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# Two numbers are in the ratio of 2:3 . if 4 is added in both numbers

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Joined: 31 Aug 2014
Posts: 21
Two numbers are in the ratio of 2:3 . if 4 is added in both numbers  [#permalink]

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07 Oct 2015, 12:11
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81% (01:30) correct 19% (02:10) wrong based on 181 sessions

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Two numbers are in the ratio of 2:3 . if 4 is added in both numbers the ratio becomes 5:7. Find the difference between numbers.

A. 8
B. 6
C. 4
D. 2
E. 10

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Re: Two numbers are in the ratio of 2:3 . if 4 is added in both numbers  [#permalink]

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07 Oct 2015, 22:21
4
1
Hi ske,

While this question can be solved algebraically, it can also be solved with a bit of brute force and some Number Properties.

We're told that two numbers are in the ratio of 2:3. Thus, the two numbers could be...
2 and 3
4 and 6
6 and 9
8 and 12
10 and 15
Etc.

We're told that ADDING 4 to each number changes the ratio of the numbers to 5:7. We're asked for the DIFFERENCE between the original numbers.

Since adding 4 makes the first number a multiple of 5, this limits the possibilities....
2+4 = 6 NOT POSSIBLE
4+4 = 8 NOT POSSIBLE
6+4 = 10 This IS possible...Using this example, we would have...

"6 and 9", after adding 4 to each, becomes "10 and 13"...this is NOT a ratio of 5 to 7 though (even though it's pretty close), so we have to keep looking....

The next value that becomes a multiple of 5 when you add 4 to it is...16...
16 + 4 = 20

With "16 and 24", after adding 4 to each, we have "20 and 28." This IS a ratio of 5 to 7, so we have our pair of original numbers.

The difference between them is 8.

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# Rich Cohen

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Special Offer: Save $75 + GMAT Club Tests Free Official GMAT Exam Packs + 70 Pt. Improvement Guarantee www.empowergmat.com/ ##### General Discussion CEO Joined: 12 Sep 2015 Posts: 3782 Location: Canada Re: Two numbers are in the ratio of 2:3 . if 4 is added in both numbers [#permalink] ### Show Tags 07 Oct 2015, 12:43 3 2 ske wrote: Two numbers are in the ratio of 2:3 . if 4 is added in both numbers the ratio becomes 5:7. Find the difference between numbers. A 8 B 6 C 4 D 2 E 10 One option is to use 2 variables, x and y Two numbers are in the ratio of 2:3 So, x/y = 2/3 Cross multiply to get: 3x = 2y Rewrite as 3x - 2y = 0 If 4 is added in both numbers the ratio becomes 5:7 So, (x + 4)/(y + 4) = 5/7 Cross multiply to get: 7(x + 4) = 5(y + 4) Expand to get: 7x + 28 = 5y + 20 Rewrite as 7x - 5y = - 8 We now have two equations: 7x - 5y = - 8 3x - 2y = 0 IMPORTANT: the question asks us to find the DIFFERENCE (either x - y or y - x), so we don't necessarily have to solve for x and for y. Take bottom equation and multiply both sides to get an EQUIVALENT equation: 7x - 5y = - 8 6x - 4y = 0 Now subtract the bottom equation from the top equation to get: x - y = -8 This also means that y - x = 8 So, the DIFFERENCE = 8 Answer: A Cheers, Brent _________________ Test confidently with gmatprepnow.com Math Revolution GMAT Instructor Joined: 16 Aug 2015 Posts: 7465 GMAT 1: 760 Q51 V42 GPA: 3.82 Re: Two numbers are in the ratio of 2:3 . if 4 is added in both numbers [#permalink] ### Show Tags 08 Oct 2015, 02:21 4 Forget conventional ways of solving math questions. In PS, IVY approach is the easiest and quickest way to find the answer. Two numbers are in the ratio of 2:3 . if 4 is added in both numbers the ratio becomes 5:7. Find the difference between numbers. A 8 B 6 C 4 D 2 E 10 Let two numbers be a and b. Since a:b=2:3, we have 2b=3a --> a=2k and b=3k. So the difference of a and b is k(=3k-2k). By the assumption in the question we have (2k+4):(3k+4) = 5:7. That means 5*(3k+4)=7*(2k+4) ---> 15k+20=14k+28 ---> k=8. The answer is, therefore, A. _________________ MathRevolution: Finish GMAT Quant Section with 10 minutes to spare The one-and-only World’s First Variable Approach for DS and IVY Approach for PS with ease, speed and accuracy. "Only$149 for 3 month Online Course"
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Re: Two numbers are in the ratio of 2:3 . if 4 is added in both numbers  [#permalink]

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08 Oct 2015, 23:07
4
As after adding 4 numbers ratio becomes 5:7 so i checked for [5:7] * 2 or 3 or 4 so for 4, 20-4/28-4=16/24=2/3 so required numbers are 20 & 28 so difference is 8 option A
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Re: Two numbers are in the ratio of 2:3 . if 4 is added in both numbers  [#permalink]

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09 Oct 2015, 11:01
2
Hi ramajha,

Your approach is also valid. When dealing with ratio questions on the GMAT, there are usually more ways than you might realize to get to the correct answer (some Tactical, some Algebraic, and some that are just 'brute force' arithmetic). Since no-one will ever know how you got the correct answer, you should use whatever approach you find to be fastest/easiest.

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Re: Two numbers are in the ratio of 2:3 . if 4 is added in both numbers  [#permalink]

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10 Apr 2017, 11:46
2
1
ske wrote:
Two numbers are in the ratio of 2:3 . if 4 is added in both numbers the ratio becomes 5:7. Find the difference between numbers.

A. 8
B. 6
C. 4
D. 2
E. 10

$$\frac{2x + 4}{3x + 4} = \frac{5}{7}$$

Or, $$14x + 28 = 15x + 20$$

Or, $$x = 8$$

Now, we know $$3x - 2x = x = 8$$

So, The answer must be (A) 8
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Re: Two numbers are in the ratio of 2:3 . if 4 is added in both numbers  [#permalink]

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12 Jul 2017, 11:47
1
ske wrote:
Two numbers are in the ratio of 2:3 . if 4 is added in both numbers the ratio becomes 5:7. Find the difference between numbers.

A. 8
B. 6
C. 4
D. 2
E. 10

adding 4 numbers ratio becomes 5:7 so i checked for [5:7] * 2 or 3 or 4 so for 4, 20-4/28-4=16/24=2/3 so required numbers are 20 & 28 so difference is 8 option A
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Two numbers are in the ratio of 2:3 . if 4 is added in both numbers  [#permalink]

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12 Jul 2017, 14:36
ske wrote:
Two numbers are in the ratio of 2:3 . if 4 is added in both numbers the ratio becomes 5:7. Find the difference between numbers.

A. 8
B. 6
C. 4
D. 2
E. 10

I solved similarly to Abhishek009 , with one different step.

$$\frac{2x + 4}{3x + 4}$$ = $$\frac{5}{7}$$. Cross multiply to get

14x + 28 = 15x + 20

x = 8, which is the multiplier for the original ratio

So original ratio is

$$\frac{(2)(8)}{(3)(8)}$$ = $$\frac{16}{24}$$ (Don't reduce - need original #s)

24 - 16 = 8

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Re: Two numbers are in the ratio of 2:3 . if 4 is added in both numbers  [#permalink]

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15 Sep 2018, 04:19
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Re: Two numbers are in the ratio of 2:3 . if 4 is added in both numbers   [#permalink] 15 Sep 2018, 04:19
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