Bunuel wrote:
The numbers m, n, and K are all positive integers. Given that m is a factor of K, that n is also a factor of K, and m < n, which of the following must also be a positive integer factor of K?
A. m + n
B. mn
C. n^2/m
D. K/m
E. K/(mn)
Different approach:
The question asks "which of the following
must also be a positive integer factor of K?"
So, if we can find an answer choice that is NOT a factor of K we can ELIMINATE that answer choice.
A. m + n
If K = 12, then if COULD be the case that m = 4 and n = 6
In this case, m + n = 4 + 6 = 10, and 10 is NOT a factor of 12
ELIMINATE A
B. mn
If K = 12, then if COULD be the case that m = 4 and n = 6
In this case, mn = (4)(6) = 24, and 24 is NOT a factor of 12
ELIMINATE B
C. n²/m
If K = 12, then if COULD be the case that m = 4 and n = 6
In this case, n²/m = 6²/4 = 9, and 9 is NOT a factor of 12
ELIMINATE C
D. K/m
If K = 12, then if COULD be the case that m = 4 and n = 6
In this case, K/m = 12/4 = 3, and 3 IS a factor of 12
KEEP D (for now)
E. K/(mn)
If K = 12, then if COULD be the case that m = 4 and n = 6
In this case, K/(mn) = 12/(4)(6) = 1/2, and 1/2 is NOT a positive INTEGER factor of 12
ELIMINATE E
By the process of elimination, the correct answer is D
Cheers,
Brent