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V08-01

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Lack of fresh water is an ongoing problem in the outposts, and it is expected to continue until reinforcements arrive.

A. Lack of fresh water is an ongoing problem in the outposts, and it is expected to continue until reinforcements arrive.
B. Lack of fresh water is an ongoing problem in the outposts, which was expected to continue until reinforcements arrive.
C. Lack of fresh water is an ongoing problem in the outposts, and they are expected to continue until reinforcements arrive.
D. The outposts lacked fresh water, this problem is expected to continue until reinforcements arrive.
E. The outposts have a lack of fresh water, a problem expected to continue until reinforcements arrive.
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Re V08-01 [#permalink]

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New post 30 Jul 2015, 07:26
Official Solution:

Lack of fresh water is an ongoing problem in the outposts, and it is expected to continue until reinforcements arrive.

A. Lack of fresh water is an ongoing problem in the outposts, and it is expected to continue until reinforcements arrive.
B. Lack of fresh water is an ongoing problem in the outposts, which was expected to continue until reinforcements arrive.
C. Lack of fresh water is an ongoing problem in the outposts, and they are expected to continue until reinforcements arrive.
D. The outposts lacked fresh water, this problem is expected to continue until reinforcements arrive.
E. The outposts have a lack of fresh water, a problem expected to continue until reinforcements arrive.

(A) The pronoun it has an unclear antecedent (B) The pronoun which has an unclear antecedent (C) The plural pronoun they could only refer to outposts, which implies that the outposts are expected to continue rather than the problem (D) Run-on sentence. Two independent clauses cannot be joined using a comma only. (E) Correct. "A problem" correctly refers to a lack of fresh water at the outposts; the sentence is concise and correct. It is not necessary to use that, as in choice D.

Answer: E
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Re: V08-01 [#permalink]

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New post 06 Aug 2015, 23:07
B/w D and E,

I thought D is more concise and meaning is clear.

The outposts lack fresh water => This is a problem.

Why does solution say that problem is fresh water. I think meaning is clear.

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Re: V08-01 [#permalink]

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I think this is a poor-quality question. In Option D , " a problem " is modifying an entire clause " The Outposts lack fresh water " Whats wrong in that ?

In E , The outposts have a lack of fresh water ......... Why we need " have " ... Its like .... Only "Lack" completes the sentence ..Why we need " Have a lack"

Can anyone explain this ?

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Re: V08-01 [#permalink]

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New post 13 Aug 2015, 23:06
Hi souvik101990

I'm not sure if i understand correctly, why E is right and D is wrong. Could you please elaborate what is the problem with D ?

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Re: V08-01 [#permalink]

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New post 25 Sep 2015, 10:13
I think this is a high-quality question and I don't agree with the explanation. The correct answer should be (D)

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Re: V08-01 [#permalink]

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New post 31 Oct 2015, 10:55
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Another poor quality question. While GMAT CLUB quant test questions are worth every penny, I am not sure whether the same can be said for verbal test questions.

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Re: V08-01 [#permalink]

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New post 06 Dec 2015, 16:48
souvik101990, I disagree with your explanation. D is far the best answer choice.
We have noun+noun modifier. A noun+noun modifier is a very versatile and flexible modifier, and it can modify a noun from the preceding clause, the whole clause, or even an action from the preceding clause.


D. The outposts lack fresh water, a problem that is expected to continue until reinforcements arrive.
The outposts lack fresh water - this is a problem, the whole action is a problem. Noun+noun modifier is correctly used to modify the action of "lacking water".

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Re: V08-01 [#permalink]

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New post 20 Apr 2016, 03:24
Yep poor quality: the noun + noun modifier, a problem that is modifying the entire clause, so D is also correct.
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Re: V08-01 [#permalink]

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New post 03 Jun 2016, 04:23
I think this the explanation isn't clear enough, please elaborate. Its been a day i bought this package from gmatclub. Given an option i would want a refund. I have not used the set yet. OA and questions are not good.

