GMAT Question of the Day - Daily to your Mailbox; hard ones only

It is currently 21 Sep 2018, 01:12

Close

GMAT Club Daily Prep

Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track
Your Progress

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Not interested in getting valuable practice questions and articles delivered to your email? No problem, unsubscribe here.

Close

Request Expert Reply

Confirm Cancel

The Ultimate Q51 Guide [Expert Level]

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  
Author Message
Math Revolution GMAT Instructor
User avatar
V
Joined: 16 Aug 2015
Posts: 6221
GMAT 1: 760 Q51 V42
GPA: 3.82
Premium Member
Re: The Ultimate Q51 Guide [Expert Level]  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 22 Nov 2017, 18:48
[GMAT math practice question]

I. 1/2,2/3,3/4,4/5,5/6
II. 1/2,1/3,1/4,1/5,1/6
III. 1/6,2/6,3/6,4/6,5/6

For which of the above lists is the average of the numbers less than the median of numbers?

A. I only
B. II only
C. III only
D. II and III
E. I, II and III

=>

I. The differences between the consecutive terms are 1/6 (= 2/3 – 1/2 ), 1/12 (= 3/4 – 2/3 ), 1/20 (= 4/5 – 3/4 ), and 1/30 (= 5/6 – 4/5). As these are decreasing, the average is smaller than the median.

II. The differences between consecutive terms are - 1/6(= 1/3 – 1/2),-1/12(= 1/4 – 1/3 ), - 1/20(= 1/5 – 1/4), and -1/30(= 1/6 – 1/5). As these are increasing, the average is larger than the median.

III. As the data are symmetric, the average and the median are equal.

Therefore, the answer is A

Answer: A
_________________

MathRevolution: Finish GMAT Quant Section with 10 minutes to spare
The one-and-only World’s First Variable Approach for DS and IVY Approach for PS with ease, speed and accuracy.
"Only $99 for 3 month Online Course"
"Free Resources-30 day online access & Diagnostic Test"
"Unlimited Access to over 120 free video lessons - try it yourself"

Math Revolution GMAT Instructor
User avatar
V
Joined: 16 Aug 2015
Posts: 6221
GMAT 1: 760 Q51 V42
GPA: 3.82
Premium Member
Re: The Ultimate Q51 Guide [Expert Level]  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 23 Nov 2017, 18:03
[GMAT math practice question]

Which of the following is true if -3<x<9?

A. |x-3|<4
B. |x-3|<5
C. |x-3|<6
D. |x-3|>4
E. |x-3|>5


=>

|x-a|<b
⟺ -b < x – a < b
⟺ a - b < x < a + b
So, a is the midpoint of the end points a – b and a + b, and
b is half the distance between the end points a – b and a + b.

The midpoint of -3 and 9 is [(-3)+9]/2 = 6/2 = 3. So, a = 3.
Since the distance between -3 and 9 is 12, b = 122 = 6.
Thus, |x-3| < 6.

Therefore, the answer is C.

Answer: C
_________________

MathRevolution: Finish GMAT Quant Section with 10 minutes to spare
The one-and-only World’s First Variable Approach for DS and IVY Approach for PS with ease, speed and accuracy.
"Only $99 for 3 month Online Course"
"Free Resources-30 day online access & Diagnostic Test"
"Unlimited Access to over 120 free video lessons - try it yourself"

Math Revolution GMAT Instructor
User avatar
V
Joined: 16 Aug 2015
Posts: 6221
GMAT 1: 760 Q51 V42
GPA: 3.82
Premium Member
Re: The Ultimate Q51 Guide [Expert Level]  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 26 Nov 2017, 18:37
[GMAT math practice question]

Is x>0?

1) x+1>0
2) |x+4| < |x-2|

=>

Forget conventional ways of solving math questions. For DS problems, the VA (Variable Approach) method is the quickest and easiest way to find the answer without actually solving the problem. Remember that equal numbers of variables and independent equations ensure a solution.

Since we have 1 variable (x) and 0 equations, D is most likely to be the answer.

Condition 1)
x + 1 > 0 x > -1
Since the range of the question does not include the range of the condition, this is not sufficient.

Condition 2)
|x+4| < |x-2|⟺|x+4|^2 < |x-2|^2⟺(x+4)^2 < (x-2)^2⟺x^2 + 8x + 16 < x^2 -4x + 4⟺8x + 16 < -4x + 4⟺12x < -12⟺x < -1
The answer is ‘no’.
By CMT (Common Mistake Type) 1, ‘no’ is also an answer.
This is sufficient.

Therefore, the answer is B.


