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There is a 30 % chance of rain and a 70% chance of shine. If

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There is a 30 % chance of rain and a 70% chance of shine. If  [#permalink]

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New post 22 Jan 2011, 09:21
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There is a 30 % chance of rain and a 70% chance of shine. If it rains there is a 50% chance that Bob will cancel his picnic but if the sun is shining he will definitely have his picnic. What is the chance that Bob will have his picnic?
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Re: Probability  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 23 Jan 2011, 05:37
If you har having trouble with probabilities I'd recommend drawing probability tree.

In this case we just multiply .3 * .5 and adds .7 = 85%
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Originally posted by Mackieman on 22 Jan 2011, 09:29.
Last edited by Mackieman on 23 Jan 2011, 05:37, edited 1 time in total.
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There is a 30 % chance of rain and a 70% chance of shine. If  [#permalink]

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New post 22 Jan 2011, 09:43
ajit257 wrote:
There is a 30 % chance of rain and a 70% chance of shine. If it rains there is a 50% chance that Bob will cancel his picnic but if the sun is shining he will definitely have his picnic. What is the chance that Bob will have his picnic?


50% chance that Bob will cancel his picnic in case of a rain means that there is 50% chance that Bob will NOT cancel his picnic in case of a rain. So, \(P=0.3*0.5+0.7*1=0.85\).

Answer: 0.85.

Or \(P(picnic)=1-P(no \ picnic)=1-0.3*0.5=0.85\).

Answer: 0.85.
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Re: Probability  [#permalink]

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New post 22 Jan 2011, 11:19
why are we adding .7..how do I figure out whether it is OR/AND solution to see if it has to be added or multiplied
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Re: Probability  [#permalink]

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New post 22 Jan 2011, 11:26
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Re: Probability  [#permalink]

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New post 25 Jan 2011, 08:32
Bunuel wrote:
ajit257 wrote:
why are we adding .7..how do I figure out whether it is OR/AND solution to see if it has to be added or multiplied


Bob will have his picnic in two cases:
I. there is no rain and he goes: 0.7*1;
II. there is a rain and he still goes: 0.3*0.5;

So you should add the individual probabilities of these events.


Just adding another way of arriving at the same result.
Because there are only two outcomes, we can calculate the probability for no picnic and subtract it from 1 to get the probability for picnic

probability for no picnic = 0.3 * 0.5 = 0.15
so probability of picnic is = 1 - 0.15 = 0.85
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Re: Probability  [#permalink]

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New post 03 Feb 2011, 02:19
Chance of no picnic+chance of picnic= 100% ... (i)
Chance of picnic=100%-Chance of no picnic ... (ii)

Chance of no picnic= 50% of 30%= 15%

Therefore, According to (ii), Chance of picnic= 100%-15%= 85%. Answer.
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Re: Probability  [#permalink]

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New post 03 Feb 2011, 13:33
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ajit257 wrote:
why are we adding .7..how do I figure out whether it is OR/AND solution to see if it has to be added or multiplied


To figure out whether you need OR/AND, focus on how you speak about it.
You say, "I need a shirt AND a trouser" - AND so multiplication
"I need a shirt OR a T-shirt" - OR so addition

Here you say: It will Rain OR Shine
Rains - probability of party is 15%
Shines - probability of party is 70%

Since it will Rain OR Shine, total probability = 15% + 70% = 85%
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Re: Probability  [#permalink]

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New post 03 Feb 2011, 14:03
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VeritasPrepKarishma wrote:
ajit257 wrote:
why are we adding .7..how do I figure out whether it is OR/AND solution to see if it has to be added or multiplied


To figure out whether you need OR/AND, focus on how you speak about it.
You say, "I need a shirt AND a trouser" - AND so multiplication
"I need a shirt OR a T-shirt" - OR so addition

Here you say: It will Rain OR Shine
Rains - probability of party is 15%
Shines - probability of party is 70%

Since it will Rain OR Shine, total probability = 15% + 70% = 85%


You can directly translate the question into probability:

Bob will have his picnic if: there is no rain (0.7) AND he goes (1) OR there is a rain (0.3) AND he still goes (0.5).

Now, put * for AND and + for OR: 0.7*1+0.3*0.5.
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Re: Probability  [#permalink]

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New post 04 Feb 2011, 05:45
Rain: 3/10; 1/2 chance.
Shine: 7/10; 1

\(\frac{3}{10}*\frac{1}{2}+\frac{7}{10}*\frac{1}{1}\)
\(\frac{17}{20}\)
\(85\%\)
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Re: Probability  [#permalink]

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Re: Probability  [#permalink]

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New post 06 Feb 2011, 14:05
650??? rly? thats an ez one no?

do u have one of this kind that will be harder to solve? is this kind of question is common?

thanks.
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Re: Probability  [#permalink]

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New post 06 Feb 2011, 20:43
144144 wrote:
650??? rly? thats an ez one no?

do u have one of this kind that will be harder to solve? is this kind of question is common?

thanks.


Actually, P & C questions, though easy if understood well, are considered a little harder.... You will not see more than 1 or 2 questions from this topic generally... It is always a good idea to have your basics clear so that you can tackle the easier questions on this topic... they would still be higher on the scoring scale... Veritas Permutation book is full of examples of these kind of questions. I will put up a couple on this topic from the book soon....
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Re: There is a 30 % chance of rain and a 70% chance of shine. If  [#permalink]

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Re: There is a 30 % chance of rain and a 70% chance of shine. If   [#permalink] 06 Oct 2018, 03:25
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