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Math Expert V
Joined: 02 Sep 2009
Posts: 58465
The digits of a four-digit positive integer have a sum of 19. If the  [#permalink]

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Difficulty:   25% (medium)

Question Stats: 84% (01:42) correct 16% (02:13) wrong based on 45 sessions

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The digits of a four-digit positive integer have a sum of 19. If the ten's digit is twice the units digit and the hundreds digit is 8/3 the units digit, what is the number?

A. 863
B. 1842
C. 2863
D. 8263
E. 9820

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Joined: 01 Jun 2015
Posts: 41
Location: India
Re: The digits of a four-digit positive integer have a sum of 19. If the  [#permalink]

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1
Four digit number = abcd

a+b+c+d = 19

c=2d

b=8/3d

d can have values 3,6,9

since all are single digit , d can only be 3 or else in case 6 and 9 , b will be 16 and 24

when d =3 , b =8

c=6

and from given sum a will b so number would be 2863
Senior PS Moderator V
Joined: 26 Feb 2016
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Location: India
GPA: 3.12
The digits of a four-digit positive integer have a sum of 19. If the  [#permalink]

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Bunuel wrote:
The digits of a four-digit positive integer have a sum of 19. If the ten's digit is twice the units digit and the hundreds digit is 8/3 the units digit, what is the number?

A. 863
B. 1842
C. 2863
D. 8263
E. 9820

We are given the following attributes of the number
1. 4 digit number
2. Sum of the digits is 19
3. ten's digit is twice one's digit
4. 3 times the hundreds digit is 8 times the units digit

Eliminating wrong answer options:
Option A is not a 4 digit number
Option E does not satisfy Pt 3(ten's digit is not twice one's digit)
Option B and D do not satisfy Pt 4(3 times the hundreds digit is 8 times the units digit)

Only Option C remains and 2863 is the correct answer
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Target Test Prep Representative D
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Affiliations: Target Test Prep
Joined: 14 Oct 2015
Posts: 8137
Location: United States (CA)
Re: The digits of a four-digit positive integer have a sum of 19. If the  [#permalink]

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Bunuel wrote:
The digits of a four-digit positive integer have a sum of 19. If the ten's digit is twice the units digit and the hundreds digit is 8/3 the units digit, what is the number?

A. 863
B. 1842
C. 2863
D. 8263
E. 9820

We can let a, b, c, and d be the units, tens, hundreds, and thousands digits, respectively; thus:

a + b + c + d = 19

and

b = 2a

and

c = 8a/3

We see that the units digit must be a multiple of 3, and since the tens digit is twice the units digit, the only option for the units digit is 3, and thus the tens digit must be 6. Now we can determine c:

c = 8(3)/3 = 8

Finally, we can determine the thousands digit:

3 + 6 + 8 + d = 19

d = 2

Thus, the number is 2,863.

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If you find one of my posts helpful, please take a moment to click on the "Kudos" button. Re: The digits of a four-digit positive integer have a sum of 19. If the   [#permalink] 18 Jan 2018, 08:46
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