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United Energy recently invested in a series of large

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United Energy recently invested in a series of large  [#permalink]

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New post 30 Sep 2011, 04:43
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A
B
C
D
E

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United Energy recently invested in a series of large windmills which are able to produce renewable energy with minimal negative effect to the environment. The company has not drilled oil wells in the same area, even though greater revenues and profits could be generated from oil wells. Because any drilling would disrupt the native habitat of certain marine species in the area, some environmentalists assert that, by foregoing this drilling, United Energy has established that it places environmental impact over financial returns. However, United Energy may be acting in a manner consistent with its financial goals. Recent patterns of increasing annual hurricane activity have some experts questioning the long-term viability and profitability of oil wells in the area.

The two boldfaced portions play which of the following roles?

(A) The first supports the conclusion of the argument; the second calls that conclusion into question.
(B) The first states the conclusion of the argument; the second supports that conclusion.
(C) The first supports the environmentalists’ conclusion; the second states that conclusion.
(D) The first states the environmentalists’ conclusion; the second provides a consideration in support of that conclusion.
(E) The first supports the conclusion of the argument; the second also supports the conclusion of the argument.

Spoiler: :: OE
solution:
The argument concludes that United Energy may be acting in a manner consistent with reaching its financial goals. However, this conclusion must be distinguished from the assertion of the environmentalists described in the question - that the actions taken by United Energy indicate that the company is putting environmental concerns ahead of financial returns. The answer choices may consider either the author's conclusion (which is considered the overall conclusion) or the conclusion asserted by the environmentalists (which is considered the opposing opinion).

This is an Analyze the Argument Structure question. The best approach is to consider each boldface in turn.

(A) The first boldface does not support the author's conclusion that United Energy may be acting in a manner consistent with its financial goals; the second does not call the conclusion into question as much as state its opposite.

(B) The first boldface does not state the conclusion of the argument; the second boldface does not support the conclusion of the main argument, which is that United Energy may be acting in a manner consistent with its financial goals.

(C) CORRECT. The first boldface supports the environmentalists’ conclusion that United Energy is acting in a manner that places environmental impact ahead of financial returns. The second boldface states this conclusion.

(D) The first boldface is a relationship that does support the environmentalists' conclusion; however, the second states this conclusion, and does not undermine it.

(E) The first boldface does not support the author's conclusion, which is that United Energy may be acting in its financial interest; the second boldface also does not support this conclusion.
Spoiler: :: Doubt
I am confused can anyone how to solve bold face cr questions
Please suggest me a correct strategy ... any link from where I can read more
can bold face questions have 2 conclusions:
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United Energy recently invested in a series of large  [#permalink]

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New post 07 May 2013, 13:43
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United Energy recently invested in a series of large windmills which are able to produce renewable energy with minimal negative effect to the environment. The company has not drilled oil wells in the same area, even though greater revenues and profits could be generated from oil wells. Because any drilling would disrupt the native habitat of certain marine species in the area, some environmentalists assert that, by foregoing this drilling, United Energy has established that it places environmental impact over financial returns. However, United Energy may be acting in a manner consistent with its financial goals. Recent patterns of increasing annual hurricane activity have some experts questioning the long-term viability and profitability of oil wells in the area.

The two boldfaced portions play which of the following roles?

(A) The first supports the conclusion of the argument; the second calls that conclusion into question.
(B) The first states the conclusion of the argument; the second supports that conclusion.
(C) The first supports the environmentalists’ conclusion; the second states that conclusion.
(D) The first states the environmentalists’ conclusion; the second provides a consideration in support of that conclusion.
(E) The first supports the conclusion of the argument; the second also supports the conclusion of the argument.
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Re: How to solve bold face CR questions ?  [#permalink]

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New post 30 Sep 2011, 09:52
yuvrajpratap,

How can we help you if you do not bold the sentences?
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Re: How to solve bold face CR questions ?  [#permalink]

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New post 30 Sep 2011, 10:06
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Hey Yuvraj,

try e-gmat.com free CR preview. It has a section on Bold Face and 10 practice problems. See if it helps.
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Re: CR- United Energy foregoing drilling  [#permalink]

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New post 01 Oct 2011, 08:33
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Obviously, there are two sides of opinion in this question. One side (enviromntalist's) is that enviromental issues are more important for the company than financial one. This is the conclusion which enviromentalists make from the fact that the company does not drill oil wells (and this is exactly the second boldfaced statement). And this conclusion is based on the premises that the company could extract high profits from the project, which is provided in the first boldfaced statement. Another side (expert's) is that the company does not drill not because of environment issues but because of real financial issues which is connected with forecasts about negative profitability of such projects in the long-term. And this conclusion is really the conclusion of the argument.

