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Those who claim that governments should not continue to

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Those who claim that governments should not continue to  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 31 Jul 2013, 22:41
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  95% (hard)

Question Stats:

41% (01:53) correct 59% (01:58) wrong based on 408 sessions

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Those who claim that governments should not continue to devote resources to space exploration are wrong. Although most people's lives are relatively unaffected by the direct consequences of space exploration, many modern technologies that have a tremendous impact on daily life—e.g., fiber optics, computers, and lasers—are unexpected consequences of it. Society might have missed the benefits of these technologies if governments had not devoted resources to space exploration.

Which one of the following most accurately expresses the principle underlying the argument provided?

1.Governments should not be prevented from allocating resources to projects whose intended consequences do not directly benefit most people.
2.One can never underestimate the beneficial consequences of government support of ambitious technological undertakings.
3.The less practical the goal of a government-supported project, the more unexpected the consequences of that project.
4.Governments should continue to support those projects that have, in the past, produced unintended benefits.
5.In attempting to advance the welfare of society, governments should continue to dedicate resources to ambitious technological undertakings.

Originally posted by SUNGMAT710 on 31 Jul 2013, 22:02.
Last edited by Zarrolou on 31 Jul 2013, 22:41, edited 1 time in total.
Renamed the topic.
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Re: Those who claim that governments should not continue to  [#permalink]

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New post 31 Jul 2013, 22:51
1
The most important part of the argument is:
"Society might have missed the benefits of these technologies if governments had not devoted resources to space exploration. "
Those projects' consequences had an enormous impact on people's life.

Which one of the following most accurately expresses the principle underlying the argument provided?

1.Governments should not be prevented from allocating resources to projects whose intended consequences do not directly benefit most people.
Maybe, this seems OK. But this is too general: the passage does not say something like this "always support those project"; it says "because past project have had such an effect, support the next projects".
2.One can never underestimate the beneficial consequences of government support of ambitious technological undertakings.
This is not the point of the argument. The author does not want to give us a general principle.
3.The less practical the goal of a government-supported project, the more unexpected the consequences of that project.
Same as B. And moreover we cannot say "The less practical" => " the more unexpected".
4.Governments should continue to support those projects that have, in the past, produced unintended benefits.
This is correct. Because past projects had such results, the government should continue to support them. This is a good summary of the argument.
5.In attempting to advance the welfare of society, governments should continue to dedicate resources to ambitious technological undertakings.
We are not concerned about the welfare.
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Re: Those who claim that governments should not continue to  [#permalink]

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New post 02 Aug 2013, 00:02
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Those who claim that governments should not continue to devote resources to space exploration are wrong. Although most people's lives are relatively unaffected by the direct consequences of space exploration, many modern technologies that have a tremendous impact on daily life—e.g., fiber optics, computers, and lasers—are unexpected consequences of it. Society might have missed the benefits of these technologies if governments had not devoted resources to space exploration.

Which one of the following most accurately expresses the principle underlying the argument provided?

1.Governments should not be prevented from allocating resources to projects whose intended consequences do not directly benefit most people.
the argument, instead, implies that the project whose intended consequences do not directly benefit most people but that produce unintended benefit should not be prevented

2.One can never underestimate the beneficial consequences of government support of ambitious technological undertakings.
out of scope. if that is not true, the argument still can be true.

3.The less practical the goal of a government-supported project, the more unexpected the consequences of that project.
out of scope. if that is not true, the argument still can be true.


4.Governments should continue to support those projects that have, in the past, produced unintended benefits.
correct. if that's not true, then there is no ground to conclude that the projects those produced unintended benefit should continue

5.In attempting to advance the welfare of society, governments should continue to dedicate resources to ambitious technological undertakings.
its not relevant to the argument. If its not true, i.e. the government should not continue to dedicate resources to ambitious technological undertakings, its still true that the government should continue those produce unintended profits to people
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Re: Those who claim that governments should not continue to  [#permalink]

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New post 05 Jun 2019, 12:20
Bumping for further discussion
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Re: Those who claim that governments should not continue to   [#permalink] 05 Jun 2019, 12:20
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