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The sequence S is defined by Sn = Sn – 1 + Sn – 2 – 1 for each integer

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The sequence S is defined by Sn = Sn – 1 + Sn – 2 – 1 for each integer  [#permalink]

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New post 27 Jul 2018, 00:23
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The sequence S is defined by \(S_n = S_{n - 1} + S_{n - 2} - 1\) for each integer n ≥ 3. If \(S_1 = 11\) and \(S_3 = 10\), what is the value of \(S_5\)?

(A) 0
(B) 9
(C) 10
(D) 18
(E) 19

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Re: The sequence S is defined by Sn = Sn – 1 + Sn – 2 – 1 for each integer  [#permalink]

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New post 27 Jul 2018, 01:00
Sn = Sn−1 + Sn−2 − 1
S1=11 and S3=10, S5 = ?

S3 = S2 + S1 − 1
10 = S2 + 11 - 1
S2 = 0

S4 = S3 + S2 − 1
S4 = 10 + 0 - 1 = 9

S5 = S4 + S3 − 1
S5 = 9 + 11 - 1 = 19

Hence, E.
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Re: The sequence S is defined by Sn = Sn – 1 + Sn – 2 – 1 for each integer  [#permalink]

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New post 28 Aug 2018, 06:49
10=S2+11-1,S2=0

S5=(S4)+S3-1=(S3+S2-1)+S3-1=10+10+0-1-1=18
Answer D.
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Re: The sequence S is defined by Sn = Sn – 1 + Sn – 2 – 1 for each integer  [#permalink]

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New post 25 Oct 2018, 14:59
1
Bunuel wrote:
The sequence S is defined by \(S_n = S_{n - 1} + S{n - 2} - 1\) for each integer n ≥ 3. If \(S_1 = 11\) and \(S_3 = 10\), what is the value of \(S_5\)?

(A) 0
(B) 9
(C) 10
(D) 18
(E) 19


Bunuel Could you please format the equation properly? It's currently confusing. Thanks!

\(S_n = S_{n - 1} + S{n - 2} - 1\) —> \(S_n = S_{n - 1} + S_{n - 2} - 1\)
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Re: The sequence S is defined by Sn = Sn – 1 + Sn – 2 – 1 for each integer  [#permalink]

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New post 25 Oct 2018, 20:12
dabaobao wrote:
Bunuel wrote:
The sequence S is defined by \(S_n = S_{n - 1} + S{n - 2} - 1\) for each integer n ≥ 3. If \(S_1 = 11\) and \(S_3 = 10\), what is the value of \(S_5\)?

(A) 0
(B) 9
(C) 10
(D) 18
(E) 19


Bunuel Could you please format the equation properly? It's currently confusing. Thanks!

\(S_n = S_{n - 1} + S{n - 2} - 1\) —> \(S_n = S_{n - 1} + S_{n - 2} - 1\)

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Edited. Thank you.
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Collection of Questions:
PS: 1. Tough and Tricky questions; 2. Hard questions; 3. Hard questions part 2; 4. Standard deviation; 5. Tough Problem Solving Questions With Solutions; 6. Probability and Combinations Questions With Solutions; 7 Tough and tricky exponents and roots questions; 8 12 Easy Pieces (or not?); 9 Bakers' Dozen; 10 Algebra set. ,11 Mixed Questions, 12 Fresh Meat

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Re: The sequence S is defined by Sn = Sn – 1 + Sn – 2 – 1 for each integer  [#permalink]

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New post 26 Oct 2018, 16:24
Strategy: Utilize a Table for the sequence to help understand how the sequence works

Given
s1 = 11
s3 = 10 = s2 + s1 - 1

Question
s5 = ?

Equations used
sn = s(n-1) + s(n-2) + 1

Calculations
s5 = s4 + s3 - 1
s5 = s4 + 11 - 1
What is s4?

s4 = s3 + s2 - 1
s4 = 11 + s2 - 1
To find s4, we need to know what s2 is

From the Given:
s3 = s2 + s1 - 1
s3 - s1 + 1 = s2
10 - 11 + 1 = s2
0 = s2


s4 = s3 + s2 -1
s4 = 10 + 0 - 1
s4 = 9

s5 = s4 + s3 - 1
s5 = 9 + 10 - 1
s5 = 18
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Re: The sequence S is defined by Sn = Sn – 1 + Sn – 2 – 1 for each integer  [#permalink]

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New post 26 Oct 2018, 17:43
Bunuel wrote:
The sequence S is defined by \(S_n = S_{n - 1} + S_{n - 2} - 1\) for each integer n ≥ 3. If \(S_1 = 11\) and \(S_3 = 10\), what is the value of \(S_5\)?

(A) 0
(B) 9
(C) 10
(D) 18
(E) 19


Steps:
1) Compute S_2 = S_3 - S_1 + 1 = 0
2) Using the same method, compute S_4 = 10 - 1 = 9
3)Now, compute S_5 = 9 + 10 - 1 = 18

Correct answer: D

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Re: The sequence S is defined by Sn = Sn – 1 + Sn – 2 – 1 for each integer &nbs [#permalink] 26 Oct 2018, 17:43
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