So, the right answer is (C)

Perhaps you could use the strategy of "elimination" which is provided in Manhattan GMAT Prep. We find that the first boldface stuff is premises and the second stuff is concusion.
(B) and (D) tells that the first statement is a conclusion, so we eliminate them.
(A) and (E) tell that the second boldface stuff is the "premise" which supports the conclusion or calls it into question, so they are also wrong.
So, the only right answer is (C)

Finally, I could say that there are rather a lot of questions with two opposite side of view in "Determine the role of Boldface" type of questions. Frequently this sides fugurate as conclusions. So you should drill solving these questions.
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Re: United Energy recently invested in a series of large windmil  [#permalink]

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New post 07 May 2013, 16:58
plese provide OA...with explanation
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New post 07 May 2013, 21:47
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Is the answer C? :shock:

greater revenues and profits could be generated from oil wells. Because any drilling would disrupt the native habitat of certain marine species in the area, some environmentalists assert that, by foregoing this drilling, United Energy has established that it places environmental impact over financial returns.

I think the second boldface is what the environmentalists concluded from the situation. The first boldface supports this because it says United Energy could have earned more profits.

(A) The first supports the conclusion of the argument; the second calls that conclusion into question. -> Not true.
(B) The first states the conclusion of the argument; the second supports that conclusion. -> The first is not the conclusion of the argument.
(C) The first supports the environmentalists’ conclusion; the second states that conclusion. -> Yes
(D) The first states the environmentalists’ conclusion; the second provides a consideration in support of that conclusion. -> This is reverse of C.
(E) The first supports the conclusion of the argument; the second also supports the conclusion of the argument. -> Not true. The argument ends with a question mark over the motivation behind not pursuing the drilling of oil wells.
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Re: United Energy recently invested in a series of large windmil  [#permalink]

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New post 08 May 2013, 00:04
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(1) Fact: United Energy recently invested in a series of large windmills. The company has not drilled oil wells in the same area. Even though, greater revenues and profits could be generated from oil wells
(2) Environmentalist's conclusion: United Energy has established that it places environmental impact over financial returns.
(3) Author's conclusion: United Energy may be acting in a manner consistent with its financial goals

Author's conclusion is KEY. It is the main conclusion of the argument. It states that UE acts for profit not for environment as Environmentalists thought.
Because UE used to drill oil wells in the past because greater revenues and profits could be generated from oil wells. That clearly supports the main conclusion.
The second bold part, however, maintains that UE acts for environment, not for profit. That calls the main conclusion into question.

I will go for A.
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Re: United Energy recently invested in a series of large windmil  [#permalink]

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New post 08 May 2013, 04:56
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Analysis of passage
1. United Energy recently invested in a series of large windmills which are able to produce renewable energy with minimal negative effect to the environment.
2. United Energy has not drilled oil wells in the same area, even though greater revenues and profits could be generated from oil wells.
3. Environmentalist’s conclusion: By foregoing this drilling, United Energy has established that it places environmental impact over financial returns.
4. Author’s conclusion: United Energy may be acting in a manner consistent with its financial goals as oil wells are not profitable in long term in the area.
Pre thinking:

Author’s conclusion (which is also conclusion of the argument) : United Energy may be acting in a manner consistent with its financial goals.
Author’s support to his conclusion: To support his conclusion author is citing recent patterns of increasing annual hurricane activity which some experts believe will affect the long-term viability and profitability of oil wells in the area.

Environmentalist conclusion: United Energy places environmental impact over financial returns
Environmentalist support to his conclusion: Environmentalist is supporting his conclusion by citing the fact that united energy has opted for windmills instead of drilling oil wells although greater revenues and profits could be generated from oil wells.


So the first bold is definitely not conclusion of the argument and nor is it supporting the conclusion of the argument. It is actually supporting the environmentalist conclusion as stated in pre thinking above. The second bold face is the environmentalist conclusion.

Hence C is the answer

Note that it is important to segregate between Author's and Environmentalist conclusion in this question and once that is done it becomes easier to relate between conclusion and supporting reasons.
Hope this Helps.
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Re: United Energy recently invested in a series of large windmil  [#permalink]

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New post 08 May 2013, 10:32
OE

Quote:
The argument concludes that United Energy may be acting in a manner
consistent with reaching its financial goals. However, this conclusion must be
distinguished from the assertion of the environmentalists described in the
question - that the actions taken by United Energy indicate that the company is
putting environmental concerns ahead of financial returns. The answer choices
may consider either the author's conclusion (which is considered the overall
conclusion) or the conclusion asserted by the environmentalists (which is
considered the opposing opinion).

