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The school board ruling mandated that physically handicapped

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The school board ruling mandated that physically handicapped [#permalink]

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New post 08 Jul 2009, 11:44
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A
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1. The school board ruling mandated that physically handicapped students be placed in regular classroom settings whenever possible also assured all children who have a reading problem of special aid.

1. be placed in regular classroom settings whenever possible also assured all children who have a reading problem
2. should be placed in regular classroom settings whenever possible also assures all children who have a reading problem
3. are placed in regular classroom settings whenever possible also assures all children who have a reading problems
4. be placed in regular classroom settings whenever possible also assures all children with reading problems
5. should be placed in regular classroom settings whenever possible also assures all children who have a reading problems

OA is
[Reveal] Spoiler:
d


can somebody please expalin difference between D and E. Is it that here statement has mandated hence we dont repeat use of should?

Please also explain when we use words like mandate, do we use should ?

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Re: regular classroom [#permalink]

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New post 08 Jul 2009, 12:43
Use of mandate that implies the subjunctive mood.

Also should is used to express someone's wish/hope/thoughts. Incorrect in this scenario.
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regular classroom [#permalink]

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New post 09 Jul 2009, 01:40
1. be placed in regular classroom settings whenever possible also assured all children who have a reading problem
2. should be placed in regular classroom settings whenever possible also assures all children who have a reading problem
3. are placed in regular classroom settings whenever possible also assures all children who have a reading problems
4. be placed in regular classroom settings whenever possible also assures all children with reading problems
5. should be placed in regular classroom settings whenever possible also assures all children who have a reading problems

because of the subjunctive mood - it nails down to 1 and 4. How do we choose between 1 and 4?

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Re: regular classroom [#permalink]

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New post 09 Jul 2009, 01:55
acer2knight wrote:
1. be placed in regular classroom settings whenever possible also assured all children who have a reading problem
2. should be placed in regular classroom settings whenever possible also assures all children who have a reading problem
3. are placed in regular classroom settings whenever possible also assures all children who have a reading problems
4. be placed in regular classroom settings whenever possible also assures all children with reading problems
5. should be placed in regular classroom settings whenever possible also assures all children who have a reading problems

because of the subjunctive mood - it nails down to 1 and 4. How do we choose between 1 and 4?


Out of 1 and 4 ,4 is the simpler one.'children with reading problems' is better than 'children who have a reading problem'

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Re: regular classroom [#permalink]

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New post 09 Jul 2009, 03:23
shrutisingh wrote:
acer2knight wrote:
1. be placed in regular classroom settings whenever possible also assured all children who have a reading problem
2. should be placed in regular classroom settings whenever possible also assures all children who have a reading problem
3. are placed in regular classroom settings whenever possible also assures all children who have a reading problems
4. be placed in regular classroom settings whenever possible also assures all children with reading problems
5. should be placed in regular classroom settings whenever possible also assures all children who have a reading problems

because of the subjunctive mood - it nails down to 1 and 4. How do we choose between 1 and 4?


Out of 1 and 4 ,4 is the simpler one.'children with reading problems' is better than 'children who have a reading problem'


Assume you have a total children (X)
out of which (Y) have reading problem
1) referring to X (have reading problem) ==> not true, all children do not have reading problems. ('who' in general introduces non-restrictive clause just adding info, but not classify/separate the subject/noun from group. Can someone please confirm this?.)
4) referring to Y (with reading problems)
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Re: regular classroom [#permalink]

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New post 09 Jul 2009, 03:52
Between A and D, the tense difference between 'assured' (A) and 'assures' (D) what does it imply?
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Re: regular classroom [#permalink]

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New post 09 Jul 2009, 03:52
I would reject option A, B, C and E for using "all children who have a reading problem"

By using "a" above, it sounds as if there are different categories of reading problem and these children have one reading problems.

