The industrial laws for environment protection enforced by : GMAT Critical Reasoning (CR)
Check GMAT Club Decision Tracker for the Latest School Decision Releases https://gmatclub.com/AppTrack

 It is currently 28 Feb 2017, 07:15

### GMAT Club Daily Prep

#### Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

# Events & Promotions

###### Events & Promotions in June
Open Detailed Calendar

# The industrial laws for environment protection enforced by

Author Message
TAGS:

### Hide Tags

Director
Joined: 04 Jul 2004
Posts: 904
Followers: 4

Kudos [?]: 52 [0], given: 0

The industrial laws for environment protection enforced by [#permalink]

### Show Tags

26 May 2005, 13:10
00:00

Difficulty:

(N/A)

Question Stats:

0% (00:00) correct 0% (00:00) wrong based on 0 sessions

### HideShow timer Statistics

The industrial laws for environment protection enforced by the Government of India on industries have exerted more pressure on the larger industrial units than on the smaller ones. The large industries have a much more massive scale of operations, so in order to adhere to the new laws, they have to change more complex operations and spend much more money.

Which of the following, if true, most weakens the argument above?
(A) Environmental regulations are applicable in the same way to all segments of industry, irrespective of the size of operations.
(B) Many large industries depend on the smaller industries for their intermediaries.
(C) Small industries are less likely to have at their disposal the capital reserves to improve their existing operations.
(D) Large industries are always in a better position to diversify their operations than are smaller industries.
(E) Many a times, the technology requirements of large and small industries are similar.
If you have any questions
New!
Director
Joined: 27 Dec 2004
Posts: 905
Followers: 1

Kudos [?]: 44 [0], given: 0

### Show Tags

26 May 2005, 15:12
D
SVP
Joined: 05 Apr 2005
Posts: 1731
Followers: 5

Kudos [?]: 76 [0], given: 0

### Show Tags

26 May 2005, 17:46
D.
Director
Joined: 18 Apr 2005
Posts: 548
Location: Canuckland
Followers: 1

Kudos [?]: 37 [0], given: 0

### Show Tags

26 May 2005, 19:54
C.
Director
Joined: 03 Nov 2004
Posts: 865
Followers: 2

Kudos [?]: 54 [0], given: 0

### Show Tags

27 May 2005, 05:13
I would go with A. This directly negates the premise about the massive scale of operations.
Senior Manager
Joined: 13 Jan 2005
Posts: 331
Followers: 1

Kudos [?]: 2 [0], given: 12

### Show Tags

27 May 2005, 05:48
D it is.

GA
Senior Manager
Joined: 02 Feb 2004
Posts: 345
Followers: 1

Kudos [?]: 65 [0], given: 0

### Show Tags

27 May 2005, 08:12
C. What's the OA?
Intern
Joined: 28 Mar 2005
Posts: 44
Followers: 0

Kudos [?]: 2 [0], given: 0

### Show Tags

27 May 2005, 10:14
Can you all explain how you use the logic to come to the conclusion please?

I'm picking C because it demonstrated the difficulty that the small operations are facing, which "neutralized" the argument in the stem that the large operations have tougher time adhering to the law.
Senior Manager
Joined: 10 Nov 2004
Posts: 293
Followers: 1

Kudos [?]: 17 [0], given: 0

### Show Tags

27 May 2005, 10:40
I'll pick D.

It says larger companies have to change more complex operations and spend much more money and so more pressure on the larger industrial units.

D says, Large industries are always in a better position to diversify their operations than are smaller industries

Thus, the pressure would not be more on larger industries compared to the smaller ones.

C tells that small industries have less money at there disposal, but there is no comparison with large industies. Also, they will be spending less money than large industries and are thus expected to have less money.
Senior Manager
Joined: 19 Sep 2004
Posts: 369
Followers: 1

Kudos [?]: 6 [0], given: 0

### Show Tags

27 May 2005, 13:07
IMO D should be the answer but C also comes close but D directly negates the Conclusion.

Saurabh Malpani
SVP
Joined: 03 Jan 2005
Posts: 2243
Followers: 16

Kudos [?]: 330 [0], given: 0

Re: CR - Industrial Law [#permalink]

### Show Tags

27 May 2005, 16:51
Conclusion: Environmental requirement exerts more pressure on larger industries, because they have bigger operations and need more money to change more complex operations.

(A) Environmental regulations are applicable in the same way to all segments of industry, irrespective of the size of operations.
Yes regulations are equally applicable but still it's likely that bigger operations need to spend more money. Not weakening.

