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# V11-02

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20 Nov 2015, 11:11
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85% (hard)

Question Stats:

48% (01:41) correct 52% (01:53) wrong based on 107 sessions

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As cultural hybridity, new religious practices in Thailand express a mix of reality and non-reality or mythic elements, which Foucault (1986) defined as “heterotopias”, spaces that have many layers of meaning or relationships to other places than immediately meet the eye.

A. new religious practices in Thailand express a mix of reality and non-reality or mythic elements, which Foucault (1986) defined as “heterotopias”, spaces that have many layers of meaning or relationships to other places than
B. new religious practices in Thailand express a mix of reality and non-reality or mythic elements, which Foucault (1986) defined as “heterotopias”, spaces that have many layers of meaning or relationships to other places as
C. new religious practices in Thailand express a mix of reality and non-reality or mythic elements, which Foucault (1986) defined as “heterotopias”, a term that describes spaces that have more layers of meaning or relationships to other places than
D. new religious practices in Thailand express a mix of reality and non-reality with mythic elements, which Foucault (1986) defined as “heterotopias”, a term that describes spaces, that have more layers of meaning or relationships than other places, which
E. new religious practices in Thailand express a mix of reality and non-reality or mythic elements, and Foucault (1986) defined them as “heterotopias” , spaces that have more layers of meaning or relationships to other places that

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20 Nov 2015, 11:11
Official Solution:

As cultural hybridity, new religious practices in Thailand express a mix of reality and non-reality or mythic elements, which Foucault (1986) defined as “heterotopias”, spaces that have many layers of meaning or relationships to other places than immediately meet the eye.

A. new religious practices in Thailand express a mix of reality and non-reality or mythic elements, which Foucault (1986) defined as “heterotopias”, spaces that have many layers of meaning or relationships to other places than
B. new religious practices in Thailand express a mix of reality and non-reality or mythic elements, which Foucault (1986) defined as “heterotopias”, spaces that have many layers of meaning or relationships to other places as
C. new religious practices in Thailand express a mix of reality and non-reality or mythic elements, which Foucault (1986) defined as “heterotopias”, a term that describes spaces that have more layers of meaning or relationships to other places than
D. new religious practices in Thailand express a mix of reality and non-reality with mythic elements, which Foucault (1986) defined as “heterotopias”, a term that describes spaces, that have more layers of meaning or relationships than other places, which
E. new religious practices in Thailand express a mix of reality and non-reality or mythic elements, and Foucault (1986) defined them as “heterotopias” , spaces that have more layers of meaning or relationships to other places that

(A) “than” requires a comparative degree such as “more”. “Many” does not work.

(B) “as” cannot be used in this usage as it seemingly modifies “places” instead of “spaces”. Also many_______ as _______ is wrong usage.

(C) Correct: fixes the errors with the more____ than____ structure.

(D) Which modifies places but meeting the eye is talking about “spaces”. Also “more” needs “than” for reference.

(E) More needs than.

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06 Dec 2015, 16:34
bb, with all due respect, I disagree with option C, and here is my reasoning:

As something something, something else.
This is a correct structure. Note that AS here has the same meaning as "because".

Let's analyze the whole sentence:

C. As cultural hybridity new religious practices in Thailand express a mix of reality and non-reality or mythic elements, which Foucault (1986) defined as “heterotopias”, a term that describes spaces that have more layers of meaning or relationships to other places than immediately meet the eye.

As you can see:
As CH bla bla bla, then what? what is the result? It should be a cause-effect relationship. This doesn't make any sense. I know that GMAT doesn't test punctuation, but in this case the comma plays a crucial role. "as+noun" describes the function of something. In this case, it should describe new religious practices. The meaning: New religious practices, in the role of cultural hybridity... Therefore, a comma is needed.
Moving further, a mix of reality and non-reality - "a mix of X and Y" - I don't know if it's a valid idiom, and because of the error at the beginning of the sentence, I simply rejected this answer choice.
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09 Dec 2015, 04:11
I think this is a poor-quality question and I don't agree with the explanation. Shouldn't there be a comma before 'new religions'?
I immediately eliminated other choices on this reasoning.
Please explain the case if my reasoning is flawed
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10 Apr 2016, 19:01
swanidhi wrote:
I think this is a poor-quality question and I don't agree with the explanation. Shouldn't there be a comma before 'new religions'?
I immediately eliminated other choices on this reasoning.
Please explain the case if my reasoning is flawed

I agree. Eliminated all other choices based on comma.
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20 Apr 2016, 09:39
We can use "as" in four ways in GMAT.

1 as follows clause, clause follows.

2 we can use as a reason such as since,and because .

