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V11-17

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V11-17  [#permalink]

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New post 15 Dec 2015, 08:59
10
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

Difficulty:

  95% (hard)

Question Stats:

22% (00:48) correct 78% (01:16) wrong based on 115 sessions

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As if this vast local power in the tendinous tail was not enough, the whole bulk of the leviathan is knit over with a warp and woof of muscular fibres and filaments, and while passing on either side of the loins and running down into the flukes, insensibly blend with them, and largely contribute to their might.

A. was not enough, the whole bulk of the leviathan is knit over with a warp and woof of muscular fibres and filaments, and while passing on either side of the loins and running
B. were not enough, the whole bulk of the leviathan is knit over with a warp and woof of muscular fibres and filaments, which passing on either side of the loins and running
C. was not enough, the whole bulk of the leviathan is knit over with a warp and woof of muscular fibres and filaments, while they pass on either side of the loins, run
D. was not enough, the whole bulk of the leviathan is knit over with a warp and woof of muscular fibres and filaments, which pass on either side of the loins and run
E. were not enough, the whole bulk of the leviathan is knit over with a warp and woof of muscular fibres and filaments, pass on either side of the loins and while running

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Re V11-17  [#permalink]

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New post 15 Dec 2015, 09:00
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Official Solution:

As if this vast local power in the tendinous tail was not enough, the whole bulk of the leviathan is knit over with a warp and woof of muscular fibres and filaments, and while passing on either side of the loins and running down into the flukes, insensibly blend with them, and largely contribute to their might.

A. was not enough, the whole bulk of the leviathan is knit over with a warp and woof of muscular fibres and filaments, and while passing on either side of the loins and running
B. were not enough, the whole bulk of the leviathan is knit over with a warp and woof of muscular fibres and filaments, which passing on either side of the loins and running
C. was not enough, the whole bulk of the leviathan is knit over with a warp and woof of muscular fibres and filaments, while they pass on either side of the loins, run
D. was not enough, the whole bulk of the leviathan is knit over with a warp and woof of muscular fibres and filaments, which pass on either side of the loins and run
E. were not enough, the whole bulk of the leviathan is knit over with a warp and woof of muscular fibres and filaments, pass on either side of the loins and while running


A. The verb was is wrong in hypothetical subjunctive. The sentence implies that the whole bulk of the leviathan, while passing on either side of the loins and running down the fluke, blends and contributes, whereas the correct meaning is that the muscular fibres and filaments do so. Grammatically, the singular subject the whole bulk of the leviathan does not agree with the verbs blend and contribute.

B.Correct. The verb were is correctly used in hypothetical subjunctive. The meaning is correctly conveyed by introducing a subordinate clause with which, referring to the muscular fibres and filaments. The muscular fibres and filaments, passing on either side the loins and running down into the flukes, insensibly blend with them, and largely contribute to their might.

C. The verb was is wrong in hypothetical subjunctive. The pronoun they is ambiguous, having 2 different antecedents.

D. The verb was is wrong in hypothetical subjunctive. Moreover while using 4 verbs, pass, run, blend and contribute, in parallel, the first two verbs are incorrectly separated by and.

E. The sentence implies that the whole bulk of the leviathan passes on either side of the loins and while running down the flukes, blend and contribute. However the correct meaning is that the muscular fibres and filaments do so. Gramatically, the singular subject the whole bulk of the leviathan does not agree with the verbs blend and contribute.


Answer: B
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Re: V11-17  [#permalink]

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New post 15 Feb 2016, 06:38
the whole bulk of the leviathan is knit over with a warp and woof of muscular fibres and filaments, which passing on either side of the loins and running

Simple example:
the bat and ball,which...
Here "which" refers only the ball?

Is this a rule?
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Re: V11-17  [#permalink]

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New post 09 Apr 2016, 12:01
For the answer B, "which" lacks a verb -- Passing and running are not verbs on their own. They require a helping verb. Pl. clarify.
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Re: V11-17  [#permalink]

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New post 10 May 2016, 20:41
how can you tell that it is hypothetical subjunctive? (A, D)
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Re: V11-17  [#permalink]

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New post 12 May 2016, 05:56
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dina98 wrote:
how can you tell that it is hypothetical subjunctive? (A, D)

The use of "As if" indicates the hypothetical situation.
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Re: V11-17  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 12 May 2016, 06:13
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arunbalup wrote:
For the answer B, "which" lacks a verb -- Passing and running are not verbs on their own. They require a helping verb. Pl. clarify.

