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Re: Unlike George Wallace in 1968 and John Anderson in 1980, [#permalink]
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This sentence presents a contrast as indicated by the word – unlike. It states that H.Ross Perot’s independent run for presidency in 1992 arose from a desire to establish a viable third party in American politics. This was not the motive for George Wallace in 1968 and John Anderson in 1980.

Option A :- This sentence does not establish parallel comparison. The non-underlined portion of the sentence contains element 2 of the comparison – Perot’s independent run for the presidency. Thus, the underlined portion of the sentence should also be the candidacy or independent run of other two people.
Choice B: Parallelism Comparison Error as in Choice A.
Choice C: Parallelism Comparison Error as in Choice A. In addition, “which” is used incorrectly to refer to people.
Choice D: Parallelism Comparison Error as in Choice A.
Choice E: No errors.
Thus, Choice E is the correct answer.
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Re: Unlike George Wallace in 1968 and John Anderson in 1980, [#permalink]
Unlike George Wallace in 1968 and John Anderson in 1980, both of whom running as independent candidates, H. Ross Perot’s independent run for presidency in 1992 arose not from an unsuccessful effort to gain a major party nomination but from a desire to establish a viable third party in American politics.

A.George Wallace in 1968 and John Anderson in 1980, both of whom running as independent candidates, -- comparison error ;
B.George Wallace in 1968 and John Anderson in 1980, each of whom ran as independent candidates, -- comparison error

C.George Wallace in 1968 and John Anderson in 1980, both of which ran as an independent candidate, -- comparison error ; usage of which to refer to people is incorrect

D.the independent candidates, George Wallace in 1968 and John Anderson in 1980, -- comparison error

E.the independent candidacies of George Wallace in 1968 and John Anderson in 1980, - Correct

Answer E
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Re: Unlike George Wallace in 1968 and John Anderson in 1980, [#permalink]
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Skywalker18 wrote:
Unlike George Wallace in 1968 and John Anderson in 1980, both of whom running as independent candidates, H. Ross Perot’s independent run for presidency in 1992 arose not from an unsuccessful effort to gain a major party nomination but from a desire to establish a viable third party in American politics.

A.George Wallace in 1968 and John Anderson in 1980, both of whom running as independent candidates, -- comparison error ;
B.George Wallace in 1968 and John Anderson in 1980, each of whom ran as independent candidates, -- comparison error

C.George Wallace in 1968 and John Anderson in 1980, both of which ran as an independent candidate, -- comparison error ; usage of which to refer to people is incorrect

D.the independent candidates, George Wallace in 1968 and John Anderson in 1980, -- comparison error

E.the independent candidacies of George Wallace in 1968 and John Anderson in 1980, - Correct

Answer E

Dear TaN1213,

I'm happy to respond. :-)

It surprises me that this is an official question, because it might be seen as a tad controversial (George Wallace was more controversial than either John Anderson or Ross Perot!) and because it's on the easy side.

Big picture: the second term of the comparison is "H. Ross Perot’s independent run for presidency," i.e. his candidacy. We need to compare candidacy to candidacy, not person to person. (A)-(D) begin with people--they are set up for a person to person comparison, so these all construct an illogical comparison. That's the problem with (A)-(D): they start with people.

The part you highlighted was not connected to this but a further distractor.
A.) George Wallace in 1968 and John Anderson in 1980, both of whom running as independent candidates,
The relative pronoun "whom," like "who" and "which," open a dependent clause, a full clause, and like any full clause, this needs a full verb, not merely a participle.

B.) George Wallace in 1968 and John Anderson in 1980, each of whom ran as independent candidates,
The highlighted structure is 100% correct, within the larger illogical design of the sentence overall.

C.) George Wallace in 1968 and John Anderson in 1980, both of which ran as an independent candidate,
We cannot refer to human beings with "which"--that sounds too dehumanizing.

Does all this make sense?
Mike :-)
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Re: Unlike George Wallace in 1968 and John Anderson in 1980, [#permalink]
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

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Re: Unlike George Wallace in 1968 and John Anderson in 1980, [#permalink]
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