If the original condition includes “1 variable”, or “2 variables and 1 equation”, or “3 variables and 2 equations” etc., one more equation is required to answer the question. If each of conditions 1) and 2) provide an additional equation, there is a 59% chance that D is the answer, a 38% chance that A or B is the answer, and a 3% chance that the answer is C or E. Thus, answer D (conditions 1) and 2), when applied separately, are sufficient to answer the question) is most likely, but there may be cases where the answer is A,B,C or E.

Answer: B
_________________

MathRevolution: Finish GMAT Quant Section with 10 minutes to spare
The one-and-only World’s First Variable Approach for DS and IVY Approach for PS with ease, speed and accuracy.
"Only $99 for 3 month Online Course"
"Free Resources-30 day online access & Diagnostic Test"
"Unlimited Access to over 120 free video lessons - try it yourself"

Math Revolution GMAT Instructor
User avatar
V
Joined: 16 Aug 2015
Posts: 6221
GMAT 1: 760 Q51 V42
GPA: 3.82
Premium Member
Re: The Ultimate Q51 Guide [Expert Level]  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 27 Nov 2017, 18:14
[GMAT math practice question]

A group ticket for admission to art gallery A costs $p for up to 10 people. Each additional person is charged an admission fee of $q. A group ticket for admission to museum M costs $r for up to 15 people. Each additional person is charged an admission fee of $s. If a group of 20 people visit both the art gallery A and the museum M, is the total cost of their admission to the art gallery less than the total cost of their admission to the museum?

1) p<r
2) q<s

=>
Forget conventional ways of solving math questions. For DS problems, the VA (Variable Approach) method is the quickest and easiest way to find the answer without actually solving the problem. Remember that equal numbers of variables and independent equations ensure a solution.

The question asks if p + (20 – 10)q = p + 10q is smaller than r + ( 20 – 15 )s = r + 5s.

Since we have 4 variables (p, q, r, and s) and 0 equations, E is most likely to be the answer.
Therefore, we should consider both conditions together first.

Conditions 1) & 2)
If p = 10, q = 20, r = 100, and s = 200, then p+10q=210<1,100=r+5s. The answer is ‘yes’.
If p = 10, q = 20, r = 11, and s = 21, then p+10q=210>116=r+5s. The answer is ‘no’.
So, conditions 1) & 2) are NOT sufficient when taken together.

Therefore, the answer is E, as expected.


In cases where 3 or more additional equations are required, such as for original conditions with “3 variables”, or “4 variables and 1 equation”, or “5 variables and 2 equations”, conditions 1) and 2) usually supply only one additional equation. Therefore, there is an 80% chance that E is the answer, a 15% chance that C is the answer, and a 5% chance that the answer is A, B or D. Since E (i.e. conditions 1) & 2) are NOT sufficient, when taken together) is most likely to be the answer, it is generally most efficient to begin by checking the sufficiency of conditions 1) and 2), when taken together. Obviously, there may be occasions on which the answer is A, B, C or D.

Answer: E
_________________

MathRevolution: Finish GMAT Quant Section with 10 minutes to spare
The one-and-only World’s First Variable Approach for DS and IVY Approach for PS with ease, speed and accuracy.
"Only $99 for 3 month Online Course"
"Free Resources-30 day online access & Diagnostic Test"
"Unlimited Access to over 120 free video lessons - try it yourself"

Math Revolution GMAT Instructor
User avatar
V
Joined: 16 Aug 2015
Posts: 6221
GMAT 1: 760 Q51 V42
GPA: 3.82
Premium Member
Re: The Ultimate Q51 Guide [Expert Level]  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 28 Nov 2017, 18:03
[GMAT math practice question]

What is the value of x in the list {36, 47, 51, 65, x}?

1) The median of the 5 values is 51.
2) The range of the 5 values is 29.

=>

Forget conventional ways of solving math questions. For DS problems, the VA (Variable Approach) method is the quickest and easiest way to find the answer without actually solving the problem. Remember that equal numbers of variables and independent equations ensure a solution.

Since we have 1 variable (x) and 0 equations, D is most likely to be the answer.

Condition 1)
Since the median is 51, x could be any value greater than or equal to 51.
This is NOT sufficient.

Condition 2)
Since the range is 29=65-36, x could be any value between 36 and 65, inclusive.
This is NOT sufficient.

Conditions 1) and 2)
Condition 1) tells us that x could be any value greater than or equal to 51, while condition 2) tells us that x could be any value between 36 and 65, inclusive. Combining these ranges tells us that x could be any value between 51 and 65, inclusive.
Therefore, the two conditions are NOT sufficient, when considered together.
The answer is E.