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Re: V08-01 [#permalink]

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New post 11 Jun 2016, 08:57
rpriya wrote:
I think this the explanation isn't clear enough, please elaborate. Its been a day i bought this package from gmatclub. Given an option i would want a refund. I have not used the set yet. OA and questions are not good.


The options D and E both are grammatically correct. These options uses "absolute phrase"modifier, which has the following structure:
Noun + noun modifier

An absolute phrase refers to an entire clause, either preceding it or following it.

Here,

noun = problem
modifier = option D. that is expected to continue until reinforcements arrive / option E.expected to continue until reinforcements arrive

We are in the process of revising the question.

In case you do not agree with any OA or OE, please free to comment and in case you need urgent response / explanation, feel free to send a message to me with a link to your post / query. Nonetheless it would be easier to explain if you could specify which point you do not agree with or need explanation for.

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Re: V08-01 [#permalink]

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New post 13 Jun 2016, 04:59
sayantanc2k wrote:
rpriya wrote:
I think this the explanation isn't clear enough, please elaborate. Its been a day i bought this package from gmatclub. Given an option i would want a refund. I have not used the set yet. OA and questions are not good.


The options D and E both are grammatically correct. These options uses "absolute phrase"modifier, which has the following structure:
Noun + noun modifier

An absolute phrase refers to an entire clause, either preceding it or following it.

Here,

noun = problem
modifier = option D. that is expected to continue until reinforcements arrive / option E.expected to continue until reinforcements arrive

We are in the process of revising the question.

In case you do not agree with any OA or OE, please free to comment and in case you need urgent response / explanation, feel free to send a message to me with a link to your post / query. Nonetheless it would be easier to explain if you could specify which point you do not agree with or need explanation for.


Completely messed up on this one. I marked option A. I thought "it" refers to problem ? Besides the phrase "have a lack of fresh water" seems a little absurd. sayantanc2k , can you please help me with this ?
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Re: V08-01 [#permalink]

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New post 18 Jun 2016, 12:49
spetznaz wrote:
sayantanc2k wrote:
rpriya wrote:
I think this the explanation isn't clear enough, please elaborate. Its been a day i bought this package from gmatclub. Given an option i would want a refund. I have not used the set yet. OA and questions are not good.


The options D and E both are grammatically correct. These options uses "absolute phrase"modifier, which has the following structure:
Noun + noun modifier

An absolute phrase refers to an entire clause, either preceding it or following it.

Here,

noun = problem
modifier = option D. that is expected to continue until reinforcements arrive / option E.expected to continue until reinforcements arrive

We are in the process of revising the question.

In case you do not agree with any OA or OE, please free to comment and in case you need urgent response / explanation, feel free to send a message to me with a link to your post / query. Nonetheless it would be easier to explain if you could specify which point you do not agree with or need explanation for.


Completely messed up on this one. I marked option A. I thought "it" refers to problem ? Besides the phrase "have a lack of fresh water" seems a little absurd. sayantanc2k , can you please help me with this ?


If a pronoun is subject of a clause and has two possible antecedents in the sentence, one of them subject of another clause in the sentence, then the pronoun would refer to the subject antecedent by virtue of parallelism.

Option A:
Pronoun: "it" - subject of a clause
Two possible antecedents" "lack", "problem"
Antecedent "lack" - subject of another clause.
Hence "it" refers to "lack", not "problem".
This reference is wrong since "it" should actually refer to "problem".

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Re: V08-01 [#permalink]

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Agreed poorly constructed problem
In A "it" refers to problem , no?

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Re: V08-01 [#permalink]

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New post 27 Jun 2016, 01:27
sayantanc2k, why do you think that "it" can refer to water? Referral should be logical, the only antecedent that makes logical sense for "it" is "problem". Otherwise there would be "water is expected to continue", which is illogical.

