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# The fear of rabies is well founded; few people are known to

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The fear of rabies is well founded; few people are known to [#permalink]

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27 Jun 2004, 12:52
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75% (01:54) correct 25% (01:13) wrong based on 19 sessions

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The fear of rabies is well founded; few people are known to recover from the disease after the appearance of the clinical symptoms.

(A)few people are known to recover from the disease after the appearance of the clinical symptoms.
(B)few people are known to have recovered from the disease once the clinical symptoms have appeared
(C)there are few known people who have recovered from the disease once the clinical symptoms have appeared
(D)after the clinical symptoms appear,there are few known people who have recovered from the disease
(E)recovery from the disease is known for only a few people after the clinical symptoms appear

I had chosen B because it sounded nicer ....
....have recovered ...have appeared

But A is still troubling me

OA is B.
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27 Jun 2004, 15:56
are you sure (B) is the answer.

http://www.testmagic.com/forum/topic.asp?TOPIC_ID=1507
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Re: The fear of rabies is well founded; few people are known to [#permalink]

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12 Jun 2013, 12:44
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IMO, B is correct.

This question tests us about "perfect infinitive - TO HAVE + PAST PARTICIPLE" vs "infinitive - TO + VERB"
Perfect infinitive mentions an action that happened in the past and still has its effect in present. However, infinitive mentions an action that happens in present or will happen, but DID NOT happen in the past.

For example: Mr. John is known to have worked for IBM since 1990.
What if we use a more concise sentence: Mr. John is known to work for IBM.
The difference is the first sentence mentions that Mr. John started working for IBM in 1990 and he still works the the company
The second sentence mentions that Mr. John is going to work for IBM. it changes the intended meaning.

When you see the PERFECT INFINITIVE, please make sure you checked the time of an action. If it happened in the past and still bear an effect in present ==> Perfect infinitive is correct, even the sentence is longer and not concise.

Back to the question, the first part is "The fear of rabies is well founded" ==> it provides the evidence that the action happened in the past. Clearly, in the second part, we cannot use infinitive-to recover. If there is no first part, the second part only maybe correct.

Between A & B, A is wrong for reason above. B is correct.

PS: You will see a lot of this structure - To have + P.P in real GMAT, because GMAT hopes you will pick a more concise sentence and get it wrong.

Hope it helps.
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Re: The fear of rabies is well founded; few people are known to [#permalink]

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12 Jun 2013, 22:17
A sounds better to me too... but, technivally, B is right because of the tense.

We don't know who will recover and who won't until after they recover...
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Re: The fear of rabies is well founded; few people are known to [#permalink]

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20 May 2017, 22:06
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

Want to see all other topics I dig out? Follow me (click follow button on profile). You will receive a summary of all topics I bump in your profile area as well as via email.
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Re: The fear of rabies is well founded; few people are known to [#permalink]

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20 May 2017, 22:07
pqhai provided a superb explanation between A/B, but can someone elaborate on why C/D/E are wrong?
Re: The fear of rabies is well founded; few people are known to   [#permalink] 20 May 2017, 22:07
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