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The volume of the aquarium, when made with glass, is not as numerous a

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The volume of the aquarium, when made with glass, is not as numerous a  [#permalink]

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New post 21 Nov 2018, 09:49
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The volume of the aquarium, when made with glass, is not as numerous as the volume of the plastic aquarium.

(A) The volume of the aquarium, when made with glass, is not as numerous as the volume of the plastic aquarium.
(B) The volume of the aquarium, which is made with glass, is not as numerous as the volume of the plastic aquarium.
(C) The volume of the aquarium, which is made with glass, is greater than the volume of the plastic aquarium.
(D) Made of glass, the volume of the aquarium is lesser than the volume of the plastic aquarium.
(E) When the aquarium is made of glass, the volume is less than the volume of the plastic aquarium.


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The volume of the aquarium, when made with glass, is not as numerous a  [#permalink]

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New post 22 Nov 2018, 11:52
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nkin wrote:
The volume of the aquarium, when made with glass, is not as numerous as the volume of the plastic aquarium.

(A) The volume of the aquarium, when made with glass, is not as numerous as the volume of the plastic aquarium.
(B) The volume of the aquarium, which is made with glass, is not as numerous as the volume of the plastic aquarium.
(C) The volume of the aquarium, which is made with glass, is greater than the volume of the plastic aquarium.
(D) Made of glass, the volume of the aquarium is lesser than the volume of the plastic aquarium.
(E) When the aquarium is made of glass, the volume is less than the volume of the plastic aquarium.


sashikarri , vanam52923 , daagh (see definition of volume in context; it may help)
In this question, the correct answer is a zero conditional in disguise (see below).

• First, eliminate A and B for "numerous."

Correct: This canister contains as much volume as that canister.
Wrong: This canister contains as numerous volume as that canister. :(

Volume is not itself countable in this context.

Volume = the amount of space that is enclosed within a container Cambridge Dictionary online, HERE. An amount of space in which to contain something - volume -- is a capacity.

Think of other capacities to remember that a capacity is not countable:
She has less love for her pet lizard than she has for her dog.

The love she has for her pet lizard is not as numerous as the love she has for her dog? No.

Love, patience, tenacity, etc. are capacities.
Volume is a capacity.
Capacity cannot be counted.
One patience, two patiences. :(

For uncountable amounts, we use LESS than.

• Eliminate (D) for "lesser."
Again, we use LESS than for volume.
Less is already comparative.
"Small," by contrast, is not comparative, so we use "smallER."
"Lesser" is not a quantifer. Lesser is an adjective that usually means "of inferior quality."

• (C) The volume of the aquarium, which is made with glass, is greater than the volume of the plastic aquarium.

Eliminate (C) because it uses WHICH to distinguish a glass from a plastic aquarium.

The WHICH clause IS correctly set off by commas. The result of those commas, however, leads to an incorrect sentence in which "made of glass" can be removed.

The WHICH clause incorrectly signals that "made of glass" is NONessential. We can remove nonessential modifiers.

If we have
-- which [and commas]? Non-essential
-- THAT and NO commas? Essential

Remove the allegedly "non-essential" WHICH clause:

The volume of the aquarium . . . is greater than the volume of the plastic aquarium.
Nonsense. Eliminate C

Option E remains.

Conditionals/Statements of fact

Option E is actually a zero conditional in disguise.

If we have statements of fact that have no exceptions or qualifiers, and the answer choices seem odd, look for a zero conditional.

Conditionals are IF/THEN constructs.

Zero conditionals

Zero conditionals almost always use the words if and then, but there really is no doubt about outcome.

Zero conditionals are used to express general truths and facts.
If she eats peanuts, then she has a dangerous allergic reaction.

If this thing happens, then that thing happens.

The time frame is now (and always).

If an aquarium is made of glass, then it will have less volume than an aquarium made of plastic.

Zero conditionals can use the word "when" instead of "if."

Zero conditionals and the use of WHEN

When does THAT thing happen if THIS thing happens? ALWAYS.
We are allowed to use "when."

WHEN this thing happens, then that thing happens.

Correct: If it rains, the ground gets wet.

Correct: When it rains, the ground gets wet.

Correct: The ground gets wet when it rains.

This resource about conditionals is among the best I have found.

Finally, we transform the IF statement above

WHEN an aquarium is made of glass, [then] it will have less volume than an aquarium made of plastic.

That sentence is very close to Option E:

When the aquarium is made of glass, the volume is less than the volume of the plastic aquarium.

Option E is correct.
This question is hard because ONLY option E is a hidden zero conditional,
and it contains the word "when."
In this case, "when" is correct.