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Re: V08-01 [#permalink]

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New post 29 Jun 2016, 11:24
manlog wrote:
sayantanc2k, why do you think that "it" can refer to water? Referral should be logical, the only antecedent that makes logical sense for "it" is "problem". Otherwise there would be "water is expected to continue", which is illogical.


Please refer to the post above:
v08-202564.html#p1698625

I would like to elaborate further on this explanation. The pronoun "it" has 3 possible antecedents: "lack", "water" and "problem". Such usage is NOT considered ambiguous because by virtue of parallelism the pronoun "it", which is the subject of a clause, refers to "lack", which is the subject of another clause - such usages have been accepted in GMAT. Nonetheless here this reference is wrong since the intended meaning is that "problem" is expected to continue, and "it" should refer to "problem", not "lack".

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Re: V08-01 [#permalink]

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New post 29 Jun 2016, 11:38
sayantanc2k wrote:
manlog wrote:
sayantanc2k, why do you think that "it" can refer to water? Referral should be logical, the only antecedent that makes logical sense for "it" is "problem". Otherwise there would be "water is expected to continue", which is illogical.


Please refer to the post above:
v08-202564.html#p1698625

I would like to elaborate further on this explanation. The pronoun "it" has 3 possible antecedents: "lack", "water" and "problem". Such usage is NOT considered ambiguous because by virtue of parallelism the pronoun "it", which is the subject of a clause, refers to "lack", which is the subject of another clause - such usages have been accepted in GMAT. Nonetheless here this reference is wrong since the intended meaning is that "problem" is expected to continue, and "it" should refer to "problem", not "lack".


Now I see, thanks. But why do you think that "it" should refer to "problem"? Maybe it's a stupid claim, but why can't it be that "lack is expected to continue"? The original sentence doesn't give any clue on that. Moreover, if we use the original meaning, then "it" refers to lack and we have to use it as a guidance for the intended logical meaning.

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Re: V08-01 [#permalink]

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New post 08 Jul 2016, 06:27
i think option E is correct but the above explanation is not satisfactory. Here the problem is "lack of fresh water", not "outposts lacked fresh water".the noun modifier "a problem" correctly modifies the preceding noun "a lack".

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Re: V08-01 [#permalink]

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New post 08 Jul 2016, 06:41
manlog wrote:
sayantanc2k wrote:
manlog wrote:
sayantanc2k, why do you think that "it" can refer to water? Referral should be logical, the only antecedent that makes logical sense for "it" is "problem". Otherwise there would be "water is expected to continue", which is illogical.


Please refer to the post above:
v08-202564.html#p1698625

I would like to elaborate further on this explanation. The pronoun "it" has 3 possible antecedents: "lack", "water" and "problem". Such usage is NOT considered ambiguous because by virtue of parallelism the pronoun "it", which is the subject of a clause, refers to "lack", which is the subject of another clause - such usages have been accepted in GMAT. Nonetheless here this reference is wrong since the intended meaning is that "problem" is expected to continue, and "it" should refer to "problem", not "lack".


Now I see, thanks. But why do you think that "it" should refer to "problem"? Maybe it's a stupid claim, but why can't it be that "lack is expected to continue"? The original sentence doesn't give any clue on that. Moreover, if we use the original meaning, then "it" refers to lack and we have to use it as a guidance for the intended logical meaning.


The usage "The lack continued for 7 days" is awkward. The word "deficiency" could be used instead.

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Re: V08-01 [#permalink]

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New post 08 Jul 2016, 06:51
mrinmoyc987 wrote:
i think option E is correct but the above explanation is not satisfactory. Here the problem is "lack of fresh water", not "outposts lacked fresh water".the noun modifier "a problem" correctly modifies the preceding noun "a lack".


Please take a look at the revised explanation.

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Re: V08-01   [#permalink] 08 Jul 2016, 06:51

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