If the original condition includes “1 variable”, or “2 variables and 1 equation”, or “3 variables and 2 equations” etc., one more equation is required to answer the question. If each of conditions 1) and 2) provide an additional equation, there is a 59% chance that D is the answer, a 38% chance that A or B is the answer, and a 3% chance that the answer is C or E. Thus, answer D (conditions 1) and 2), when applied separately, are sufficient to answer the question) is most likely, but there may be cases where the answer is A,B,C or E.


Answer: E
_________________

MathRevolution: Finish GMAT Quant Section with 10 minutes to spare
The one-and-only World’s First Variable Approach for DS and IVY Approach for PS with ease, speed and accuracy.
"Only $99 for 3 month Online Course"
"Free Resources-30 day online access & Diagnostic Test"
"Unlimited Access to over 120 free video lessons - try it yourself"

Math Revolution GMAT Instructor
User avatar
V
Joined: 16 Aug 2015
Posts: 6221
GMAT 1: 760 Q51 V42
GPA: 3.82
Premium Member
Re: The Ultimate Q51 Guide [Expert Level]  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 30 Nov 2017, 01:33
[GMAT math practice question]

If r is an integer, and 700 < 10!/(10-r)!<1,000, then r=?

A. 1
B. 2
C. 3
D. 4
E. 5


=>

Note that
10!/(10-r)! = 10 * (10-1) * … * (10-r+1).

Test different values of r:
r=1 : 10
r=2 : 10 * 9 = 90
r=3 : 10 * 9 * 8 = 720
r=4 : 10 * 9 * 8 * 7 = 5040

Therefore, r = 3.

The answer is C.

Answer: C
_________________

MathRevolution: Finish GMAT Quant Section with 10 minutes to spare
The one-and-only World’s First Variable Approach for DS and IVY Approach for PS with ease, speed and accuracy.
"Only $99 for 3 month Online Course"
"Free Resources-30 day online access & Diagnostic Test"
"Unlimited Access to over 120 free video lessons - try it yourself"

Math Revolution GMAT Instructor
User avatar
V
Joined: 16 Aug 2015
Posts: 6221
GMAT 1: 760 Q51 V42
GPA: 3.82
Premium Member
Re: The Ultimate Q51 Guide [Expert Level]  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 30 Nov 2017, 19:04
[GMAT math practice question]

What is the value of x?

1) x^{2x}=1
2) x^x=1

=>

Forget conventional ways of solving math questions. For DS problems, the VA (Variable Approach) method is the quickest and easiest way to find the answer without actually solving the problem. Remember that equal numbers of variables and independent equations ensure a solution.

Since we have 1 variable (x) and 0 equations, D is most likely to be the answer.

00 lies outside the scope of the GMAT exam.

Condition 1)
There are two possible solutions: x = 1 and x = -1. Since the solution is not unique, this condition is not sufficient.

Condition 2)
We have the unique solution x = 1. Since this solution is unique, this condition is sufficient.

Therefore, the answer is B.

If the original condition includes “1 variable”, or “2 variables and 1 equation”, or “3 variables and 2 equations” etc., one more equation is required to answer the question. If each of conditions 1) and 2) provide an additional equation, there is a 59% chance that D is the answer, a 38% chance that A or B is the answer, and a 3% chance that the answer is C or E. Thus, answer D (conditions 1) and 2), when applied separately, are sufficient to answer the question) is most likely, but there may be cases where the answer is A,B,C or E.
Answer: B
_________________

MathRevolution: Finish GMAT Quant Section with 10 minutes to spare
The one-and-only World’s First Variable Approach for DS and IVY Approach for PS with ease, speed and accuracy.
"Only $99 for 3 month Online Course"
"Free Resources-30 day online access & Diagnostic Test"
"Unlimited Access to over 120 free video lessons - try it yourself"

Math Revolution GMAT Instructor
User avatar
V
Joined: 16 Aug 2015
Posts: 6221
GMAT 1: 760 Q51 V42
GPA: 3.82
Premium Member
Re: The Ultimate Q51 Guide [Expert Level]  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 03 Dec 2017, 18:44
[GMAT math practice question]

For which value of x will y=ax^2+100x+b have a maximum in the xy-plane?

1) b=100
2) a=-4

=>

Forget conventional ways of solving math questions. For DS problems, the VA (Variable Approach) method is the quickest and easiest way to find the answer without actually solving the problem. Remember that equal numbers of variables and independent equations ensure a solution.

The first step of the VA (Variable Approach) method is to modify the original condition and the question, and then recheck the numbers of variables and equations.

