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New post 16 Sep 2014, 01:56
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Our lethargic city center will not be adequately revitalized simply by expanding residential space in the form of high-priced condominiums, but must be aided by incentives for investment in small businesses. The revenue generated by condominium sales may indeed be helpful, but our expectations for economic growth can not be one-sided, nor can the residents of these so called "luxury living spaces" be expected to subsist without service industries operating within a reasonable distance. The city council must be aggressive in drawing new restaurants, laundries, childcare facilities, and the like to the city center - or the revitalization project will certainly fail.

Which of the following, if true, would most strengthen the argument that incentives for small businesses must be part of the city's revitalization project?


A. A case study of a similarly-sized city that traces the positive contributions of small businesses to urban renewal.
B. A petition from a citizens' group supporting incentives for small business in the city center.
C. A 100% sale rate for the most expensive condominiums in city center neighborhoods.
D. An article arguing that abundant, comfortable housing for young professionals is necessary for urban renewal.
E. A professor at a local university argues that encouraging small business in the city center will drain the resources available for renewal.
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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New post 16 Sep 2014, 01:56
Official Solution:


Our lethargic city center will not be adequately revitalized simply by expanding residential space in the form of high-priced condominiums, but must be aided by incentives for investment in small businesses. The revenue generated by condominium sales may indeed be helpful, but our expectations for economic growth can not be one-sided, nor can the residents of these so called "luxury living spaces" be expected to subsist without service industries operating within a reasonable distance. The city council must be aggressive in drawing new restaurants, laundries, childcare facilities, and the like to the city center - or the revitalization project will certainly fail.

Which of the following, if true, would most strengthen the argument that incentives for small businesses must be part of the city's revitalization project?


A. A case study of a similarly-sized city that traces the positive contributions of small businesses to urban renewal.
B. A petition from a citizens' group supporting incentives for small business in the city center.
C. A 100% sale rate for the most expensive condominiums in city center neighborhoods.
D. An article arguing that abundant, comfortable housing for young professionals is necessary for urban renewal.
E. A professor at a local university argues that encouraging small business in the city center will drain the resources available for renewal.


Situation:Someone interested in renewing the city center argues the city council should encourage small business in the area.

Reasoning: Which is the strongest point in support of encouraging small business? The passage argues that, not only is small business essential to the renewal of the city center, but also that the condominium projects currently underway will not succeed without service industry small business. For the argument to be strengthened, evidence is needed that small business does in fact contribute to urban renewal.
  1. A case study from a city of similar size where small business has been shown to aid in urban renewal will strengthen the argument that a similar goal should be set in this city.
  2. This may demonstrate that small business is important to local residents, but it does not demonstrate that small business will aid urban renewal.
  3. This item confirms the popularity of condominium developments, but does not directly address the question of small business.
  4. The author argues explicitly that housing can not be the only concern of an urban renewal project.
  5. This is actually an argument against encouraging small business.

Answer: A
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Re: V02-02 [#permalink]

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New post 09 Dec 2015, 04:44
Although the answer addresses that small business will help, it does not address how it will all fail if small business are not supported.
Am I missing something?
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New post 18 Aug 2016, 03:34
I think this is a poor-quality question and the explanation isn't clear enough, please elaborate. i agree with swanidhi.
if no business owner wants to come in to the new area, then the plan will fail.
Please explain

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V02-02 [#permalink]

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New post 18 Aug 2016, 05:28
tae808 wrote:
I think this is a poor-quality question and the explanation isn't clear enough, please elaborate. i agree with swanidhi.
if no business owner wants to come in to the new area, then the plan will fail.
Please explain


This is a strengthen type question. Example of another "similarly-sized city that traces the positive contributions of small businesses to urban renewal" does not ensure that the same will be repeated in this project as well, but it gives more support in favor of small businesses. You are right in saying that the plan may still fail because of some element that is not similar to the previous project, but that does not play any role in disqualifying an element that is similar from being a strengthening point.

While evaluating an argument on the basis of a previous event, similar elements would strengthen and dissimilar elements would weaken the argument.

The negation technique that Swanidhi has mentioned is applicable for assumption type questions, not for strengthen type questions.

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New post 18 Aug 2016, 06:14
sayantanc2k wrote:
tae808 wrote:
I think this is a poor-quality question and the explanation isn't clear enough, please elaborate. i agree with swanidhi.
if no business owner wants to come in to the new area, then the plan will fail.
Please explain


This is a strengthen type question. Example of another "similarly-sized city that traces the positive contributions of small businesses to urban renewal" does not ensure that the same will be repeated in this project as well, but it gives more support in favor of small businesses. You are right in saying that the plan may still fail because of some element that is not similar to the previous project, but that does not play any role in disqualifying an element that is similar from being a strengthening point.

While evaluating an argument on the basis of a previous event, similar elements would strengthen and dissimilar elements would weaken the argument.

The negation technique that Swanidhi has mentioned is applicable for assumption type questions, not for strengthen type questions.


ohhhh.... ok... make sense now.

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New post 20 Oct 2017, 08:12
I think this is a poor-quality question and the explanation isn't clear enough, please elaborate.

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Re V02-02   [#permalink] 20 Oct 2017, 08:12
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