3 we can use in the place of while, when for simultaneous action,

4 we can use as a position.
As a manager, I want to take care of sales and closing of garment industy.

here As cultural hybridity, as a position used.

here usage of which is non essential modifier, so it is placed between two commas. then spaces has to modify mythic elements or it looks modify heteropias.
here modifier spaces looks ambiguous.

when comparison usage of more is correct than many.

in option C
Noun + noun modifier is correctly used.
a term that
here noun is a term that is clause(modifier) . It is a versatlie modifier . it can modify noun, verb, or clause entity.

So option C is correct.
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22 Apr 2016, 23:35
Hi,

Can some one explain this question please. i am unable to figure this out. I am confused coz as per SC Manhattan, "which" cannot be used to modify an entire clause. So accordingly B, C and E are out.

Thanks
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21 Jun 2016, 06:58
I think this is a high-quality question which can be easily solved using a couple of basic concepts.

A. new religious practices in Thailand express a mix of reality and non-reality or mythic elements, which Foucault (1986) defined as “heterotopias”, spaces that have many layers of meaning or relationships to other places than
B. new religious practices in Thailand express a mix of reality and non-reality or mythic elements, which Foucault (1986) defined as “heterotopias”, spaces that have many layers of meaning or relationships to other places as
E. new religious practices in Thailand express a mix of reality and non-reality or mythic elements, and Foucault (1986) defined them as “heterotopias” , spaces that have more layers of meaning or relationships to other places that

We can eliminate this answers since "spaces that" modifies "heterotopias" but "heterotopias" isn't in fact "spaces" rather it is a term that defines a metaphorical type of spaces.

D. new religious practices in Thailand express a mix of reality and non-reality with mythic elements, which Foucault (1986) defined as “heterotopias”, a term that describes spaces, that have more layers of meaning or relationships than other places, which

We can eliminate this answer since "that" can only be used in a defining way expressing a fundamental piece of information therefore there's no need for commas.

C. new religious practices in Thailand express a mix of reality and non-reality or mythic elements, which Foucault (1986) defined as “heterotopias”, a term that describes spaces that have more layers of meaning or relationships to other places than

Answer C corrects all the errors mentioned above.
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13 Jul 2016, 22:21
1
As cultural hybridity, new religious practices in Thailand express a mix of reality and non-reality or mythic elements, which Foucault (1986) defined as “heterotopias”, spaces that have many layers of meaning or relationships to other places than immediately meet the eye.

A. new religious practices in Thailand express a mix of reality and non-reality or mythic elements, which Foucault (1986) defined as “heterotopias”, spaces that have many layers of meaning or relationships to other places than
B. new religious practices in Thailand express a mix of reality and non-reality or mythic elements, which Foucault (1986) defined as “heterotopias”, spaces that have many layers of meaning or relationships to other places as
C. new religious practices in Thailand express a mix of reality and non-reality or mythic elements, which Foucault (1986) defined as “more than meets the eye
Also found in: Wikipedia.
more (to something) than meets the eyemore than meets the eye
Also found in: Wikipedia.
more (to something) than meets the eye”, a term that describes spaces that have more layers of meaning or relationships to other places than
D. new religious practices in Thailand express a mix of reality and non-reality with mythic elements, which Foucault (1986) defined as “heterotopias”, a term that describes spaces, that have more layers of meaning or relationships than other places, which
E. new religious practices in Thailand express a mix of reality and non-reality or mythic elements, and Foucault (1986) defined them as “heterotopias” , spaces that have more layers of meaning or relationships to other places that

Another reason to eliminate B) D) and E)
The idiomatic phrase is : more than meets the eye
more (to something) than meets the eye

B) D) and E) dont seem to use this phrase correctly (plus they have other errors as stated by others)
Why C) wins over A), simply because it uses a term to describe "heterotopias".

Hope I am right.
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25 Aug 2016, 17:28
I chose D, as it is not clear to me in choice C that which two terms are being compared.
It is shown "spaces that have more layers of meaning or relationships to other places than immediately meet the eye"
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26 Aug 2016, 10:47
ravirjn wrote:
I chose D, as it is not clear to me in choice C that which two terms are being compared.
It is shown "spaces that have more layers of meaning or relationships to other places than immediately meet the eye"

The two compared elements are:
1. Number of layers of meaning / relationships the spaces have.
2. Number of layers of meaning / relationships that immediately meet the eye.

The complete structure before omission of the repeated/ unnecessary parts from the second element is:
...spaces that have more layers of meaning or relationships to other places than (layers of meaning or relationships that) immediately meet the eye.
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05 Oct 2016, 07:45
The sentence itself seems incomplete. As....., Then what?? Please throw some light on this..
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07 Oct 2016, 05:50
1
Vaishali275 wrote:
The sentence itself seems incomplete. As....., Then what?? Please throw some light on this..