We can modify the original condition and question as follows:

If a < 0, the function will have a maximum at x = (-100)/(2a) = (-50)/a.
If a > 0, the function has no maximum. So, to answer the question, we need to find the value of a.
Thus, condition 2) is sufficient.

Note: condition 1) cannot be sufficient as it provides no information about the value of a.

Therefore, the answer is B.

Answer: B
_________________

MathRevolution: Finish GMAT Quant Section with 10 minutes to spare
The one-and-only World’s First Variable Approach for DS and IVY Approach for PS with ease, speed and accuracy.
"Only $99 for 3 month Online Course"
"Free Resources-30 day online access & Diagnostic Test"
"Unlimited Access to over 120 free video lessons - try it yourself"

Math Revolution GMAT Instructor
User avatar
V
Joined: 16 Aug 2015
Posts: 6221
GMAT 1: 760 Q51 V42
GPA: 3.82
Premium Member
Re: The Ultimate Q51 Guide [Expert Level]  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 04 Dec 2017, 18:23
[GMAT math practice question]

For positive integers x and y, x@y is defined by x@y=(x+y)/xy. If a, b, and c are positive integers, what is the value of 1/a@1/(1/b@1/c)?

A. a+b+c
B. 1/abc
C. 1/(a+b+c)
D. 1/(ab+bc+ca)
E. 3/abc

=>

We can simplify the definition of the operation in the following way:
x@y=(x+y)/xy = x/(xy) + y/(xy) = 1/x+1/y.
So,
1/a@1/(1/b@1/c) = a + (1/b @1/ c) = a + ( b + c ).

Therefore, the answer is A.
Answer: A
_________________

MathRevolution: Finish GMAT Quant Section with 10 minutes to spare
The one-and-only World’s First Variable Approach for DS and IVY Approach for PS with ease, speed and accuracy.
"Only $99 for 3 month Online Course"
"Free Resources-30 day online access & Diagnostic Test"
"Unlimited Access to over 120 free video lessons - try it yourself"

Math Revolution GMAT Instructor
User avatar
V
Joined: 16 Aug 2015
Posts: 6221
GMAT 1: 760 Q51 V42
GPA: 3.82
Premium Member
Re: The Ultimate Q51 Guide [Expert Level]  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 05 Dec 2017, 18:01
[GMAT math practice question]

When 2 fair dice are tossed, what is the probability that the difference between the 2 numbers that land face up will be 3?

A. 1/6
B. 1/3
C. 1/2
D. 2/3
E. 5/6

=>

6 pairs of numbers with this property can appear on the dice: (1,4), (4,1), (2,5), (5,2), (3,6) and (6,3). The total number of outcomes from rolling two dice is 36.
Thus, the probability that the two numbers will have a difference of 3 is 6/36 = 1/6.
Therefore, the answer is A.

Answer : A
_________________

MathRevolution: Finish GMAT Quant Section with 10 minutes to spare
The one-and-only World’s First Variable Approach for DS and IVY Approach for PS with ease, speed and accuracy.
"Only $99 for 3 month Online Course"
"Free Resources-30 day online access & Diagnostic Test"
"Unlimited Access to over 120 free video lessons - try it yourself"

Math Revolution GMAT Instructor
User avatar
V
Joined: 16 Aug 2015
Posts: 6221
GMAT 1: 760 Q51 V42
GPA: 3.82
Premium Member
Re: The Ultimate Q51 Guide [Expert Level]  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 07 Dec 2017, 18:58
[GMAT math practice question]

How many real numbers x satisfy ||x-3|-4|=4?

A. 1
B. 2
C. 3
D. 4
E. 5

=>

| |x-3| - 4 | = 4
⇔ |x-3| - 4= ± 4
⇔ |x-3| = 4 ± 4
⇔ |x-3| = 8 or |x-3| = 0
⇔ x-3 = ±8 or x-3 = 0
⇔ x = 3 ± 8 or x = 3
⇔ x = 11, x = -5 or x = 3

The equation has 3 solutions.

Therefore, the answer is C.

Answer : C
_________________

MathRevolution: Finish GMAT Quant Section with 10 minutes to spare
The one-and-only World’s First Variable Approach for DS and IVY Approach for PS with ease, speed and accuracy.
"Only $99 for 3 month Online Course"
"Free Resources-30 day online access & Diagnostic Test"
"Unlimited Access to over 120 free video lessons - try it yourself"

Math Revolution GMAT Instructor
User avatar
V
Joined: 16 Aug 2015
Posts: 6221
GMAT 1: 760 Q51 V42
GPA: 3.82
Premium Member
Re: The Ultimate Q51 Guide [Expert Level]  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 10 Dec 2017, 18:16
[GMAT math practice question]

|x-y|=?

