Hi All,

This is a relatively rare concept on the GMAT, but there are certain percentages that will "offset" one another in the way that this question describes. The simplest pairing is a 25% increase will be offset by a 20% decrease.

Here's the proof:

Starting value = 100

25% increase = 100 + (.25)(100) = 125

20% decrease = 125 - (.2)(125) = 100

Ending value = 100

So we would be looking for an answer that equals 20 when A=25. While the answers might appear 'complex', you can actually avoid much of the 'math' if you just fill in the parts and take a good look at what you have...

Answer A: (200)(25)/(150) ... since 200>150, this answer will be greater than 25. ELIMINATE A.

Answer B: (100)(25)/125) = (100)(1/5) = 20 This is a MATCH.

Answer C: (25)(27)/(26)2 ... nothing 'cancels out', so this cannot = 20. ELIMINATE C.

Answer D: (25)(225)/10000... the 'units' digit of the numerator is a 5; when dividing by 10,000, this won't end in a 0. ELIMINATE D.

Answer E: (50/25) + 50 = 52. ELIMINATE E.

Final Answer:

GMAT assassins aren't born, they're made,

Rich

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