GMAT Question of the Day - Daily to your Mailbox; hard ones only

It is currently 20 Sep 2018, 06:14

Close

GMAT Club Daily Prep

Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track
Your Progress

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Not interested in getting valuable practice questions and articles delivered to your email? No problem, unsubscribe here.

Close

Request Expert Reply

Confirm Cancel

The fact that several of the largest senior citizens’ organizations ar

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  
Author Message
TAGS:

Hide Tags

Director
Director
avatar
Joined: 14 Aug 2007
Posts: 690
The fact that several of the largest senior citizens’ organizations ar  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 24 Nov 2008, 01:09
1
3
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

Difficulty:

(N/A)

Question Stats:

74% (01:16) correct 26% (01:47) wrong based on 170 sessions

HideShow timer Statistics

The fact that several of the largest senior citizens’ organizations are constituted almost exclusively of middle-class elderly people has led critics to question the seriousness of those organizations’ commitment to speaking out on behalf of the needs of economically disadvantaged elderly people.

Which of the following generalizations, if true, would help to substantiate the criticism implicit in the statement above?


(A) The ideology of an organization tends reflect the traditional political climate of its locale.

(B) The needs of disadvantaged elderly people differ in some ways from those of other disadvantaged groups within contemporary society.

(C) Organized groups are better able to publicize their problems and seek redress than individuals acting alone.

(D) Middle-class elderly people are more likely to join organizations than are economically disadvantaged elderly people.

(E) People usually join organizations whose purpose is to further the economic, political, or social interests of their members.


I am sorry to post the OA in the first post. But it is necessary since I want to discuss about the validity of the OA.

OA is E

I understand that this answer can be selected using POE and is the only relevant answer here BUT still their is flaw in OA.
Here's why:

The organization is for "senior citizens" and though majority of its members are middle class elderly people it is NOT meant only for "middle class elderly people". so when OA says "their members", it includes economically disadvantaged elderly people as well, which does not help substantiate the critique.

Can someone help me understand if I am wrong in the above reasoning?
Senior Manager
Senior Manager
avatar
Joined: 08 Nov 2008
Posts: 255
Re: The fact that several of the largest senior citizens’ organizations ar  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 24 Nov 2008, 05:26
Premises 1 - People join organizations whose purpose is to further the economic, political, or social interests of their members...
Premises 2 - Several of the largest senior citizens’ organizations are constituted almost exclusively of middle-class elderly people
Conclusion - Middle-class elderly people dirive there own agenda rather than speaking out on behalfs of the needs of economically disadvantaged elderly people....

Hope that help !!

if you find some flaw in my line of resoning , pls let me know .

_________________

"CEO in making"

Retired Moderator
User avatar
Joined: 18 Jul 2008
Posts: 886
Re: The fact that several of the largest senior citizens’ organizations ar  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 24 Nov 2008, 15:46
The key word is almost exclusively
largest senior citizens’ organizations are constituted almost exclusively of middle-class elderly people.

As such, you can make the general assumption that almost everyone is middle class elderly.

alpha_plus_gamma wrote:
The fact that several of the largest senior citizens’ organizations are constituted almost exclusively of middle-class elderly people has led critics to question the seriousness of those organizations’ commitment to speaking out on behalf of the needs of economically disadvantaged elderly people.
Which of the following generalizations, if true, would help to substantiate the criticism implicit in the statement above?
(A) The ideology of an organization tends reflect the traditional political climate of its locale.
(B) The needs of disadvantaged elderly people differ in some ways from those of other disadvantaged groups within contemporary society.
(C) Organized groups are better able to publicize their problems and seek redress than individuals acting alone.
(D) Middle-class elderly people are more likely to join organizations than are economically disadvantaged elderly people.
(E) People usually join organizations whose purpose is to further the economic, political, or social interests of their members.


I am sorry to post the OA in the first post. But it is necessary since I want to discuss about the validity of the OA.

OA is E

I understand that this answer can be selected using POE and is the only relevant answer here BUT still their is flaw in OA.
Here's why:

The organization is for "senior citizens" and though majority of its members are middle class elderly people it is NOT meant only for "middle class elderly people". so when OA says "their members", it includes economically disadvantaged elderly people as well, which does not help substantiate the critique.

Can someone help me understand if I am wrong in the above reasoning?
Manager
Manager
avatar
Joined: 23 Jul 2008
Posts: 179
Re: The fact that several of the largest senior citizens’ organizations ar  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 25 Nov 2008, 10:46
alpha_plus_gamma wrote:
The fact that several of the largest senior citizens’ organizations are constituted almost exclusively of middle-class elderly people has led critics to question the seriousness of those organizations’ commitment to speaking out on behalf of the needs of economically disadvantaged elderly people.
Which of the following generalizations, if true, would help to substantiate the criticism implicit in the statement above?
(A) The ideology of an organization tends reflect the traditional political climate of its locale.
(B) The needs of disadvantaged elderly people differ in some ways from those of other disadvantaged groups within contemporary society.
(C) Organized groups are better able to publicize their problems and seek redress than individuals acting alone.
(D) Middle-class elderly people are more likely to join organizations than are economically disadvantaged elderly people.
(E) People usually join organizations whose purpose is to further the economic, political, or social interests of their members.