1) x and y are different integers
2) xy=4

=>

Forget conventional ways of solving math questions. For DS problems, the VA (Variable Approach) method is the quickest and easiest way to find the answer without actually solving the problem. Remember that equal numbers of variables and independent equations ensure a solution.

Since we have 2 variables (x and y) and 0 equations, C is most likely to be the answer. So, we should consider conditions 1) & 2) together first.

Condition 1) & 2)
Since x and y are different integers, xy = 4 has the following four solutions:
x = 1, y = 4
x = 4, y = 1
x = -1, y = -4
x = -4, y = -1
In all cases, |x-y| = 3.
Thus, both conditions 1) and 2) together are sufficient.

Therefore, C is the answer.

In cases where 3 or more additional equations are required, such as for original conditions with “3 variables”, or “4 variables and 1 equation”, or “5 variables and 2 equations”, conditions 1) and 2) usually supply only one additional equation. Therefore, there is an 80% chance that E is the answer, a 15% chance that C is the answer, and a 5% chance that the answer is A, B or D. Since E (i.e. conditions 1) & 2) are NOT sufficient, when taken together) is most likely to be the answer, it is generally most efficient to begin by checking the sufficiency of conditions 1) and 2), when taken together. Obviously, there may be occasions on which the answer is A, B, C or D.
Answer: C
_________________

MathRevolution: Finish GMAT Quant Section with 10 minutes to spare
The one-and-only World’s First Variable Approach for DS and IVY Approach for PS with ease, speed and accuracy.
"Only $99 for 3 month Online Course"
"Free Resources-30 day online access & Diagnostic Test"
"Unlimited Access to over 120 free video lessons - try it yourself"

Math Revolution GMAT Instructor
User avatar
V
Joined: 16 Aug 2015
Posts: 6221
GMAT 1: 760 Q51 V42
GPA: 3.82
Premium Member
Re: The Ultimate Q51 Guide [Expert Level]  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 11 Dec 2017, 18:13
[GMAT math practice question]

Is x= a^b>0?

1) a is positive
2) b is a prime number

=>

Forget conventional ways of solving math questions. For DS problems, the VA (Variable Approach) method is the quickest and easiest way to find the answer without actually solving the problem. Remember that equal numbers of variables and independent equations ensure a solution.

The first step of the VA method is to modify the original condition and the question, and then recheck the question.

Condition 1)
If a > 0, then a^b>0. The answer is ‘yes’.
So, this condition is sufficient.

Condition 2)
For a = 2, b = 2, we have a^b = 2^2 = 4 > 0, and the answer is ‘no’.
For a = -2, b = 3, we have a^b = (-2)^2 = -8 < 0, and the answer is ‘yes’.
So, condition 2) is not sufficient.
Therefore, the answer is A.
Normally, in problems which require 2 or more additional equations, such as those in which the original conditions include 2 variables, or 3 variables and 1 equation, or 4 variables and 2 equations, each of conditions 1) and 2) provide an additional equation. In these problems, the two key possibilities are that C is the answer (with probability 70%), and E is the answer (with probability 25%). Thus, there is only a 5% chance that A, B or D is the answer. This occurs in common mistake types 3 and 4. Since C (both conditions together are sufficient) is the most likely answer, we save time by first checking whether conditions 1) and 2) are sufficient, when taken together. Obviously, there may be cases in which the answer is A, B, D or E, but if conditions 1) and 2) are NOT sufficient when taken together, the answer must be E).

Answer: A
_________________

MathRevolution: Finish GMAT Quant Section with 10 minutes to spare
The one-and-only World’s First Variable Approach for DS and IVY Approach for PS with ease, speed and accuracy.
"Only $99 for 3 month Online Course"
"Free Resources-30 day online access & Diagnostic Test"
"Unlimited Access to over 120 free video lessons - try it yourself"

Math Revolution GMAT Instructor
User avatar
V
Joined: 16 Aug 2015
Posts: 6221
GMAT 1: 760 Q51 V42
GPA: 3.82
Premium Member
Re: The Ultimate Q51 Guide [Expert Level]  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 12 Dec 2017, 17:59
[GMAT math practice question]

What is the remainder when 7^{30} is divided by 100?

A. 19
B. 29
C. 39
D. 49
E. 59

=>

The tens digit of 7^k cycles through 0-->4-->4--->0--->0-->…..
The units digit of 7^k cycles through 7-->9-->3--->1--->7-->…..

Since 30=4(7)+2, 7^{30}=7^{4(7)+2} ends in 49.

Therefore, the answer is D.

