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# The economic processes of urbanization that have left many rural areas

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Manager
Joined: 29 Jan 2017
Posts: 51
The economic processes of urbanization that have left many rural areas  [#permalink]

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15 Aug 2017, 21:59
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Difficulty:

45% (medium)

Question Stats:

60% (01:17) correct 40% (01:18) wrong based on 274 sessions

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The economic processes of urbanization that have left many rural areas of the world underpopulated, while creating large concentrations of population in expanding cities, have had concomitant social effects such as causing family authority structures to weaken and to transform religious practices.

A) have had concomitant social effects such as causing family authority structures to weaken and to transform religious practices
B) have had concomitant social effects such as the weakening of family authority structures and transforming religious practice
C) has had concomitant social effects such as weak family authority structures and transformed religious practices
D) had concomitant social effects that caused family authority structures to become weaker and religious practices to transform
E) have had concomitant social effects such as the weakening of family authority structures and the transformation of religious practices
Manager
Joined: 22 May 2017
Posts: 117
Re: The economic processes of urbanization that have left many rural areas  [#permalink]

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15 Aug 2017, 23:02

Is B eliminated only because it says 'practice' and not 'practices'*?
Am I missing out on any Paralleism error here

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Manager
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Joined: 20 Sep 2015
Posts: 72
GMAT 1: 690 Q48 V37
GPA: 3.2
WE: Information Technology (Investment Banking)
The economic processes of urbanization that have left many rural areas  [#permalink]

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16 Aug 2017, 08:25
akshata19 wrote:

Is B eliminated only because it says 'practice' and not 'practices'*?
Am I missing out on any Paralleism error here

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Posted from my mobile device

there is one more bigger diff , i felt that is the main reason of elimination of option B :

B) have had concomitant social effects such as the weakening of family authority structures and transforming religious practice : weakening of family is not parallel to transforming religious ....i dont remember the grammatical name of each
E) have had concomitant social effects such as the weakening of family authority structures and the transformation of religious practices
Manager
Joined: 30 Apr 2013
Posts: 90
Re: The economic processes of urbanization that have left many rural areas  [#permalink]

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16 Aug 2017, 11:16
in the option E - is the list parralel ?

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Manager
Joined: 29 Jan 2017
Posts: 51
Re: The economic processes of urbanization that have left many rural areas  [#permalink]

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16 Aug 2017, 17:38
1
The answer choice (E) corrects the Parallelism mistake in the original question by eliminating the redundant word causing and creating a parallelism of two nouns (the weakening and the transformation).
What helps us identify this question as a Parallelism question as well as identify the mistake is the following
A and/or/but B
When you identify this structure, make sure it follows these rules:
1. A and B must be of the same part of speech.
2. A and B must be logically parallel.
Intern
Joined: 29 Jun 2017
Posts: 3
The economic processes of urbanization that have left many rural areas  [#permalink]

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01 Dec 2017, 04:53
Why not B?
Is weakening and transforming not parallel?

weakening gerund, transforming gerund... help pls...
Manager
Joined: 04 Dec 2016
Posts: 115
Re: The economic processes of urbanization that have left many rural areas  [#permalink]

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01 Dec 2017, 12:44
mrdlee23 wrote:
The economic processes of urbanization that have left many rural areas of the world underpopulated, while creating large concentrations of population in expanding cities, have had concomitant social effects such as causing family authority structures to weaken and to transform religious practices.

A) have had concomitant social effects such as causing family authority structures to weaken and to transform religious practices
B) have had concomitant social effects such as the weakening of family authority structures and transforming religious practice
C) has had concomitant social effects such as weak family authority structures and transformed religious practices
D) had concomitant social effects that caused family authority structures to become weaker and religious practices to transform
E) have had concomitant social effects such as the weakening of family authority structures and the transformation of religious practices

The economic processes of urbanization that have left many rural areas of the world underpopulated, while creating large concentrations of population in expanding cities, [u]have had concomitant social effects such as causing family authority structures to weaken and to transform religious practices

A) have had concomitant social effects such as causing family authority structures to weaken and to transform religious practices - parallelism error. causing is not parallel with to transform.
B) have had concomitant social effects such as the weakening of family authority structures and transforming religious practice - same as A - the weakening is not parallel with transforming
C) has had concomitant social effects such as weak family authority structures and transformed religious practices - SV Error
D) had concomitant social effects that caused family authority structures to become weaker and religious practices to transform - Meaning Error
E) have had concomitant social effects such as the weakening of family authority structures and the transformation of religious practices - correct choice- the weakening is parallel with the transformation
Re: The economic processes of urbanization that have left many rural areas &nbs [#permalink] 01 Dec 2017, 12:44
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