For your question, "which" is the subject and "blend and contribute" (in non underlined part) is the verb. In between phrases are modifiers.

Originally posted by MbaRacer on 12 May 2016, 06:00.
Last edited by MbaRacer on 12 May 2016, 06:13, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: V11-17  [#permalink]

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New post 12 May 2016, 06:08
I reckon that "which" refers to woof and not "muscular fibres and filaments". Because the phrase "muscular fibres and filaments" cannot be placed anywhere in the sentence, it is placed close to the what is modifies/describes. "Woof" is singular, while verbs need a plural subject. So this is not that good SC question.
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New post 13 May 2016, 14:43
avdgmat4777 wrote:
I reckon that "which" refers to woof and not "muscular fibres and filaments". Because the phrase "muscular fibres and filaments" cannot be placed anywhere in the sentence, it is placed close to the what is modifies/describes. "Woof" is singular, while verbs need a plural subject. So this is not that good SC question.



Thank you for answering the previous two queries correctly.

As for your own query......yes, "which" could as well have referred to "woof". Yet in option B, it refers to "muscular fibres and filaments", the noun touching the modifier, and hence the use of plural verbs is alright.
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Re: V11-17  [#permalink]

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New post 03 Mar 2017, 18:13
Can you explain the pronouns referring to which noun? insensibly blend with them, and largely contribute to their might.
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New post 04 Mar 2017, 04:30
Shiridip wrote:
Can you explain the pronouns referring to which noun? insensibly blend with them, and largely contribute to their might.


"Loins" and "Flukes".
The whole bulk of the leviathan insensibly blend with them (loins and flukes), and largely contribute to their (loins' and flukes') might.
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Re: V11-17  [#permalink]

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New post 17 May 2017, 10:20
souvik101990 wrote:
Official Solution:

As if this vast local power in the tendinous tail was not enough, the whole bulk of the leviathan is knit over with a warp and woof of muscular fibres and filaments, and while passing on either side of the loins and running down into the flukes, insensibly blend with them, and largely contribute to their might.

A. was not enough, the whole bulk of the leviathan is knit over with a warp and woof of muscular fibres and filaments, and while passing on either side of the loins and running
B. were not enough, the whole bulk of the leviathan is knit over with a warp and woof of muscular fibres and filaments, which passing on either side of the loins and running
C. was not enough, the whole bulk of the leviathan is knit over with a warp and woof of muscular fibres and filaments, while they pass on either side of the loins, run
D. was not enough, the whole bulk of the leviathan is knit over with a warp and woof of muscular fibres and filaments, which pass on either side of the loins and run
E. were not enough, the whole bulk of the leviathan is knit over with a warp and woof of muscular fibres and filaments, pass on either side of the loins and while running


A. The verb was is wrong in hypothetical subjunctive. The sentence implies that the whole bulk of the leviathan, while passing on either side of the loins and running down the fluke, blends and contributes, whereas the correct meaning is that the muscular fibres and filaments do so. Grammatically, the singular subject the whole bulk of the leviathan does not agree with the verbs blend and contribute.

B.Correct. The verb were is correctly used in hypothetical subjunctive. The meaning is correctly conveyed by introducing a subordinate clause with which, referring to the muscular fibres and filaments. The muscular fibres and filaments, passing on either side the loins and running down into the flukes, insensibly blend with them, and largely contribute to their might.

C. The verb was is wrong in hypothetical subjunctive. The pronoun they is ambiguous, having 2 different antecedents.

D. The verb was is wrong in hypothetical subjunctive. Moreover while using 4 verbs, pass, run, blend and contribute, in parallel, the first two verbs are incorrectly separated by and.

E. The sentence implies that the whole bulk of the leviathan passes on either side of the loins and while running down the flukes, blend and contribute. However the correct meaning is that the muscular fibres and filaments do so. Gramatically, the singular subject the whole bulk of the leviathan does not agree with the verbs blend and contribute.


Answer: B


How can the OA be B? The comma after and is not justified because the list consists of only two items 'blend' and 'contribute'. On GMAT, presence of ", and" means either there are 2 independent clauses or 3 or more items in a list.
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Re: V11-17  [#permalink]

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New post 18 Jul 2017, 12:39
I think this is a poor-quality question and I agree with explanation. If OE is correct, then the Comma before "insensibly blend" is wrong.
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Re: V11-17   [#permalink] 18 Jul 2017, 12:39
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