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The Great Blizzard of 1888 cut off many telegraph and railroad links

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The Great Blizzard of 1888 cut off many telegraph and railroad links [#permalink]

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The Great Blizzard of 1888 cut off many telegraph and railroad links in the northeastern United States, and is still remembered for its striking features: the unseasonably warm and rainy weather that preceded it, the sustained winds that created snowdrifts more than 50 feet tall, and prodigious snowfall was measured at over 50 inches in New England.

A. the sustained winds that created snowdrifts more than 50 feet tall, and prodigious snowfall was measured at over 50 inches in New England.

B. the sustained winds created snowdrifts more than 50 feet tall, and in New England the prodigious snowfall was measured at over 50 inches

C. the sustained winds that created snowdrifts more than 50 feet tall, and the prodigious snowfall measured at over 50 inches in New England

D. snowdrifts were created more than 50 feet tall by the sustained winds, in New England the prodigious snowfall measures at over 50 inches

E. snowdrifts which were created more than 50 feet tall by the sustained winds, and prodigious snowfall that was measured at over 50 inches in New England
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

Last edited by abansal1805 on 27 Aug 2017, 13:29, edited 1 time in total.

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Re: The Great Blizzard of 1888 cut off many telegraph and railroad links [#permalink]

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New post 27 Aug 2017, 13:09
Where should the prepositional phrase "in New England" be placed in this question?

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Re: The Great Blizzard of 1888 cut off many telegraph and railroad links [#permalink]

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New post 27 Aug 2017, 21:05
abansal1805 wrote:
The Great Blizzard of 1888 cut off many telegraph and railroad links in the northeastern United States, and is still remembered for its striking features: the unseasonably warm and rainy weather that preceded it, the sustained winds that created snowdrifts more than 50 feet tall, and prodigious snowfall was measured at over 50 inches in New England.

A. the sustained winds that created snowdrifts more than 50 feet tall, and prodigious snowfall was measured at over 50 inches in New England.

B. the sustained winds created snowdrifts more than 50 feet tall, and in New England the prodigious snowfall was measured at over 50 inches

C. the sustained winds that created snowdrifts more than 50 feet tall, and the prodigious snowfall measured at over 50 inches in New England

D. snowdrifts were created more than 50 feet tall by the sustained winds, in New England the prodigious snowfall measures at over 50 inches

E. snowdrifts which were created more than 50 feet tall by the sustained winds, and prodigious snowfall that was measured at over 50 inches in New England


The answer is C
Meaning there is a list of events feature and those feature must be parallel .
Split 1

We have one feature and it effect right next to the word "that " , so we have to follow this structure throughout .
Split 2
We must have only a verb-ed participle in the last feature to maintain parallelism

and the prodigious snowfall measured at over 50 inches in New England

Split 3

D and E changes structure
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The Great Blizzard of 1888 cut off many telegraph and railroad links [#permalink]

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New post 27 Aug 2017, 21:07
Hi egmat

the sustained winds that created snowdrifts more than 50 feet tall, and the prodigious snowfall measured at over 50 inches in New England

I have questions about Option C
1) Is article "the" absolutely necessary
2) Is C absolutely parallel as it does not use that before measured.
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Re: The Great Blizzard of 1888 cut off many telegraph and railroad links [#permalink]

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New post 28 Aug 2017, 01:16
Hi arvind910619,
Thank you for your response.

I was confused between Option B and Option C.
If the prepositional phrase "in New England" were to be placed at the end of the sentence, as in Option C, it suggests that all these events occurred in New England.

However, in Option B,
The prodigious snowfall over 50 inches was a unique event just in New England, along with other events happening throughout the northeastern United States.

Option B seems to make more sense to me. Kindly let me know what if this is a correct way to reason this question.

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The Great Blizzard of 1888 cut off many telegraph and railroad links [#permalink]

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arvind910619,

1) Yes, we need "the" in C to make it fit the list of distinctive features. These were unique events, not general traits or tendencies.
2) The word "that" would make C completely incorrect. The snowfall did not measure something. "Measured" is used as a modifier for "snowfall." We could say "that was measured," but it's not necessary. Official GMAT questions will definitely leave such wording out when it isn't needed. Also, if we have a list of parallel noun phrases, it's not necessary that the nouns be modified in similar ways. For instance, it's perfectly fine to say "For my birthday I want a new bicycle, a phone that takes good photos, and one of the goats we saw in Spain."
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Re: The Great Blizzard of 1888 cut off many telegraph and railroad links [#permalink]

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abansal1805 In option B, none of the terms are parallel:

The Great Blizzard is remembered for its features: the weather, the winds created snowdrifts, and in New England the snowfall was measured.

Here we have a list consisting of a noun phrase, a clause, and another clause that starts with an adverbial modifier. The first is the only one that works, both because it's not underlined (and so has to stay as it is) and because we're supposed to be listing features (nouns), not events (clauses).
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Re: The Great Blizzard of 1888 cut off many telegraph and railroad links [#permalink]

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New post 31 Aug 2017, 09:53
DmitryFarber wrote:
arvind910619,

1) Yes, we need "the" in C to make it fit the list of distinctive features. These were unique events, not general traits or tendencies.
2) The word "that" would make C completely incorrect. The snowfall did not measure something. "Measured" is used as a modifier for "snowfall." We could say "that was measured," but it's not necessary. Official GMAT questions will definitely leave such wording out when it isn't needed. Also, if we have a list of parallel noun phrases, it's not necessary that the nouns be modified in similar ways. For instance, it's perfectly fine to say "For my birthday I want a new bicycle, a phone that takes good photos, and one of the goats we saw in Spain."


Hi DmitryFarber

Thanks for explaining in such detail , now the concept is very clear.
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Re: The Great Blizzard of 1888 cut off many telegraph and railroad links [#permalink]

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New post 26 Sep 2017, 23:59
abansal1805 wrote:
The Great Blizzard of 1888 cut off many telegraph and railroad links in the northeastern United States, and is still remembered for its striking features: the unseasonably warm and rainy weather that preceded it, the sustained winds that created snowdrifts more than 50 feet tall, and prodigious snowfall was measured at over 50 inches in New England.

A. the sustained winds that created snowdrifts more than 50 feet tall, and prodigious snowfall was measured at over 50 inches in New England.

B. the sustained winds created snowdrifts more than 50 feet tall, and in New England the prodigious snowfall was measured at over 50 inches

C. the sustained winds that created snowdrifts more than 50 feet tall, and the prodigious snowfall measured at over 50 inches in New England

D. snowdrifts were created more than 50 feet tall by the sustained winds, in New England the prodigious snowfall measures at over 50 inches

E. snowdrifts which were created more than 50 feet tall by the sustained winds, and prodigious snowfall that was measured at over 50 inches in New England



I was able to decide that C is the correct choice only based on parallelism, I guess it's ok in this sentence, but with other sentences I won't do this
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Re: The Great Blizzard of 1888 cut off many telegraph and railroad links   [#permalink] 26 Sep 2017, 23:59
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