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# The table above shows the closing price of a stock during a week. If

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Math Expert
Joined: 02 Sep 2009
Posts: 51185
The table above shows the closing price of a stock during a week. If  [#permalink]

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12 Oct 2017, 23:18
00:00

Difficulty:

5% (low)

Question Stats:

93% (01:34) correct 7% (02:13) wrong based on 57 sessions

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The table above shows the closing price of a stock during a week. If the average (arithmetic mean) closing price for the five days was $75.50, what was the closing price on Friday? A.$75.35
B. $75.40 C.$75.42
D. $75.45 E.$75.48

Attachment:

2017-10-13_1116.png [ 9.74 KiB | Viewed 945 times ]

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Joined: 07 Jul 2012
Posts: 378
Location: India
Concentration: Finance, Accounting
GPA: 3.5
Re: The table above shows the closing price of a stock during a week. If  [#permalink]

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13 Oct 2017, 00:00
1
Let the Closing price on Friday= x

$$\frac{75.58+75.63+75.42+75.52+x}{5}$$= 75.50

$$\frac{302.15+x}{5}$$= 75.50

302.15+x= 377.50
x= 377.50-302.15= 75.35
x= 75.35

Kudos please if you like my explanation!
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Kindly hit kudos if my post helps!

Intern
Joined: 10 Apr 2017
Posts: 38
Schools: Kelley '20
Re: The table above shows the closing price of a stock during a week. If  [#permalink]

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13 Oct 2017, 00:42
Here,
Let the Closing price on Friday= x

75.58+75.63+75.42+75.52+x575.58+75.63+75.42+75.52+x5= 75.50

302.15+x5302.15+x5= 75.50

302.15+x= 377.50
x= 377.50-302.15= 75.35
x= 75.35

Intern
Joined: 15 Aug 2012
Posts: 42
Schools: AGSM '19
The table above shows the closing price of a stock during a week. If  [#permalink]

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14 Oct 2017, 15:54
1
Another approach I've come to admire for these kind of questions.

Think how far off each of these amounts are from the Mean.

Monday: 75.58 --> Exceeds mean by 0.08
Tuesday: 75.63 --> Exceeds mean by 0.13
Wednesday: 75.42 --> Fall shorts from mean by 0.08
Thursday: 75.52 --> Exceeds mean by 0.02

Excess: 0.08 + 0.13 + 0.02 = 0.23
Short: 0.08

Excess > Short; So right now the sum of these 4 amounts exceed the Mean by 0.15 (0.23 - 0.08)

Our 5th amount should be something that compensates for the excess i.e. it should be 0.15 less than Mean which brings us to
75.35

This method has minimal calculations meaning fewer chances you mess up during calculations.

Don't forget the kudos if this helped ya!
Intern
Joined: 29 May 2012
Posts: 36
Re: The table above shows the closing price of a stock during a week. If  [#permalink]

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14 Oct 2017, 18:12
1. Calculate the variance between each number and the mean.

- Variance between 75.58 and the mean (75.5) is +0.08
- Variance between 75.63 and the mean (75.5) is +0.13
- Variance between 75.42 and the mean (75.5) is -0.08
- Variance between 75.52 and the mean (75.5) is +0.02

2. Let the variance between the closing price on Friday and the mean be x

3. 0.08+0.13-0.08+0.02+x=0
Then x=-0.15

4. So the Closing Price on Friday is:
Mean + Variance = 75.5+(-0.15) = 75.35

Target Test Prep Representative
Affiliations: Target Test Prep
Joined: 04 Mar 2011
Posts: 2830
Re: The table above shows the closing price of a stock during a week. If  [#permalink]

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16 Oct 2017, 16:20
Bunuel wrote:

The table above shows the closing price of a stock during a week. If the average (arithmetic mean) closing price for the five days was $75.50, what was the closing price on Friday? A.$75.35
B. $75.40 C.$75.42
D. $75.45 E.$75.48

Attachment:
2017-10-13_1116.png

We can let x = the closing price on Friday, and thus:

(75.58 + 75.63 + 75.42 + 75.52 + x)/5 = 75.50

(302.15 + x)/5 = 75.50

302.15 + x = 377.50

x = 75.35

Alternate Solution:

Since we are given that the average for the five days was 75.50, let’s compare each of the four given days to the average.

Mon Tues Wed Thurs
+0.08 +0.13 -0.08 +0.02
Notice that +0.08 will cancel with -0.08; therefore, the total net gain from the 4 days is +0.15. Thus, we must have -0.15 on Friday to counter the net gain of +0.15, and so the closing price on Friday must be 75.50 - 0.15 = 75.35. (Note: When a list of numbers is given (but one of them is missing) and the average of the numbers is given, this method of finding the missing number is most useful when the given numbers are pretty close to the average.)

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Re: The table above shows the closing price of a stock during a week. If &nbs [#permalink] 16 Oct 2017, 16:20
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