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# V11-15

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V11-15  [#permalink]

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15 Dec 2015, 07:32
00:00

Difficulty:

65% (hard)

Question Stats:

52% (00:48) correct 48% (00:41) wrong based on 228 sessions

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A Dartmouth-led research team has discovered that unlike the males of most species of crickets, a certain group of male crickets call female crickets to them by the use of high frequency sounds, but not low frequency ones, and they use high frequency sounds similar to that of a predator such as a bat.

A. a certain group of male crickets call female crickets to them by the use of high frequency sounds, but not low frequency ones, and they use high
B. a certain group of male crickets call female crickets to them by the use of high frequency sounds, rather than using low frequency ones, and use high
C. the males of a certain group of crickets call female crickets to them using high frequency sounds, rather than low frequency ones, high
D. the males of a certain group of crickets call female crickets to them by using high frequency sounds, but not low frequency ones, they use high
E. the males of a certain group of crickets call female crickets to them using high frequency sounds, rather than low frequency ones, and using high

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Re V11-15  [#permalink]

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15 Dec 2015, 07:32
Official Solution:

A Dartmouth-led research team has discovered that unlike the males of most species of crickets, a certain group of male crickets call female crickets to them by the use of high frequency sounds, but not low frequency ones, and they use high frequency sounds similar to that of a predator such as a bat.

A. a certain group of male crickets call female crickets to them by the use of high frequency sounds, but not low frequency ones, and they use high
B. a certain group of male crickets call female crickets to them by the use of high frequency sounds, rather than using low frequency ones, and use high
C. the males of a certain group of crickets call female crickets to them using high frequency sounds, rather than low frequency ones, high
D. the males of a certain group of crickets call female crickets to them by using high frequency sounds, but not low frequency ones, they use high
E. the males of a certain group of crickets call female crickets to them using high frequency sounds, rather than low frequency ones, and using high

A. the males of most species of crickets is wrongly compared with certain groups of male crickets. males is not parallel to groups. by the use of is unnecessarily wordy. The use of but not does not clearly convey that most other male crickets use low frequency sounds. Insertion of they is not required.

B. the males of most species of crickets is wrongly compared with certain groups of male crickets. males is not parallel to groups. Violates parallelism with by the use of... instead of using.

C. Correct. Eliminates the above errors. Introduces an absolute phrase correctly to describe high frequency sounds further.

D. The use of but not does not clearly convey that most other male crickets use low frequency sounds. They use high frequency…. is a run-on sentence.

E. Using high frequency sounds…as a bat is a sentence fragment.

Answer: C
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Re: V11-15  [#permalink]

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Updated on: 01 Feb 2016, 00:03
This is a very weird question. Anyway aren't we supposed to have :
A Dartmouth-led research team has discovered that unlike the males of most species of crickets, a certain groups of male crickets call female crickets to them by the use of high frequency sounds, but not low frequency ones, and they use high frequency sounds similar to (THOSE OF predators such as) or (TO THE HIGH FREQUENCY SOUND OF) a predator such as a bat.
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Originally posted by Icecream87 on 20 Jan 2016, 08:36.
Last edited by Icecream87 on 01 Feb 2016, 00:03, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: V11-15  [#permalink]

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31 Jan 2016, 23:04
Another issue with question: In the correct answer
"... the males of a certain groups of crickets ...." how is 'a certain groups' correct?
Shouldn't it be 'males of certain groups of crickets'?
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Re: V11-15  [#permalink]

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01 Feb 2016, 00:03
82vkgmat wrote:
Another issue with question: In the correct answer
"... the males of a certain groups of crickets ...." how is 'a certain groups' correct?
Shouldn't it be 'males of certain groups of crickets'?

Exactly, I missed that one
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Re: V11-15  [#permalink]

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05 Sep 2016, 13:07
There are actually number agreement issues in every single choice. It made my head spin. I ended up guessing out of frustration and the desire to move on.

I'm starting to doubt the verbal questions in this database. In the OG and other sources I nail SC but a lot of these questions seem odd. My scores are also 42-44 in official practice tests but nothing over 40 on these CATs
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Re: V11-15  [#permalink]

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06 Sep 2016, 10:01
Tadilliner wrote:
There are actually number agreement issues in every single choice. It made my head spin. I ended up guessing out of frustration and the desire to move on.

I'm starting to doubt the verbal questions in this database. In the OG and other sources I nail SC but a lot of these questions seem odd. My scores are also 42-44 in official practice tests but nothing over 40 on these CATs

Your first point is valid - there is a number disagreement (a certain groups). We are correcting the question - thank you for pointing out.
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Re: V11-15  [#permalink]

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19 Dec 2016, 07:46
sayantanc2k : Please clarify my doubts. The last part of the sentence "high frequency sounds similar to that of a predator such as a bat" sounds very odd and confusing.
What does it modify? I think a preposition is required for it to make sense. Some conjunction to specify how the phrase is connected to the sentence. I think "as" would make sense.
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Re: V11-15  [#permalink]

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19 Dec 2016, 09:12
theincredible wrote:
sayantanc2k : Please clarify my doubts. The last part of the sentence "high frequency sounds similar to that of a predator such as a bat" sounds very odd and confusing.
What does it modify? I think a preposition is required for it to make sense. Some conjunction to specify how the phrase is connected to the sentence. I think "as" would make sense.