This is an Analyze the Argument Structure question. The best approach is to
consider each boldface in turn.

(A) The first boldface does not support the author's conclusion that United
Energy may be acting in a manner consistent with its financial goals; the second
does not call the conclusion into question as much as state its opposite.
(B) The first boldface does not state the conclusion of the argument; the second
boldface does not support the conclusion of the main argument, which is that
United Energy may be acting in a manner consistent with its financial goals.
(C) CORRECT. The first boldface supports the environmentalists’ conclusion that
United Energy is acting in a manner that places environmental impact ahead of
financial returns. The second boldface states this conclusion.
(D) The first boldface is a relationship that does support the environmentalists'
conclusion; however, the second states this conclusion, and does not undermine
it.
(E) The first boldface does not support the author's conclusion, which is that
United Energy may be acting in its financial interest; the second boldface also
does not support this conclusion.

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Re: United Energy recently invested in a series of large windmil  [#permalink]

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New post 31 Oct 2013, 04:28
pqhai wrote:
(1) Fact: United Energy recently invested in a series of large windmills. The company has not drilled oil wells in the same area. Even though, greater revenues and profits could be generated from oil wells
(2) Environmentalist's conclusion: United Energy has established that it places environmental impact over financial returns.
(3) Author's conclusion: United Energy may be acting in a manner consistent with its financial goals

Author's conclusion is KEY. It is the main conclusion of the argument. It states that UE acts for profit not for environment as Environmentalists thought.
Because UE used to drill oil wells in the past because greater revenues and profits could be generated from oil wells. That clearly supports the main conclusion.
The second bold part, however, maintains that UE acts for environment, not for profit. That calls the main conclusion into question.

I will go for A.



I could easily eliminate A B and E, stuck between C and E.
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Re: United Energy recently invested in a series of large  [#permalink]

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Boldface Revision: United Energy recently invested in a series  [#permalink]

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New post 21 Mar 2015, 00:06
This question is part of the GMAT Club Critical Reasoning: Boldface Revision Project.

United Energy recently invested in a series of large windmills which are able to produce renewable energy with minimal negative effect to the environment. The company has not drilled oil wells in the same area, even though greater revenues and profits could be generated from oil wells. Because any drilling would disrupt the native habitat of certain marine species in the area, some environmentalists assert that, by foregoing this drilling, United Energy has established that it places environmental impact over financial returns. However, United Energy may be acting in a manner consistent with its financial goals. Recent patterns of increasing annual hurricane activity have some experts questioning the long-term viability and profitability of oil wells in the area.

The two boldfaced portions play which of the following roles?

A. The first supports the conclusion of the argument; the second calls that conclusion into question.

B. The first states the conclusion of the argument; the second supports that conclusion.

C. The first supports the environmentalists’ conclusion; the second states that conclusion.

D. The first states the environmentalists’ conclusion; the second provides a consideration in support of that conclusion.

E. The first supports the conclusion of the argument; the second also supports the conclusion of the argument.
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Re: Boldface Revision: United Energy recently invested in a series  [#permalink]

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New post 21 Mar 2015, 03:02
souvik101990 wrote:
This question is part of the GMAT Club Critical Reasoning: Boldface Revision Project.

United Energy recently invested in a series of large windmills which are able to produce renewable energy with minimal negative effect to the environment. The company has not drilled oil wells in the same area, even though greater revenues and profits could be generated from oil wells. Because any drilling would disrupt the native habitat of certain marine species in the area, some environmentalists assert that, by foregoing this drilling, United Energy has established that it places environmental impact over financial returns. However, United Energy may be acting in a manner consistent with its financial goals. Recent patterns of increasing annual hurricane activity have some experts questioning the long-term viability and profitability of oil wells in the area.

The two boldfaced portions play which of the following roles?

A. The first supports the conclusion of the argument; the second calls that conclusion into question.

B. The first states the conclusion of the argument; the second supports that conclusion.

C. The first supports the environmentalists’ conclusion; the second states that conclusion.

D. The first states the environmentalists’ conclusion; the second provides a consideration in support of that conclusion.

