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# V10-21

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Founder
Joined: 04 Dec 2002
Posts: 17136
Location: United States (WA)
GMAT 1: 750 Q49 V42
GPA: 3.5

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17 Aug 2015, 12:08
00:00

Difficulty:

65% (hard)

Question Stats:

40% (00:51) correct 60% (01:31) wrong based on 25 sessions

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The requirement of using standardized tests such as the SAT and ACT in undergraduate admissions decisions has long been debated. A recent report from the National Association for College Admission Council (NACAC) recommends that more colleges consider switching to a test-optional admissions policy. Although the report acknowledges that a blanket approach cannot be applied to all colleges, it states that “The Commission encourages institutions to consider dropping the admission test requirements if it is determined that the predictive utility of the test or the admission policies of the institution (such as open access) support that decision and if the institution believes that standardized test results would not be necessary for other reasons such as course placement, advising, or research.”

The reports agrees with the conventional wisdom that standardized tests are a strong predictor of first-year grades, and even agrees that they are a strong predictor of full four-year grades. Speaking about the SAT and ACT, the report states that “The Commission is in agreement that the tests measure what they purport to measure.” However, the authors recommend that overall college success be defined by a broader set of criteria than first-year grades. College success can be defined in terms of overall degree attainment, a range of GPAs, post-college employment, or progression to graduate school. When defined in this way, there are tests that may be even more predictive of overall college success than the SAT and ACT. These are the College Board’s Advanced Placement exams and the International Baccalaureate Examinations. These tests have two benefits: First, they measure knowledge of portions of the actual high school curriculum. Second, there is little test prep industry around these exams, so students have less ability to buy their way to a good score.

Despite the Commission’s recommendations, it acknowledges that high school students may experience some disadvantages if they do not take the usual standardized tests. For example, a student’s PSAT scores are used in the initial screen of eligibility for National Merit scholarships. A student that skips the PSAT passes up a scholarship opportunity. Additionally, colleges themselves have an incentive to require high SAT scores: the ranking tables of major publications depend heavily on a school’s average test scores. In its report, the Commission recommends that these publications stop using test scores as a measure of institutional quality.

The passage implies that which of the following is not a valid reason for a college to switch to a test-optional policy?

A. The college does not believe in the predictive power of standardized tests
B. Standardized tests are necessary for first-year course placement
C. The college has an open access policy in admissions decisions
E. The college has a broad definition of student success including degree attainment and post-college employment

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Joined: 04 Dec 2002
Posts: 17136
Location: United States (WA)
GMAT 1: 750 Q49 V42
GPA: 3.5

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17 Aug 2015, 12:08
Official Solution:

The requirement of using standardized tests such as the SAT and ACT in undergraduate admissions decisions has long been debated. A recent report from the National Association for College Admission Council (NACAC) recommends that more colleges consider switching to a test-optional admissions policy. Although the report acknowledges that a blanket approach cannot be applied to all colleges, it states that “The Commission encourages institutions to consider dropping the admission test requirements if it is determined that the predictive utility of the test or the admission policies of the institution (such as open access) support that decision and if the institution believes that standardized test results would not be necessary for other reasons such as course placement, advising, or research.”

The reports agrees with the conventional wisdom that standardized tests are a strong predictor of first-year grades, and even agrees that they are a strong predictor of full four-year grades. Speaking about the SAT and ACT, the report states that “The Commission is in agreement that the tests measure what they purport to measure.” However, the authors recommend that overall college success be defined by a broader set of criteria than first-year grades. College success can be defined in terms of overall degree attainment, a range of GPAs, post-college employment, or progression to graduate school. When defined in this way, there are tests that may be even more predictive of overall college success than the SAT and ACT. These are the College Board’s Advanced Placement exams and the International Baccalaureate Examinations. These tests have two benefits: First, they measure knowledge of portions of the actual high school curriculum. Second, there is little test prep industry around these exams, so students have less ability to buy their way to a good score.

Despite the Commission’s recommendations, it acknowledges that high school students may experience some disadvantages if they do not take the usual standardized tests. For example, a student’s PSAT scores are used in the initial screen of eligibility for National Merit scholarships. A student that skips the PSAT passes up a scholarship opportunity. Additionally, colleges themselves have an incentive to require high SAT scores: the ranking tables of major publications depend heavily on a school’s average test scores. In its report, the Commission recommends that these publications stop using test scores as a measure of institutional quality.

The passage implies that which of the following is not a valid reason for a college to switch to a test-optional policy?

A. The college does not believe in the predictive power of standardized tests
B. Standardized tests are necessary for first-year course placement
C. The college has an open access policy in admissions decisions
E. The college has a broad definition of student success including degree attainment and post-college employment

(A) This is a reason for the college to switch to a test-optional policy.

(B) Correct. If standardized tests are necessary for first-year course placement, then the college should not switch to a test-optional policy.

(C) This is a reason for the college to switch to a test-optional policy.

