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# The word supine can either refer to the physical position of

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The word supine can either refer to the physical position of  [#permalink]

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02 Aug 2014, 08:43
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60% (01:18) correct 40% (01:27) wrong based on 498 sessions

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The word supine can either refer to the physical position of lying down while facing upward or act as a metaphor for lethargy.

A. can either refer to the physical position of lying down while facing upward or act as
B. is either the physical position of lying down while facing upward or
C. is either the physical position of lying down while facing upward or acts as
D. can either be a reference to the physical position of lying down while facing upward or
E. can either refer to the physical position of lying down while facing upward or
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Re: The word supine can either refer to the physical position of  [#permalink]

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02 Aug 2014, 09:00
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goodyear2013 wrote:
The word supine can either refer to the physical position of lying down while facing upward or act as a metaphor for lethargy.

A. can either refer to the physical position of lying down while facing upward or act as
B. is either the physical position of lying down while facing upward or
C. is either the physical position of lying down while facing upward or acts as
D. can either be a reference to the physical position of lying down while facing upward or
E. can either refer to the physical position of lying down while facing upward or

For this you need to know:
1) supine, as a word is not a meaning. The word describes or refers to something. This is the difference between "Supine means..." and "The word supine is"
2) in the GMAT, if there are two options, one of them with more wasted words than the other, I always go with the more concise version.
3) "Supine" cannot refer to a metaphor - that doesn't make sense as a sentence. Act as a metaphor.
4) because of "can" you can have verbs would an "S" at the end" (for example: "he can jump." NOT "he can jumps.")

A. Correct
B. Violates 1
C. Violates 1
D. Violates 1 and 2
E. violates 3

If someone has a better way of explaining rule 3, I'm struggling to put it into words.
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Re: The word supine can either refer to the physical position of  [#permalink]

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02 Aug 2014, 17:38
goodyear2013 wrote:
The word supine can either refer to the physical position of lying down while facing upward or act as a metaphor for lethargy.

A. can either refer to the physical position of lying down while facing upward or act as
B. is either the physical position of lying down while facing upward or
C. is either the physical position of lying down while facing upward or acts as
D. can either be a reference to the physical position of lying down while facing upward or
E. can either refer to the physical position of lying down while facing upward or

A

Refer to // act as

B. Cannot use "is", have to use " refer to " for the term
C. Same mistake
D. A reference to vs. a metaphor - redundant
E. Unparalleled
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Re: The word supine can either refer to the physical position of  [#permalink]

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31 Dec 2015, 22:48
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‘Supine’ is an adjective. Hence, it cannot replace a noun. Therefore, it cannot be a physical position or a metaphor. B and C are out. In D and E foul the correlative parallelism. Only A remains with correct structural and logical parallelism.
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Re: The word supine can either refer to the physical position of  [#permalink]

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01 Jan 2016, 09:07
goodyear2013 wrote:
The word supine can either refer to the physical position of lying down while facing upward or act as a metaphor for lethargy.

A. can either refer to the physical position of lying down while facing upward or act as
B. is either the physical position of lying down while facing upward or
C. is either the physical position of lying down while facing upward or acts as
D. can either be a reference to the physical position of lying down while facing upward or
E. can either refer to the physical position of lying down while facing upward or

I can go to choice A.

but I want to know "while facing upward" modify what? is it modifying "lying"
lying work as a noun here and while facing is modifying a noun? is it correct

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Re: The word supine can either refer to the physical position of  [#permalink]

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09 Jan 2016, 04:33
Per the meaning of the sentence - The word refers to a position and the position is of lying down while facing updaward. So, the noun position is getting modified.
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Re: The word supine can either refer to the physical position of  [#permalink]

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09 Jan 2016, 05:33
Can someone explain why act is plural and not the singular "acts"? I got tripped up on C because of this.
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Re: The word supine can either refer to the physical position of  [#permalink]

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15 Jan 2016, 08:13
gmatser1 wrote:
Can someone explain why act is plural and not the singular "acts"? I got tripped up on C because of this.

In this example - "act" in original sentence is used along with "can act" and that's why "act" is plural.

Also, in this case - parallelism - either X or Y is checked.

X - refer to the physical condition

Y - act as a metaphor

Only Option A is parallel.

Hope this helps.
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The word supine can either refer to the physical position of  [#permalink]

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Updated on: 15 Jan 2016, 08:55
1
Gmaster wrote
Can someone explain why act is plural and not the singular "acts"? I got tripped up on C because of this.

Act is the base form of the verb ‘act’

First person both singular and plural present tense as in --I act or we act—
Second person both singular and plural present tense as in you-(singular) act or you (plural) act.
Third person singular present tense: He acts/ she acts / it acts.
Third person plural present --- They act.
You might observe, except for the third person singular, in all other persons, it is only ‘act’ for the present tense.
Now comes an important difference.
Act can also refer to a singular noun ‘act’, when it is a noun
‘Acts’ can also refer to the plural noun ‘acts’, when it is a plural noun but not a verb.

In A, together with the auxiliary verb ‘can, it takes the form ‘can act’. ‘Can act’ is number and gender neutral and can stand for both singular and plural as well for all persons.

In C, the subject is the singular ‘the word supine’ and hence we use acts as the singular verb. There is no auxiliary verb such as' can' involved here
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Originally posted by daagh on 15 Jan 2016, 08:52.
Last edited by daagh on 15 Jan 2016, 08:55, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: The word supine can either refer to the physical position of  [#permalink]

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15 Jan 2016, 08:54
gmatser1 wrote:
Can someone explain why act is plural and not the singular "acts"? I got tripped up on C because of this.

Hi gmatser1,

firstly some examples to see where act/acts can be used with singular..
Whenever "act" is not direct verb, but used with an auxiliary verb "can", will, could etc..

he acts.. But he can act..
he swims very fast... He can swim very fast...

same is the case here..

The word supine can either refer to the physical position of lying down while facing upward or act as a metaphor for lethargy..
but had it been "The word supine acts as a metaphor for lethargy.

Hope it helps
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The word supine can either refer to the physical position of  [#permalink]

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04 Apr 2017, 04:06
2
EITHER followed by verb (refer)
OR followed by verb (act)

Only option A satisfies this criteria
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Re: The word supine can either refer to the physical position of  [#permalink]

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13 Jun 2018, 02:30
The word supine can either refer to the physical position of lying down while facing upward or act as a metaphor for lethargy.

Structure is - Can either do something or (can) act as something. -- A is the correct answer.

A. can either refer to the physical position of lying down while facing upward or act as
B. is either the physical position of lying down while facing upward or
C. is either the physical position of lying down while facing upward or acts as
D. can either be a reference to the physical position of lying down while facing upward or
E. can either refer to the physical position of lying down while facing upward or
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Re: The word supine can either refer to the physical position of  [#permalink]

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14 Feb 2019, 08:50
goodyear2013 wrote:
The word supine can either refer to the physical position of lying down while facing upward or act as a metaphor for lethargy.

A. can either refer to the physical position of lying down while facing upward or act as
B. is either the physical position of lying down while facing upward or
C. is either the physical position of lying down while facing upward or acts as
D. can either be a reference to the physical position of lying down while facing upward or
E. can either refer to the physical position of lying down while facing upward or

here the word supine is a adjective so it cannot be used as a noun.
D : is indirect speech
E : incomplete comparision
Re: The word supine can either refer to the physical position of   [#permalink] 14 Feb 2019, 08:50
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