Answer: D
_________________

MathRevolution: Finish GMAT Quant Section with 10 minutes to spare
The one-and-only World’s First Variable Approach for DS and IVY Approach for PS with ease, speed and accuracy.
"Only $99 for 3 month Online Course"
"Free Resources-30 day online access & Diagnostic Test"
"Unlimited Access to over 120 free video lessons - try it yourself"

Math Revolution GMAT Instructor
User avatar
V
Joined: 16 Aug 2015
Posts: 6221
GMAT 1: 760 Q51 V42
GPA: 3.82
Premium Member
Re: The Ultimate Q51 Guide [Expert Level]  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 14 Dec 2017, 18:17
[GMAT math practice question]

If n is the sum of the first 40 positive integers, what is the greatest prime factor of n?

A. 11
B. 29
C. 31
D. 41
E. 53

=>
n = 1 + 2 + … + 40 = 40∙41/2 = 20∙41 = 2^2∙5∙41.
Thus the greatest prime factor of n is 41.
Therefore, the answer is D.

Answer: D
_________________

MathRevolution: Finish GMAT Quant Section with 10 minutes to spare
The one-and-only World’s First Variable Approach for DS and IVY Approach for PS with ease, speed and accuracy.
"Only $99 for 3 month Online Course"
"Free Resources-30 day online access & Diagnostic Test"
"Unlimited Access to over 120 free video lessons - try it yourself"

Math Revolution GMAT Instructor
User avatar
V
Joined: 16 Aug 2015
Posts: 6221
GMAT 1: 760 Q51 V42
GPA: 3.82
Premium Member
Re: The Ultimate Q51 Guide [Expert Level]  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 18 Dec 2017, 00:33
[GMAT math practice question]

Is 1+x+x^2+x^3+x^4<1/(1-x)?

1) x>0
2) x<1

=>

Forget conventional ways of solving math questions. For DS problems, the VA (Variable Approach) method is the quickest and easiest way to find the answer without actually solving the problem. Remember that equal numbers of variables and independent equations ensure a solution.

The first step of VA(Variable Approach) method is modifying the original condition and the question, and rechecking the number of variables and the number of equations.

Modifying the question:
1+x+x^2+x^3+x^4<1/(1-x)
⇔ (1+x+x^2+x^3+x^4)(1-x)^2<(1-x)
⇔ (1-x^5)(1-x)<(1-x)
⇔ 1-x^5-x+x^6<1-x
⇔ x^6-x^5<0
⇔ x^5(x-1)<0
⇔ x(x-1)<0
⇔ 0<x<1

The question asks if 0<x<1.
This question has the unique answer, ‘yes’, if we require both x>0 and x<1.
Thus, both conditions together are sufficient.

Therefore, C is the answer.

In cases where 3 or more additional equations are required, such as for original conditions with “3 variables”, or “4 variables and 1 equation”, or “5 variables and 2 equations”, conditions 1) and 2) usually supply only one additional equation. Therefore, there is an 80% chance that E is the answer, a 15% chance that C is the answer, and a 5% chance that the answer is A, B or D. Since E (i.e. conditions 1) & 2) are NOT sufficient, when taken together) is most likely to be the answer, it is generally most efficient to begin by checking the sufficiency of conditions 1) and 2), when taken together. Obviously, there may be occasions on which the answer is A, B, C or D.
Answer: C

_________________

MathRevolution: Finish GMAT Quant Section with 10 minutes to spare
The one-and-only World’s First Variable Approach for DS and IVY Approach for PS with ease, speed and accuracy.
"Only $99 for 3 month Online Course"
"Free Resources-30 day online access & Diagnostic Test"
"Unlimited Access to over 120 free video lessons - try it yourself"

Math Revolution GMAT Instructor
User avatar
V
Joined: 16 Aug 2015
Posts: 6221
GMAT 1: 760 Q51 V42
GPA: 3.82
Premium Member
Re: The Ultimate Q51 Guide [Expert Level]  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 20 Dec 2017, 02:11
[GMAT math practice question]

If x is an integer and |x|+(x/3)<5, what is the value of x?

1) x>-12
2) x<-6

=>

Forget conventional ways of solving math questions. For DS problems, the VA (Variable Approach) method is the quickest and easiest way to find the answer without actually solving the problem. Remember that equal numbers of variables and independent equations ensure a solution.

The first step of VA(Variable Approach) method is modifying the original condition and the question, and rechecking the number of variables and the number of equations.

