methods of warfare.
E - Arrowhead, new type of weapon -> Support conclusion -> CORRECT
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22 Jul 2010, 08:49
Yes, clearly E is the right option. The others don't support the conclusion.
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23 Jul 2010, 07:30
D is an opinion. So its a trap. It takes more than a mere belief to strengthen an argument on gmat OUT

(D) Some tombs of warriors dating to the late Bronze Age contain armor and weapons that anthropologists believe were trophies taken from enemies in battle.
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23 Jul 2010, 08:29
E for me as well.. D mentions nothing about using the armor and weapons to inflict damage which E does.
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28 Jul 2010, 21:01
E.....Easy .......
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09 Aug 2010, 20:48
Go with E!
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09 Sep 2010, 09:37
Good one
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10 Sep 2010, 08:23
Easily E.
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06 May 2011, 02:30
E is simple. there is nothing in option D which makes it a contender . D states 'armor and weapons' , now armor can not be a tool to inflict a wound , and weapons can mean cumbersome spears too
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16 May 2011, 23:36
E clearly gives a new methodology developed for war mentioned in the late bronze age.
arrowhead is the key word here.
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17 May 2011, 18:47
E
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18 May 2011, 03:24
E
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09 Jun 2011, 04:10
Clearly E
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09 Sep 2011, 03:21
E for me as this clearly idetifies the other wepons used during the late bronze age battles
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09 Sep 2011, 10:10
noboru wrote:
The cumbersome spears that were the principal weapons used by certain tribes in the early Bronze Age precluded widespread casualties during intertribal conflicts. But the comparatively high number of warrior tombs found in recent excavations of the same tribes’ late Bronze Age settlements indicates that in the late Bronze Age, wars between these tribes were frequent, and the casualty rate was high. Hence some archaeologists claim that by the late Bronze Age, these tribes had developed new methods of warfare designed to inflict many casualties.
Which one of the following, if true, most supports the archaeologists’ claim?
(A) A royal tomb dating to the early Bronze Age contained pottery depicting battle scenes in which warriors use spears.
(B) There is evidence that many buildings dating to the late Bronze Age were built by prisoners of war taken in battles between enemy tribes.
(C) Scenes of violent warfare, painted in bright hues, frequently appear on pottery that has been found in some early Bronze Age tombs of warriors.
(D) Some tombs of warriors dating to the late Bronze Age contain armor and weapons that anthropologists believe were trophies taken from enemies in battle.
(E) The marks on the bones of many of the late Bronze Age warriors whose tombs were excavated are consistent with the kind of wounds inflicted by arrowheads also found in many late Bronze Age settlements.

I was with D, but...

Arrowhead in the choice E provides support for the author's conclusion.
Re: Bronze Age   [#permalink] 09 Sep 2011, 10:10

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