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Math Expert V
Joined: 02 Sep 2009
Posts: 58427
Two identical dice are rolled together. If the sum of the dice is 7  [#permalink]

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Difficulty:   35% (medium)

Question Stats: 64% (01:00) correct 36% (00:59) wrong based on 80 sessions

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Two identical dice are rolled together. If the sum of the dice is 7, what is the probability that one of the numbers showing is a 4?

(A) 1/36
(B) 1/18
(C) 1/6
(D) 11/36
(E) 1/3

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Senior PS Moderator V
Joined: 26 Feb 2016
Posts: 3333
Location: India
GPA: 3.12
Two identical dice are rolled together. If the sum of the dice is 7  [#permalink]

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Bunuel wrote:
Two identical dice are rolled together. If the sum of the dice is 7, what is the probability that one of the numbers showing is a 4?

(A) 1/36
(B) 1/18
(C) 1/6
(D) 11/36
(E) 1/3

When two dice are rolled together the various ways we can
get a sum of 7 are (1,6),(2,5),(3,4),(4,3),(5,2), and (6,1)

There are a total of 6 possibilities when the sum is 7, and 2 of them need a 4.
Therefore, the probability of one of the numbers showing is a 4 is $$\frac{2}{6} = \frac{1}{3}$$ (Option E)
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Target Test Prep Representative G
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Affiliations: Target Test Prep
Joined: 04 Mar 2011
Posts: 2815
Re: Two identical dice are rolled together. If the sum of the dice is 7  [#permalink]

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Bunuel wrote:
Two identical dice are rolled together. If the sum of the dice is 7, what is the probability that one of the numbers showing is a 4?

(A) 1/36
(B) 1/18
(C) 1/6
(D) 11/36
(E) 1/3

The number of ways to obtain a sum of 7 when two dice are rolled is:

1,6 or 6,1
2,5 or 5,2
3,4 or 4,3

So, there are 6 total ways to obtain a sum of 7, and, of those ways, there are two outcomes in which a 4 is showing, so the probability is 2/6 = 1/3.

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e-GMAT Representative V
Joined: 04 Jan 2015
Posts: 3078
Re: Two identical dice are rolled together. If the sum of the dice is 7  [#permalink]

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Bunuel wrote:
Two identical dice are rolled together. If the sum of the dice is 7, what is the probability that one of the numbers showing is a 4?

(A) 1/36
(B) 1/18
(C) 1/6
(D) 11/36
(E) 1/3

Solution

• Two dices are rolled and a sum of 7 is obtained.
o We can get a sum of 7 in the following ways.
 (1,6) (6,1)
 (5,2) (2,5)
 (4,3) (3,4)
o Thus, total possible cases of getting a sum of seven = 6
• We need to find out in how many cases can one of the dices show a 4.
o From the cases shown above, we can clearly see that the total cases with 4 on one of the dices = 2
• Thus, the required probability = Favorable Cases/Total Cases = $$\frac{2}{6} = \frac{1}{3}$$

Correct answer: Option E.

Regards,
Saquib
Quant Expert
e-GMAT
_________________ Re: Two identical dice are rolled together. If the sum of the dice is 7   [#permalink] 31 Jan 2018, 05:09
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