The last part of the sentence is an absolute phrase modifier. An absolute phrase modifier modifies (provides some more information about) the entire main clause in some way. The structure of an absolute phrase is as follows:
Noun / Noun phrase + Noun modifier

Here,
Noun phrase = high frequency sounds
Noun modifier = similar to that of a predator such as a bat

Following is another example of absolute phrase modifier (from Manhattan SC guide):
Scientists have found high levels of iridium in certain geological formations around the world, results that suggest the cataclysmic impact of a meteor millions of years ago.
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V11-15  [#permalink]

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28 Dec 2016, 13:33
sayantanc2k I dont think 'high frequency ...' is an absolute modifier. Absolute modifier modifies the entire clause. This one, however, modifies only high frequency sounds. The example which you provided is the perfect example of an absolute modifier which modifies results. The main clause in the question stem states that "male crickets call the female crickets". An absolute modifier should modify the 'how they call' part, isn't it?
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Re: V11-15  [#permalink]

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29 Dec 2016, 00:21
theincredible wrote:
sayantanc2k I dont think 'high frequency ...' is an absolute modifier. Absolute modifier modifies the entire clause. This one, however, modifies only high frequency sounds. The example which you provided is the perfect example of an absolute modifier which modifies results. The main clause in the question stem states that "male crickets call the female crickets". An absolute modifier should modify the 'how they call' part, isn't it?

A modifier cannot modify itself - the part "high frequency sounds similar to that of a predator such as a bat" cannot modify "high frequency sounds". You have erroneously considered only "similar to that of a predator such as a bat" the absolute modifier, but the complete "high frequency sounds similar to that of a predator such as a bat" is the absolute modifier.

The absolute modifier modifies the clause in some way. (what kind of sound is used to call the female crickets?)
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14 Jan 2017, 20:07
I think this is a high-quality question and the explanation isn't clear enough, please elaborate. Can you please explain how D is a sentence fragment and E is run on sentence.
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Re: V11-15  [#permalink]

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14 Jan 2017, 22:27
pratyushk1 wrote:
I think this is a high-quality question and the explanation isn't clear enough, please elaborate. Can you please explain how D is a sentence fragment and E is run on sentence.

You seem to have reversed the errors.

D is a run-on: Two clauses are joined by a comma (without a conjunction):
Clause 1: The males call
Clause 2: they use

E has a fragment at the end: The modifier "using high frequency sounds similar to that of a predator such as a bat" does not have an antecedent or a clause to refer to.
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Re: V11-15  [#permalink]

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03 May 2017, 23:29
Lets take a look at option E - Can someone please help me find the mistake in this -

A Dartmouth-led research team has discovered that unlike the males of most species of crickets, the males of a certain group of crickets call female crickets to them
- > using high frequency sound
-> , rather than low frequency ones,
- > and using high frequency sounds similar to that of a predator such as a bat.
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06 Nov 2017, 08:17
I think this is a high-quality question and the explanation isn't clear enough, please elaborate.
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Re: V11-15  [#permalink]

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13 Mar 2018, 09:34
I think option C should contain a hyphen, rather than a comma. A comma makes it too unclear

ie

the males of a certain group of crickets call female crickets to them using high frequency sounds, rather than low frequency ones - high frequency sounds similar to that of a predator such as a bat.

Also, there is a disagreement here between "sounds" (plural) and " that of a predator" (singular). More correct would be "high frequency sounds similar to those of predators such as bats"
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Re: V11-15  [#permalink]

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01 Jun 2018, 07:45
I've chosen option E because it seemed to me that there were 2 parallel modifiers describing the sounds of that particular group of crickets. I don't see any mistake on that option.

If in the correct answer the last fragment acts as a noun-to-noun modifier, as advocated, then shouldn't it be placed next to the entity that is being modified? Noun-to-noun modifiers are indeed the most flexible ones, since they can modify any entity (action, noun, clause, etc) but always in the preceding clause.

I've eliminated the correct option because it seemed to me as wrongly connected Independent Clause, as it communicates a complete idea, albeit describing the sound of the group of the crickets. If that fragment were transformed into a independent clause, it would in my opinion increase the soundness of the sentence as a whole.

Cheers!
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V11-15  [#permalink]

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04 Aug 2018, 13:48
The sentence below evaluates the SC question incorporating the "correct" answer choice.

A Dartmouth-led research team has discovered that unlike the males of most species of crickets, the males of a certain group of crickets call female crickets to them using high frequency sounds, rather than low frequency ones, high frequency sounds similar to that of a predator such as a bat.

This option utilizes word repetition that is cumbersome.

As an example:
Karen ate chocolate ice cream, rather than strawberry ice cream, chocolate ice cream from Peru.

The above sentence is still not correct. Just out of curiosity, are there native English speakers on the question development team?
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Re: V11-15  [#permalink]

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19 Aug 2018, 22:46
1
my query is that if we drop or remove the rather low frequency clause and just read the whole thing again with option C,
A Dartmouth-led research team has discovered that unlike the males of most species of crickets, the males of a certain group of crickets call female crickets to them using high frequency sounds, high frequency sounds similar to that of a predator such as a bat.

now i think again the use of high frequency sounds is redundant and either should not be used or else it should have some conjunction. thats why i chose E.
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Re: V11-15  [#permalink]

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03 Nov 2018, 09:19
In correct answer choice C, "rather than low frequency ones" sound like it is part of the idea of the sentence? If so, shouldn't a semicolon be used instead of comma after the first clause?
Re: V11-15 &nbs [#permalink] 03 Nov 2018, 09:19

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# V11-15

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