Answer E

Hope that helps.
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Re: The volume of the aquarium, when made with glass, is not as numerous a  [#permalink]

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New post 22 Nov 2018, 12:15
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generis, thank you so much for that explanation! I was actually of the opinion that "When" was probably incorrect in E, until I read through your post!

Just to add to the discussion, when I looked at the question here's how I approached it and chose the best option:

(A) The volume of the aquarium, when made with glass, is not as numerous as the volume of the plastic aquarium.
Here numerous is incorrect since volume is not really countable such as 1 volume or 2 volumes.

(B) The volume of the aquarium, which is made with glass, is not as numerous as the volume of the plastic aquarium.
Similar to (A), numerous cannot be used to show comparison of volumes.

(C) The volume of the aquarium, which is made with glass, is greater than the volume of the plastic aquarium.
This option changes meaning of the original sentence.

(D) Made of glass, the volume of the aquarium is lesser than the volume of the plastic aquarium.
"Made of glass" is modifying "the volume". The volume is not made of glass, the aquarium is. Also I was not sure of the usage of the phrase "lesser than". I thought it should always be "less than" for uncountable nouns and "fewer than" for countable nouns. Please correct me here if this is incorrect.

(E) When the aquarium is made of glass, the volume is less than the volume of the plastic aquarium.
This seemed like the only option with no real errors that stood out like the other ones, except for the usage of "when" which generis clarified.

Hope this adds some more value!
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The volume of the aquarium, when made with glass, is not as numerous a  [#permalink]

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New post 22 Nov 2018, 12:26
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nkin wrote:
generis, thank you so much for that explanation! I was actually of the opinion that "When" was probably incorrect in E, until I read through your post!

Just to add to the discussion, when I looked at the question here's how I approached it and chose the best option:

(A) The volume of the aquarium, when made with glass, is not as numerous as the volume of the plastic aquarium.
Here numerous is incorrect since volume is not really countable such as 1 volume or 2 volumes.

(B) The volume of the aquarium, which is made with glass, is not as numerous as the volume of the plastic aquarium.
Similar to (A), numerous cannot be used to show comparison of volumes.

(C) The volume of the aquarium, which is made with glass, is greater than the volume of the plastic aquarium.
This option changes meaning of the original sentence.

(D) Made of glass, the volume of the aquarium is lesser than the volume of the plastic aquarium.
"Made of glass" is modifying "the volume". The volume is not made of glass, the aquarium is. Also I was not sure of the usage of the phrase "lesser than". I thought it should always be "less than" for uncountable nouns and "fewer than" for countable nouns. Please correct me here if this is incorrect.

(E) When the aquarium is made of glass, the volume is less than the volume of the plastic aquarium.
This seemed like the only option with no real errors that stood out like the other ones, except for the usage of "when" which generis clarified.

Hope this adds some more value!
nkin, whom I forgot to tag initially . . .
After realizing that I had not accounted for the FOUR other options, :( I edited my post. I did so as you were posting.
(I didn't see the additional post.) +1 to you.

(C) does not necessarily change the original meaning.

Option A does not determine the original meaning, although I think it's fair to say that if 4 of 5 options indicate one meaning, and only one indicates a different meaning, we are allowed to infer what the sentence is supposed to say.

The serious grammar issue in option C is that it is constructed with a non-essential modifier that is dispensable. In my post above, I removed the WHICH clause. Disaster.

However, if (C) had said ...

The volume of the aquarium THAT is made with glass is greater than the volume of the plastic aquarium.
... then we would have two correct options with diametrically opposed meanings.
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Re: The volume of the aquarium, when made with glass, is not as numerous a  [#permalink]

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New post 18 Dec 2018, 23:53
nkin wrote:
The volume of the aquarium, when made with glass, is not as numerous as the volume of the plastic aquarium.

(A) The volume of the aquarium, when made with glass, is not as numerous as the volume of the plastic aquarium.
(B) The volume of the aquarium, which is made with glass, is not as numerous as the volume of the plastic aquarium.
(C) The volume of the aquarium, which is made with glass, is greater than the volume of the plastic aquarium.
(D) Made of glass, the volume of the aquarium is lesser than the volume of the plastic aquarium.
(E) When the aquarium is made of glass, the volume is less than the volume of the plastic aquarium.



A, D- terrible modifier error, suggesting that "volume" is made of glass.
"numerous" is not the correct term for comparing volumes. So A, B are gone.

C and E also have their problems.
E is awkward in the "when..." construction.
In C, the positioning of "which is made with glass" between two commas fails to convey the intended meaning- a bigger problem.
E is the best of the 5.
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Re: The volume of the aquarium, when made with glass, is not as numerous a &nbs [#permalink] 18 Dec 2018, 23:53
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