E. The first supports the conclusion of the argument; the second also supports the conclusion of the argument.


+1 for C. First supports the ENV conclusion, second states that conclusion. Main conclusion of the argument is given in the line 'However.....
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Re: Boldface Revision: United Energy recently invested in a series  [#permalink]

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New post 21 Mar 2015, 12:16
I think the right answer is C. Wait for OA.
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Re: Boldface Revision: United Energy recently invested in a series  [#permalink]

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New post 29 Mar 2015, 20:04
The argument concludes that United Energy may be acting in a manner
consistent with reaching its financial goals. However, this conclusion must be
distinguished from the assertion of the environmentalists described in the
question - that the actions taken by United Energy indicate that the company is
putting environmental concerns ahead of financial returns. The answer choices
may consider either the author's conclusion (which is considered the overall
conclusion) or the conclusion asserted by the environmentalists (which is
considered the opposing opinion).
This is an Analyze the Argument Structure question. The best approach is to
consider each boldface in turn.

(A) The first boldface does not support the author's conclusion that United
Energy may be acting in a manner consistent with its financial goals; the second
does not call the conclusion into question as much as state its opposite.

(B) The first boldface does not state the conclusion of the argument; the second
boldface does not support the conclusion of the main argument, which is that
United Energy may be acting in a manner consistent with its financial goals.

(C) CORRECT. The first boldface supports the environmentalists’ conclusion that
United Energy is acting in a manner that places environmental impact ahead of
financial returns. The second boldface states this conclusion.

(D) The first boldface is a relationship that does support the environmentalists'
conclusion; however, the second states this conclusion, and does not undermine
it.

(E) The first boldface does not support the author's conclusion, which is that
United Energy may be acting in its financial interest; the second boldface also
does not support this conclusion.
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Re: United Energy recently invested in a series of large  [#permalink]

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New post 27 Dec 2015, 15:16
yuvrajpratap wrote:
United Energy recently invested in a series of large windmills which are able to produce renewable energy with minimal negative effect to the environment. The company has not drilled oil wells in the same area, even though greater revenues and profits could be generated from oil wells. Because any drilling would disrupt the native habitat of certain marine species in the area, some environmentalists assert that, by foregoing this drilling, United Energy has established that it places environmental impact over financial returns. However, United Energy may be acting in a manner consistent with its financial goals. Recent patterns of increasing annual hurricane activity have some experts questioning the long-term viability and profitability of oil wells in the area.


C for me too.

the conclusion is: UE may be acting in a manner consistent with its financial goals.
the conclusion of the environmentalist is: UE places environmental impact over financial returns.

first one is a fact, and can be used as a premise for the conclusion of the environmentalist.

(A) The first supports the conclusion of the argument; the second calls that conclusion into question.
no, the first one does not support the conclusion of the argument. furthermore, the second does not call the conclusion into question; it is an intermediate conclusion.

(B) The first states the conclusion of the argument; the second supports that conclusion.
no, the first one is a fact, it is not a conclusion. the second one is an intermediate conclusion, and it does not support the main conclusion.

(C) The first supports the environmentalists’ conclusion; the second states that conclusion.
looks good.

(D) The first states the environmentalists’ conclusion; the second provides a consideration in support of that conclusion.
the functions should be vice versa. let's see why:
UE envir>$, therefore greater revenues could be generated from oil wells. doesn't make sense.
now, let's try the correct way: greater revenues could be generated from oil wells. since UE uses windmills, UE established that it places EI over fin. returns. - now this looks better.

(E) The first supports the conclusion of the argument; the second also supports the conclusion of the argument.
no, the first is a general fact, and it does not support the conclusion. the second as well does not support the conclusion.
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Re: United Energy recently invested in a series of large  [#permalink]

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New post 03 Feb 2016, 04:39
The first is a fact (evidence) that supports the second claim (conclusion).
Choice C is correct.
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Re: United Energy recently invested in a series of large  [#permalink]

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New post 05 Feb 2016, 03:13
The first is a fact (finding, evidence) ; A - C – E
The second is claim (conclusion) – C
Đáp án C.
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Re: United Energy recently invested in a series of large  [#permalink]

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New post 26 Jul 2016, 16:20
Hi Yuvraj/ Whoever is preparing for GMAT now,

As mentioned in one of the posts earlier, I am big big fan of the @egmat's strategy for bold face questions. Even though you may not get more than 2 bold face questions on the test but just having one more CR type question under you control adds a lot to the confidence. I had a similar problem with bold face questions but i THINK i am much much better now.

To summarise, the strategy asks you to do two things:

1. Tag each statement ( including bold faces) of the argument as the possible options: conclusion / belief / evidence/ explanation/ pattern etc.
2. CLEARLY understand the meaning of each of these options.

I generally dont use the notepad to solve CR questions but I ensure that write down the what i mentioned above while solving BF questions before I proceed to the options. This will help you a LOT in not getting confused.

I hope this helps. Let me know if you need any other information, I will be more than happy to help :) All the best ! :)

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Re: United Energy recently invested in a series of large   [#permalink] 26 Jul 2016, 16:20

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