C and E are introducing new error by using plural "problems", - "a reading problems"

In option D, the above problem is addressed by using "all children with reading problems", which addresses children with any type of reading problem.
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Re: regular classroom [#permalink]

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New post 09 Jul 2009, 04:00
Jut to add to my previous post:

"A/an" can be used only with count nouns.

* "I need a bottle of water."
* "I need a new glass of milk."

Whereas, here, "Reading problem" is a non-countable noun.
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Re: regular classroom [#permalink]

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New post 09 Jul 2009, 04:11
bigoyal wrote:
Jut to add to my previous post:

"A/an" can be used only with count nouns.

* "I need a bottle of water."
* "I need a new glass of milk."

Whereas, here, "Reading problem" is a non-countable noun.


Can you enlighten me more on this as I am not sure of it?

I think problems are countable:
I am facing few problems in evaluating ...

Also, we don't know whether there do exist different type of reading problems in this context.
So do you intend to say that we should use "the reading problem".
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Re: regular classroom [#permalink]

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New post 09 Jul 2009, 04:45
sudeep wrote:
I think problems are countable:
I am facing few problems in evaluating ...

hmm.. I got your point. Thats correct.

We can certainly write "I am facing a reading problem". But that means that I'm facing "one" reading problem. Isn't it ?

Similarly, "all children who have a reading problem" sounds as if these children have one reading problem, though non-specific (since using "a")

"all children with reading problems" addresses children with any type and any number of reading problems.

sudeep wrote:
So do you intend to say that we should use "the reading problem".

Yes, we can surely use "the reading problem" when we want to point to a "specific" reading problem (But its not applicable here).
E.g. The reading problem, which Dave has, is very serious.
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Re: regular classroom [#permalink]

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New post 09 Jul 2009, 09:46
bigoyal wrote:
sudeep wrote:
I think problems are countable:
I am facing few problems in evaluating ...

hmm.. I got your point. Thats correct.

We can certainly write "I am facing a reading problem". But that means that I'm facing "one" reading problem. Isn't it ?

Similarly, "all children who have a reading problem" sounds as if these children have one reading problem, though non-specific (since using "a")

"all children with reading problems" addresses children with any type and any number of reading problems.

sudeep wrote:
So do you intend to say that we should use "the reading problem".

Yes, we can surely use "the reading problem" when we want to point to a "specific" reading problem (But its not applicable here).
E.g. The reading problem, which Dave has, is very serious.


I think whether children have the same reading problem or different problems is not an issue => I will not prefer to use it as a part of POE in answer.
the relevance here is the use of who as mentioned in below:

sudeep wrote:
Assume you have a total children (X)
out of which (Y) have reading problem
1) referring to X (have reading problem) ==> not true, all children do not have reading problems. ('who' in general introduces non-restrictive clause just adding info, but not classify/separate the subject/noun from group. Can someone please confirm this?.)
4) referring to Y (with reading problems)

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Re: regular classroom [#permalink]

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New post 09 Jul 2009, 22:29
sudeep wrote:
I think whether children have the same reading problem or different problems is not an issue => I will not prefer to use it as a part of POE in answer.
the relevance here is the use of who as mentioned in below:


Maybe you are true. But still, I feel, if I had been given the below options:

"all children with reading problems"
OR
"all children with a reading problem"

I would have opted the 1st one. To me, the use of "a" here sounds awkward, and sounds as if all the students have one and same reading problem.
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Re: regular classroom [#permalink]

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New post 09 Jul 2009, 23:21
bigoyal wrote:
sudeep wrote:
I think whether children have the same reading problem or different problems is not an issue => I will not prefer to use it as a part of POE in answer.
the relevance here is the use of who as mentioned in below:


Maybe you are true. But still, I feel, if I had been given the below options:

"all children with reading problems"
OR
"all children with a reading problem"

I would have opted the 1st one. To me, the use of "a" here sounds awkward, and sounds as if all the students have one and same reading problem.


I think in this type of question, prefer what is suggested in the original sentence.
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Re: regular classroom   [#permalink] 09 Jul 2009, 23:21
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