I am sorry to post the OA in the first post. But it is necessary since I want to discuss about the validity of the OA.

OA is E

I understand that this answer can be selected using POE and is the only relevant answer here BUT still their is flaw in OA.
Here's why:

The organization is for "senior citizens" and though majority of its members are middle class elderly people it is NOT meant only for "middle class elderly people". so when OA says "their members", it includes economically disadvantaged elderly people as well, which does not help substantiate the critique.

Can someone help me understand if I am wrong in the above reasoning?



I think the key here is to understand the question stem.
Which of the following generalizations, if true, would help to substantiate the criticism implicit in the statement above?

so what is the criticism. The organisations are not best represented. They will be best represented if more economically disadvantaged men are its members. Answer choice E best states that generalisation by saying:

People usually join organizations whose purpose is to further the economic, political, or social interests of their members.

Hence E tells us that if an organisation wishes to bring forward issues concerning a certain strata of the society then it may as well be represented by ppl from such a section.

HTH
Manager
Manager
avatar
Joined: 16 Oct 2011
Posts: 94
Location: United States
Reviews Badge
Re: The fact that several of the largest senior citizens’ organizations ar  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 06 Nov 2011, 05:26
hibloom wrote:
alpha_plus_gamma wrote:
The fact that several of the largest senior citizens’ organizations are constituted almost exclusively of middle-class elderly people has led critics to question the seriousness of those organizations’ commitment to speaking out on behalf of the needs of economically disadvantaged elderly people.
Which of the following generalizations, if true, would help to substantiate the criticism implicit in the statement above?
(A) The ideology of an organization tends reflect the traditional political climate of its locale.
(B) The needs of disadvantaged elderly people differ in some ways from those of other disadvantaged groups within contemporary society.
(C) Organized groups are better able to publicize their problems and seek redress than individuals acting alone.
(D) Middle-class elderly people are more likely to join organizations than are economically disadvantaged elderly people.
(E) People usually join organizations whose purpose is to further the economic, political, or social interests of their members.


I am sorry to post the OA in the first post. But it is necessary since I want to discuss about the validity of the OA.

OA is E

I understand that this answer can be selected using POE and is the only relevant answer here BUT still their is flaw in OA.
Here's why:

The organization is for "senior citizens" and though majority of its members are middle class elderly people it is NOT meant only for "middle class elderly people". so when OA says "their members", it includes economically disadvantaged elderly people as well, which does not help substantiate the critique.

Can someone help me understand if I am wrong in the above reasoning?



I think the key here is to understand the question stem.
Which of the following generalizations, if true, would help to substantiate the criticism implicit in the statement above?

so what is the criticism. The organisations are not best represented. They will be best represented if more economically disadvantaged men are its members. Answer choice E best states that generalisation by saying:

People usually join organizations whose purpose is to further the economic, political, or social interests of their members.

Hence E tells us that if an organisation wishes to bring forward issues concerning a certain strata of the society then it may as well be represented by ppl from such a section.

HTH



Hi,

Please correct my understanding here.
I understand that the critics ask this question concerned with seriousness of organisation's commitment or representations in speaking about its middle aged employees.
Therefore, I see this as, the criticism is made since the critics primarily adhere to the fact that organized groups do a better job in getting redressed than individuals, and hence doubts the seriousness of the organisation's involvement in representing its middle aged workers. So, C seems to be this answer.
Pls correct me even if I am miserably wrong :) :( !
Thanks!
Intern
Intern
avatar
Joined: 02 Apr 2013
Posts: 1
Re: The fact that several of the largest senior citizens’ organizations ar  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 02 Apr 2013, 22:21
1
Hi

Greetings.

Both the choices B and E come very close, but I have a different opinion.

Some of you may not agree, but I feel none of the choices accurately substantiate the criticism. The critics argue that since the membership is almost exclusively middle-class, the organization’s commitment to speak out on behalf of the needs of economically disadvantaged elderly is questionable.

The critics feel that the middle class may not speak out on the needs of the economically disadvantaged people. (I’m leaving out the word elderly since I feel that it does not, in any way, contribute to what we are looking for.)

The premise on which the critics base their argument is: people of class A will not / cannot effectively speak out on the needs of people of class B.

Ideally, the correct choice could have been worded somewhat like this (or better ;):
“People from one particular class of the society cannot / will not effectively speak out for people from another class of society.”