(B) Many large industries depend on the smaller industries for their intermediaries.
It has nothing to do with the impact of environmental regulations, out of scope.

(C) Small industries are less likely to have at their disposal the capital reserves to improve their existing operations.
This one seems good, since it talks about why small industries may have greater burdons to improve the existing operation so that it becomes more environmental friendly.

(D) Large industries are always in a better position to diversify their operations than are smaller industries.
Environmental regulations require industries to make their process more environmental friendly, not require them to diversify their operations. Irrelavent.

(E) Many a times, the technology requirements of large and small industries are similar.
If it is talking about the tech requirement for environmental regulation then I would have chosen this one. But on second read it is talking about tech requirement for the industries themselves. Again kind of irrelavent to environment regulation requirements.

So I would choose C.
_________________

Keep on asking, and it will be given you;
keep on seeking, and you will find;
keep on knocking, and it will be opened to you.

VP
Joined: 30 Sep 2004
Posts: 1488
Location: Germany
Followers: 6

Kudos [?]: 332 [0], given: 0

### Show Tags

28 May 2005, 02:00
A) will explain if correct...
_________________

If your mind can conceive it and your heart can believe it, have faith that you can achieve it.

Senior Manager
Joined: 17 Apr 2005
Posts: 375
Location: India
Followers: 1

Kudos [?]: 27 [0], given: 0

### Show Tags

28 May 2005, 02:39
christoph wrote:
A) will explain if correct...

I vote for C.

BTW, what has diversification of operations got to do with compliance to enviromental regulations.I'm sure no industry would give up their core business just to get past the burden of env. regulations.

HMTG.
Director
Joined: 18 Feb 2005
Posts: 673
Followers: 1

Kudos [?]: 6 [0], given: 0

Re: CR - Industrial Law [#permalink]

### Show Tags

28 May 2005, 03:46
HongHu wrote:
Conclusion: Environmental requirement exerts more pressure on larger industries, because they have bigger operations and need more money to change more complex operations.

(A) Environmental regulations are applicable in the same way to all segments of industry, irrespective of the size of operations.
Yes regulations are equally applicable but still it's likely that bigger operations need to spend more money. Not weakening.

(B) Many large industries depend on the smaller industries for their intermediaries.
It has nothing to do with the impact of environmental regulations, out of scope.

(C) Small industries are less likely to have at their disposal the capital reserves to improve their existing operations.
This one seems good, since it talks about why small industries may have greater burdons to improve the existing operation so that it becomes more environmental friendly.

(D) Large industries are always in a better position to diversify their operations than are smaller industries.
Environmental regulations require industries to make their process more environmental friendly, not require them to diversify their operations. Irrelavent.

(E) Many a times, the technology requirements of large and small industries are similar.
If it is talking about the tech requirement for environmental regulation then I would have chosen this one. But on second read it is talking about tech requirement for the industries themselves. Again kind of irrelavent to environment regulation requirements.

So I would choose C.

I have a question about the choice C.

Improving the existing operations need not necessarily be an environment friendly initiative. So wouldnt you think it is too broad in its scope?
SVP
Joined: 30 Oct 2003
Posts: 1793
Location: NewJersey USA
Followers: 6

Kudos [?]: 100 [0], given: 0

### Show Tags

28 May 2005, 05:26
The author is trying to say the bigger industries are under greater pressure than the smaller industries are.

To weaken this conclusion we can show that the smaller industries are under much greate pressure. I believe (C) does it the best.

Even if we assume that the bigger industries have complex operations. then these industries can adhere to the regulations provided they have enough capital to change the manufacturing process.
It does not matter the what size or the complexity of the manufacturing process is. Does a particular indutsry have enough capital to chnage the process.
(C) clearly says that small industries dont have money. Hence it must be true that most of these will have to closedown if they cannot adhere to the regulations.

28 May 2005, 05:26
Similar topics Replies Last post
Similar
Topics:
1 In an attempt to protect the environment and stop oil companies from 3 18 Dec 2015, 01:38
1 A law that is not consistently enforced does not serve 1 02 Apr 2015, 07:17
1 A law that is not consistently enforced does not serve its 3 20 Apr 2013, 03:55
3 Stronger patent laws are needed to protect inventions from 10 14 Jan 2010, 09:13
31 To protect certain fledgling industries, the government of 10 21 Jul 2008, 11:51
Display posts from previous: Sort by