(D) If SAT scores are not helpful for course placement, then the college could switch to a test-optional policy.

(E) This is a reason for the college to switch to a test-optional policy.

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Senior Manager
Joined: 13 Oct 2016
Posts: 283
GMAT 1: 600 Q44 V28

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15 Jul 2017, 06:13
Could some one please explain me that why option B is the right answer. I selected option A.
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Joined: 03 Feb 2018
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10 Nov 2018, 11:47
bb wrote:
Official Solution:

The requirement of using standardized tests such as the SAT and ACT in undergraduate admissions decisions has long been debated. A recent report from the National Association for College Admission Council (NACAC) recommends that more colleges consider switching to a test-optional admissions policy. Although the report acknowledges that a blanket approach cannot be applied to all colleges, it states that “The Commission encourages institutions to consider dropping the admission test requirements if it is determined that the predictive utility of the test or the admission policies of the institution (such as open access) support that decision and if the institution believes that standardized test results would not be necessary for other reasons such as course placement, advising, or research.”

The reports agrees with the conventional wisdom that standardized tests are a strong predictor of first-year grades, and even agrees that they are a strong predictor of full four-year grades. Speaking about the SAT and ACT, the report states that “The Commission is in agreement that the tests measure what they purport to measure.” However, the authors recommend that overall college success be defined by a broader set of criteria than first-year grades. College success can be defined in terms of overall degree attainment, a range of GPAs, post-college employment, or progression to graduate school. When defined in this way, there are tests that may be even more predictive of overall college success than the SAT and ACT. These are the College Board’s Advanced Placement exams and the International Baccalaureate Examinations. These tests have two benefits: First, they measure knowledge of portions of the actual high school curriculum. Second, there is little test prep industry around these exams, so students have less ability to buy their way to a good score.

Despite the Commission’s recommendations, it acknowledges that high school students may experience some disadvantages if they do not take the usual standardized tests. For example, a student’s PSAT scores are used in the initial screen of eligibility for National Merit scholarships. A student that skips the PSAT passes up a scholarship opportunity. Additionally, colleges themselves have an incentive to require high SAT scores: the ranking tables of major publications depend heavily on a school’s average test scores. In its report, the Commission recommends that these publications stop using test scores as a measure of institutional quality.

The passage implies that which of the following is not a valid reason for a college to switch to a test-optional policy?

A. The college does not believe in the predictive power of standardized tests
B. Standardized tests are necessary for first-year course placement
C. The college has an open access policy in admissions decisions
E. The college has a broad definition of student success including degree attainment and post-college employment

(A) This is a reason for the college to switch to a test-optional policy.

(B) Correct. If standardized tests are necessary for first-year course placement, then the college should not switch to a test-optional policy.

(C) This is a reason for the college to switch to a test-optional policy.

(D) If SAT scores are not helpful for course placement, then the college could switch to a test-optional policy.

(E) This is a reason for the college to switch to a test-optional policy.

Hi,

Intern
Joined: 29 Sep 2018
Posts: 3

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21 Nov 2018, 15:41
going by the same notion, all options can be explained in similar fashion. I am absolutely lost on this one.
Intern
Joined: 09 Dec 2018
Posts: 1

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12 Dec 2018, 17:27
dehumaniser wrote:
going by the same notion, all options can be explained in similar fashion. I am absolutely lost on this one.

Hi guys, pretty new to the forum here, but I'll give this one a shot. This was my approach:

I found it easier to flip the question around so that it reads "The passage implies that which of the following is a valid reason for a college to switch to a test-optional policy?"

A - "The college does believe in the predictive power of standardized tests" - If the college believes in the predictive power, then this is a reason not to switch to test-optional.

B - "Standardized tests are not necessary for first-year course placement" - If standardized tests don't help with course placement, then this is a reason to switch to test-optional.

C - "The college doesn't have an open access policy in admissions decisions" - Paragraph 1 states that open access is a reason to switch to test-optional. Therefore, if the college doesn't have an open access policy, then it would not switch to test-optional.

D - "SAT scores are helpful for academic advisors that help students choose first-year courses" - If SAT scores are helpful for advisors, then the college should not switch to test-optional.

E - "The college doesn't have a broad definition of student success including degree attainment and post-college employment" - Paragraph 2 states that the SAT/ACT are meant to predict first-year and four-year grades, not "overall degree attainment, a range of GPAs, post-college employment, or progression to graduate school." Therefore, if a college has a narrow definition of success (i.e. first-year and four-year grades), then the college should not switch to test-optional.

Answer B is the only option that correctly answers the newly worded question. Hope this helps!
Manager
Joined: 28 Jul 2016
Posts: 212
Location: India
Concentration: Finance, Human Resources
GPA: 3.97

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25 Dec 2018, 20:11
why is option C "The college has an open access policy in admissions decision" wrong.
This is a valid reason to nt to switch to optional SAT
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Re: V10-21 &nbs [#permalink] 25 Dec 2018, 20:11
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# V10-21

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