Modifying the original condition:
There are two cases to consider.
Case 1) x ≥ 0
|x|+(x/3)<5
⇔ x + x/3 < 5
⇔ (4/3)x < 5
⇔ x < 15/4
⇔ x = 0, 1, 2, 3

Case 2) x < 0
|x|+(x/3)<5
⇔ -x + x/3 < 5
⇔ -(2/3)x <5
⇔ x > -15/2
⇔ x > -7.5
⇔ x = -7, -6, -5, -4, -3, -2 or -1

The question asks for the value of x if x is one of -7, -6, -5, …, 0, 1, 2, 3. Since we have 1 variable (x), D is most likely to be the answer.

Condition 1)
All of the possible values of x are greater than -12. Therefore, we do not have a unique solution, and this condition is not sufficient.

Condition 2)
The only possible value of x is -7. Since we have a unique solution, condition 2) is sufficient.

Therefore, B is the answer.

Answer: B
_________________

MathRevolution: Finish GMAT Quant Section with 10 minutes to spare
The one-and-only World’s First Variable Approach for DS and IVY Approach for PS with ease, speed and accuracy.
"Only $99 for 3 month Online Course"
"Free Resources-30 day online access & Diagnostic Test"
"Unlimited Access to over 120 free video lessons - try it yourself"

Math Revolution GMAT Instructor
User avatar
V
Joined: 16 Aug 2015
Posts: 6221
GMAT 1: 760 Q51 V42
GPA: 3.82
Premium Member
Re: The Ultimate Q51 Guide [Expert Level]  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 20 Dec 2017, 18:29
[GMAT math practice question]

Is |s+t| < |s|+|t|?

1) s>t
2) st<0

=>
Forget conventional ways of solving math questions. For DS problems, the VA (Variable Approach) method is the quickest and easiest way to find the answer without actually solving the problem. Remember that equal numbers of variables and independent equations ensure a solution.

The first step of the VA (Variable Approach) method is to modify the original condition and the question, and then recheck the question.

Modifying the question:
|s+t| < |s|+|t|
⇔ |s+t|^2 < (|s|+|t|)^2
⇔ (s+t)^2 < (|s|+|t|)^2
⇔ s^2 + 2st + t^2 < |s|^2 + 2|s||t|+ |t|^2
⇔ s^2 + 2st + t2 < s^2 + 2|s||t|+ t^2
⇔ 2st < 2|s||t|
⇔ st < |st|
⇔ st < 0

This is exactly condition 2).

Therefore, the answer is B.

Answer: B
_________________

MathRevolution: Finish GMAT Quant Section with 10 minutes to spare
The one-and-only World’s First Variable Approach for DS and IVY Approach for PS with ease, speed and accuracy.
"Only $99 for 3 month Online Course"
"Free Resources-30 day online access & Diagnostic Test"
"Unlimited Access to over 120 free video lessons - try it yourself"

Math Revolution GMAT Instructor
User avatar
V
Joined: 16 Aug 2015
Posts: 6221
GMAT 1: 760 Q51 V42
GPA: 3.82
Premium Member
Re: The Ultimate Q51 Guide [Expert Level]  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 22 Dec 2017, 06:50
[GMAT math practice question]

If x and y are integers, is x^3-y^3 an odd integer?

1) x is an odd number
2) x and y are consecutive integers

=>

Forget conventional ways of solving math questions. For DS problems, the VA (Variable Approach) method is the quickest and easiest way to find the answer without actually solving the problem. Remember that equal numbers of variables and independent equations ensure a solution.

The first step of the VA (Variable Approach) method is to modify the original condition and the question, and then recheck the question.

We can modify the original condition and question as follows.
There are two different ways in which x^3-y^3 can be odd:
x is even and y is odd.
x is odd and y is even.

Since condition 2) tells us that x and y are consecutive integers, one of them must be odd, and the other must be even. In both cases, the answer is ‘yes’.
Therefore, condition 2) is sufficient.

As condition 1) gives us no information about y, it is not sufficient.

Therefore, B is the answer.

Normally, in problems which require 2 or more additional equations, such as those in which the original conditions include 2 variables, or 3 variables and 1 equation, or 4 variables and 2 equations, each of conditions 1) and 2) provide an additional equation. In these problems, the two key possibilities are that C is the answer (with probability 70%), and E is the answer (with probability 25%). Thus, there is only a 5% chance that A, B or D is the answer. This occurs in common mistake types 3 and 4. Since C (both conditions together are sufficient) is the most likely answer, we save time by first checking whether conditions 1) and 2) are sufficient, when taken together. Obviously, there may be cases in which the answer is A, B, D or E, but if conditions 1) and 2) are NOT sufficient when taken together, the answer must be E.