I have a small issue with Choice E (though it comes close) because even if people join organizations to further interests of their members, it may not exclude them from furthering interests of other members. (For instance, John Doe works for educational needs of the Hispanic children; that does not mean he will be uninterested in the educational needs of other races. At least it is not conclusive.). Had the Choice E been worded like,
People usually join organizations whose purpose is to further the economic, political, or social interests of ONLY their members, I would agree.)

Choice B is fair but weak. The critics are not arguing whether the needs of a certain class are different from or similar to other groups in the society. Isn’t it likely that even the needs of two classes are different, the steps taken to benefit one class may spill over and spread benefits for other classes in the same proportion – like a win-win situation?

As an afterthought, choice B is appropriate for a question like, “Which of the following is the assumption upon which the critics rest their case?”

Anyway, since our task is to select from the one of the options (and not add one :), I would rather E.

I wrote quite a lot; did I make sense? :-D

Mayank
(1st post here)
Manager
Manager
User avatar
Joined: 24 Sep 2012
Posts: 85
Location: United States
Concentration: Entrepreneurship, International Business
GMAT 1: 730 Q50 V39
GPA: 3.2
WE: Education (Education)
Re: The fact that several of the largest senior citizens’ organizations ar  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 03 Apr 2013, 13:06
1
Hello raghupara,
Your understanding of the question is a bit faulty. The critics arr concerned since the organizations are comprised of exclusively of middle class elderly people. Due to this they fear that the economically disadvantaged elderly people might not be represented by these organizations.

Now, the questions asks us to choose an option that could substantiate this criticism.

E highlights that people joining organizations generally tend to represent their own people. This leads us to conclude that economically disadvantaged elderly people might not be represented or benefited by these organizations since middle class elderly people would aim at working towards improvement of their people through these organizations.

Hope this helps. Let me know if you need any further clarifications.

raghupara wrote:

Hi,

Please correct my understanding here.
I understand that the critics ask this question concerned with seriousness of organisation's commitment or representations in speaking about its middle aged employees.
Therefore, I see this as, the criticism is made since the critics primarily adhere to the fact that organized groups do a better job in getting redressed than individuals, and hence doubts the seriousness of the organisation's involvement in representing its middle aged workers. So, C seems to be this answer.
Pls correct me even if I am miserably wrong :) :( !
Thanks!
Intern
Intern
avatar
B
Joined: 13 May 2014
Posts: 28
GMAT ToolKit User Reviews Badge
Re: The fact that several of the largest senior citizens’ organizations ar  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 26 Aug 2018, 04:44
between d and E . please xplain why e is better than D
Manager
Manager
avatar
S
Joined: 16 May 2016
Posts: 144
Location: India
Concentration: Marketing, Healthcare
GPA: 3
WE: Analyst (Computer Software)
CAT Tests
Re: The fact that several of the largest senior citizens’ organizations ar  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 17 Sep 2018, 23:17
The fact that several of the largest senior citizens??? organizations are constituted almost exclusively of middle-class elderly people has led critics to question the seriousness of those organizations??? commitment to speaking out on behalf of the needs of economically disadvantaged elderly people.

Which of the following generalizations, if true, would help to substantiate the criticism implicit in the statement above?


(A) The ideology of an organization tends reflect the traditional political climate of its locale.

(B) The needs of disadvantaged elderly people differ in some ways from those of other disadvantaged groups within contemporary society.

(C) Organized groups are better able to publicize their problems and seek redress than individuals acting alone.

(D) Middle-class elderly people are more likely to join organizations than are economically disadvantaged elderly people.

(E) People usually join organizations whose purpose is to further the economic, political, or social interests of their membe
_________________

Not Giving UP! Kudos if you like the question :)

Manager
Manager
User avatar
S
Joined: 26 Jun 2013
Posts: 88
Location: India
Concentration: Strategy, International Business
GMAT 1: 590 Q42 V29
GPA: 4
WE: Information Technology (Computer Software)
GMAT ToolKit User Premium Member
Re: The fact that several of the largest senior citizens’ organizations ar  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 17 Sep 2018, 23:30
I think it should be E as rest of the options don't actually relate to the criticism or are against it.
_________________

Remember, if it is a GMAT question, it can be simplified elegantly.

Re: The fact that several of the largest senior citizens’ organizations ar &nbs [#permalink] 17 Sep 2018, 23:30
Display posts from previous: Sort by

The fact that several of the largest senior citizens’ organizations ar

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  

Events & Promotions

PREV
NEXT


GMAT Club MBA Forum Home| About| Terms and Conditions and Privacy Policy| GMAT Club Rules| Contact| Sitemap

Powered by phpBB © phpBB Group | Emoji artwork provided by EmojiOne

Kindly note that the GMAT® test is a registered trademark of the Graduate Management Admission Council®, and this site has neither been reviewed nor endorsed by GMAC®.