Consider the following sentence:
We express our fear as anger.

This sentence can be rewritten as:
As anger we express our fear.

Do you see the structure of the question now?
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02 Apr 2017, 03:14
Hi sayantanc2k,

IMO 'which' appears to modify the entire clause 'new religious practices in Thailand express a mix of reality and non-reality or mythic elements'. Is this allowed in actual GMAT?

Please correct me if I am wrong.
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02 Apr 2017, 03:21
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Vyshak wrote:
Hi sayantanc2k,

IMO 'which' appears to modify the entire clause 'new religious practices in Thailand express a mix of reality and non-reality or mythic elements'. Is this allowed in actual GMAT?

Please correct me if I am wrong.

"Which" does not refer to the entire clause; it refers to "a mix of reality and non-reality or mythic elements" (a noun phrase). Such usage is OK.
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20 May 2017, 02:06
As cultural hybridity, new religious practices in Thailand express a mix of reality and non-reality or mythic elements, which Foucault (1986) defined as “heterotopias”, spaces that have many layers of meaning or relationships to other places than immediately meet the eye.

a)new religious practices in Thailand express a mix of reality and non-reality or mythic elements, which Foucault (1986) defined as “heterotopias”, spaces that have many layers of meaning or relationships to other places than

b)new religious practices in Thailand express a mix of reality and non-reality or mythic elements, which Foucault (1986) defined as “heterotopias”, spaces that have many layers of meaning or relationships to other places as

c) new religious practices in Thailand express a mix of reality and non-reality or mythic elements, which Foucault (1986) defined as “heterotopias”, a term that describes spaces that have more layers of meaning or relationships to other places than

d)new religious practices in Thailand express a mix of reality and non-reality with mythic elements, which Foucault (1986) defined as “heterotopias”, a term that describes spaces, that have more layers of meaning or relationships than other places, which

e)new religious practices in Thailand express a mix of reality and non-reality or mythic elements, and Foucault (1986) defined them as “heterotopias” , spaces that have more layers of meaning or relationships to other places that

Here is my reasoning of eliminated choices and doubts.

A) Firstly heterotopias is not spaces . Moreover, "than" is used without any comparative form such as more/less - eliminated
B) Same reason as A. Also "as" is not making sense in the end - as immediately meet the eye - ELIMINATED
D) comma + that is incorrect . Also changes meaning with "relationship than other places" From original sentence, the comparasion is between layers . Also, which incorrectly modifies "places" instead of layers

Between C & E
Although E had multiple issues :-
Same modifier issue with hetertopias as in A B
E had incorrect idiom "more " and no than. Also use of , and Faucalt seemed not so correct.( is it correct?)
but the presence of "that" forced me to ignore the other two major issues with this option.
(Very very ridiculous reason , I know)

Also, I was doubtful that C is correctly applying ellipsis .
I don't get how ellipsis is correct in option C.

spaces that have more layers of meaning or relationships to other places than (layers of meaning or relationships to other places that) immediately meet the eye.
"that" is not present in sentence and I have read that ellipsis uses the part which is already been used in the sentence. So how is this correct ?
Please correct my understanding for such ellipsis usage
.

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22 May 2017, 19:12
1
I have same query that prachi18oct has.
I also think "that" should be repeated, otherwise the whole sentence becomes ambiguous.

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22 Oct 2017, 12:28
sayantanc2k wrote:
ravirjn wrote:
I chose D, as it is not clear to me in choice C that which two terms are being compared.
It is shown "spaces that have more layers of meaning or relationships to other places than immediately meet the eye"

The two compared elements are:
1. Number of layers of meaning / relationships the spaces have.
2. Number of layers of meaning / relationships that immediately meet the eye.

The complete structure before omission of the repeated/ unnecessary parts from the second element is:
...spaces that have more layers of meaning or relationships to other places than (layers of meaning or relationships that) immediately meet the eye.

sayantanc2k,

unfortunately this isn't clear to me yet. I am still struggling to figure out what exactly is being compared. IF I abbreviate "layers of meaning or relationships" as LMR, then we have:

... spaces that have more LMR to other places than (LMR that) immediately meet the eye. So does this mean we are comparing "LMR to other places" with "LMR that immediately meet the eye"?
Is it like saying: I have more apples of Fuji type than Gala.... meaning I (i.e. spaces) have more apples of Fuji type (i.e. more LMR to other places) than apples of Gala type (i.e. than LMR that immediately meet the eye.

Now I do understand how Fuji and Gala types may be compared, but I do not understand how "other places" and "immediately meet the eye" are being compared.
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