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TIM: When a rare tragedy, such as a plane crash, occurs, many people

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TIM: When a rare tragedy, such as a plane crash, occurs, many people  [#permalink]

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New post 04 Mar 2019, 23:42
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  35% (medium)

Question Stats:

71% (01:50) correct 29% (02:09) wrong based on 70 sessions

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TIM: When a rare tragedy, such as a plane crash, occurs, many people profess a belief that they themselves are more likely to experience such a tragedy and take extraordinary measures to prevent it. This is unfounded, however. Winning a lottery jackpot, an extremely rare event, does not mean you are any more likely to win a second time.

SUSAN: I disagree. The belief is well founded. People who sense danger are more likely to trust their instincts and act in such a way as to prevent the danger from befalling them.

Susan’s attempt to counter Tim’s argument is best characterized as one that


A. makes apparent Tim’s failure to consider the consequences of such a tragedy to its survivors

B. challenges Tim’s assumption that the occurrence of a single event is sufficient to predict future occurrences of that event

C. questions the appropriateness of the analogy drawn by Tim

D. presents an alternate basis for judging the validity of people’s reactions

E. disputes the meaning of the term unfounded

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Re: TIM: When a rare tragedy, such as a plane crash, occurs, many people  [#permalink]

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New post 05 Mar 2019, 00:59
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Quote:
TIM: When a rare tragedy, such as a plane crash, occurs, many people profess a belief that they themselves are more likely to experience such a tragedy and take extraordinary measures to prevent it. This is unfounded, however. Winning a lottery jackpot, an extremely rare event, does not mean you are any more likely to win a second time.

SUSAN: I disagree. The belief is well founded. People who sense danger are more likely to trust their instincts and act in such a way as to prevent the danger from befalling them.

Susan’s attempt to counter Tim’s argument is best characterized as one that


A. makes apparent Tim’s failure to consider the consequences of such a tragedy to its survivors

B. challenges Tim’s assumption that the occurrence of a single event is sufficient to predict future occurrences of that event

C. questions the appropriateness of the analogy drawn by Tim

D. presents an alternate basis for judging the validity of people’s reactions

E. disputes the meaning of the term unfounded


The right answer is D. This is a structure based CR question, which means that we need NOT actually care whether the argument is valid or not. All we need to understand is what role Susan's point plays. In this case, she counters Tim by providing an alternative explanation for the cautious behaviour.

Option A - "makes apparent" suggests that Susan has successfully refuted Tim's argument, which is not the case, and also something we don't need to care about. She's merely providing an alternative explanation. OUT

Option B - This is actually the opposite of what Tim has argued. He's actually saying that just because an event happened before it DOESN'T mean that it will happen again. Hence, this gets the structure of the argument grossly wrong. OUT

Option C - Susan doesn't do this. If it were so, she would directly address what he said rather than provide a different line of reasoning. OUT

Option D - "presents an alternate basis" does the job perfectly. It demonstrates that Susan is simply providing a different line of reasoning, which is what she does in the argument. This works fine and is therefore CORRECT.

Option E - She disputes that the belief itself is unfounded with her alternate explanation, not the meaning of the term . OUT

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Re: TIM: When a rare tragedy, such as a plane crash, occurs, many people  [#permalink]

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New post 05 Mar 2019, 01:12
A) Not relevant. No discussion about the tragedy itself
B) No discussion about the frequency
C) Susan does not question the analogy. So No
D) YES. Another explanation is provided by Susan for the behavior
E) No. The meaning of the term was never the dispute

IMO, the answer is D
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Re: TIM: When a rare tragedy, such as a plane crash, occurs, many people  [#permalink]

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New post 06 Mar 2019, 23:25
Bunuel wrote:
TIM: When a rare tragedy, such as a plane crash, occurs, many people profess a belief that they themselves are more likely to experience such a tragedy and take extraordinary measures to prevent it. This is unfounded, however. Winning a lottery jackpot, an extremely rare event, does not mean you are any more likely to win a second time.

SUSAN: I disagree. The belief is well founded. People who sense danger are more likely to trust their instincts and act in such a way as to prevent the danger from befalling them.

Susan’s attempt to counter Tim’s argument is best characterized as one that


A. makes apparent Tim’s failure to consider the consequences of such a tragedy to its survivors

B. challenges Tim’s assumption that the occurrence of a single event is sufficient to predict future occurrences of that event

C. questions the appropriateness of the analogy drawn by Tim

D. presents an alternate basis for judging the validity of people’s reactions

E. disputes the meaning of the term unfounded


OFFICIAL EXPLANATION:



How’d you do? The question asks you to characterize the argument and is, therefore, a reasoning question—it’s more concerned with structure than content. As you break it down, take note of the way Susan fails to address Tim’s premise, but instead introduces her own reasoning. In this case, Tim describes behavior in response to a tragedy, and dismisses it as “unfounded” based on his lottery analogy. Susan provides an alternate explanation for people’s behavior. As you use Process of Elimination, ask yourself, “Did they do that?” as a way of testing each answer choice.

Here we go:

(A) No. Neither of them discusses the effect of tragedy on its survivors. Eliminate it.

(B) No. Susan does not even address Tim’s assumption about the frequency or likelihood of the recurrence of such an event in the future. Eliminate it.

(C) No. Susan does not speak about Tim’s analogy. Eliminate it.

(D) Yes. Susan presents another explanation for the behavior pointed out by Tim—that people are more likely to trust their instincts and possibly avert misfortune.

(E) No. There is no such dispute in Susan’s argument. Eliminate it
_________________

New to the Math Forum?
Please read this: Ultimate GMAT Quantitative Megathread | All You Need for Quant | PLEASE READ AND FOLLOW: 12 Rules for Posting!!!

Resources:
GMAT Math Book | Triangles | Polygons | Coordinate Geometry | Factorials | Circles | Number Theory | Remainders; 8. Overlapping Sets | PDF of Math Book; 10. Remainders | GMAT Prep Software Analysis | SEVEN SAMURAI OF 2012 (BEST DISCUSSIONS) | Tricky questions from previous years.

Collection of Questions:
PS: 1. Tough and Tricky questions; 2. Hard questions; 3. Hard questions part 2; 4. Standard deviation; 5. Tough Problem Solving Questions With Solutions; 6. Probability and Combinations Questions With Solutions; 7 Tough and tricky exponents and roots questions; 8 12 Easy Pieces (or not?); 9 Bakers' Dozen; 10 Algebra set. ,11 Mixed Questions, 12 Fresh Meat

DS: 1. DS tough questions; 2. DS tough questions part 2; 3. DS tough questions part 3; 4. DS Standard deviation; 5. Inequalities; 6. 700+ GMAT Data Sufficiency Questions With Explanations; 7 Tough and tricky exponents and roots questions; 8 The Discreet Charm of the DS; 9 Devil's Dozen!!!; 10 Number Properties set., 11 New DS set.


What are GMAT Club Tests?
Extra-hard Quant Tests with Brilliant Analytics

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Re: TIM: When a rare tragedy, such as a plane crash, occurs, many people   [#permalink] 06 Mar 2019, 23:25
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TIM: When a rare tragedy, such as a plane crash, occurs, many people

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