Answer: B
_________________

MathRevolution: Finish GMAT Quant Section with 10 minutes to spare
The one-and-only World’s First Variable Approach for DS and IVY Approach for PS with ease, speed and accuracy.
"Only $99 for 3 month Online Course"
"Free Resources-30 day online access & Diagnostic Test"
"Unlimited Access to over 120 free video lessons - try it yourself"

Math Revolution GMAT Instructor
User avatar
V
Joined: 16 Aug 2015
Posts: 6221
GMAT 1: 760 Q51 V42
GPA: 3.82
Premium Member
Re: The Ultimate Q51 Guide [Expert Level]  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 25 Dec 2017, 18:10
[GMAT math practice question]

I, …, E, …, M, …, S, …, K, …, W, … Z
The frequencies of the appearance of the letters from ‘A’ to ‘Z’ in a book are listed in decreasing order as shown above. ‘I’ is the most frequently occurring letter. The book contains a total of 100,000 alphabetic characters. Is the probability of randomly selecting an ‘S’ from the alphabetic characters appearing in the book greater than 1/27?

1) The probability of selecting ‘M’ is greater than 1/27.
2) The probability of selecting ‘K’ is greater than 1/26.

=>

Forget conventional ways of solving math questions. For DS problems, the VA (Variable Approach) method is the quickest and easiest way to find the answer without actually solving the problem. Remember that equal numbers of variables and independent equations ensure a solution.

Since we have 3 variables which are the probability of S, P(S), that of M, P(M) and that of K, P(K) and we have 1 equation which is P(M) > P(S) > P(K), C is most likely to be the answer and so we should consider both conditions 1) & 2) together first.

Conditions 1) & 2)
Since P(M) > P(S) > P(K) > 1/26 > 1/27, both conditions together are sufficient.

Since this is an inequality question (one of the key question areas), we should also consider choices A and B by CMT 4(A).

Condition 1)
If P(M) > P(S) = 1/27, the answer is ‘no’.
If P(M) = 1/25 and P(S) = 1/26 > 1/27, the answer is ‘yes’.
Thus, condition 1) is not sufficient.

Condition 2)
Since P(S) > P(K) > 1/26 > 1/27, condition 2) is sufficient.

Therefore, B is the answer.

Normally, in problems which require 2 or more additional equations, such as those in which the original conditions include 2 variables, or 3 variables and 1 equation, or 4 variables and 2 equations, each of conditions 1) and 2) provide an additional equation. In these problems, the two key possibilities are that C is the answer (with probability 70%), and E is the answer (with probability 25%). Thus, there is only a 5% chance that A, B or D is the answer. This occurs in common mistake types 3 and 4. Since C (both conditions together are sufficient) is the most likely answer, we save time by first checking whether conditions 1) and 2) are sufficient, when taken together. Obviously, there may be cases in which the answer is A, B, D or E, but if conditions 1) and 2) are NOT sufficient when taken together, the answer must be E.

Answer: B
_________________

MathRevolution: Finish GMAT Quant Section with 10 minutes to spare
The one-and-only World’s First Variable Approach for DS and IVY Approach for PS with ease, speed and accuracy.
"Only $99 for 3 month Online Course"
"Free Resources-30 day online access & Diagnostic Test"
"Unlimited Access to over 120 free video lessons - try it yourself"

Re: The Ultimate Q51 Guide [Expert Level] &nbs [#permalink] 25 Dec 2017, 18:10

Go to page   Previous    1  ...  17   18   19   20   21   22   23  ...  30    Next  [ 593 posts ] 

Display posts from previous: Sort by

The Ultimate Q51 Guide [Expert Level]

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  

Moderator: HKD1710

Events & Promotions

PREV
NEXT
HOT DEALS FOR SEPTEMBER
e-GMAT: Free 30 day Access! 25+ Video Lessons | 400+ Practice Questions | 7 Free Webinars
Economist GMAT - Free Free 1-week trial + Free Test
examPAL Full GMAT video course - Save 10%
Target Test Prep - Save $800 $50 Discount + $750 Bonus [GMAT Club
Tests and Premium MBA Bundle]
EMPOWERgmat - $85/mo GMAT Club tests included 2nd month GMAT Prep Exams 3, 4, 5 & 6
Kaplan Courses - Save $475 $225 Discount + $250 Bonus
Math Revolution - $99/3 mo Free 1-month trial + Diagnostic Test
GMAT Club Tests - Free Included with every course purchase
of $149 or more - Full List is here


GMAT Club MBA Forum Home| About| Terms and Conditions and Privacy Policy| GMAT Club Rules| Contact| Sitemap

Powered by phpBB © phpBB Group | Emoji artwork provided by EmojiOne

Kindly note that the GMAT® test is a registered trademark of the Graduate Management Admission Council®, and this site has neither been reviewed nor endorsed by GMAC®.