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# V21-15

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Manager
Joined: 19 May 2015
Posts: 128

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16 Feb 2018, 13:24
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Difficulty:

55% (hard)

Question Stats:

29% (00:43) correct 71% (01:05) wrong based on 24 sessions

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A proposed law would require citizens to bring photo ID to polling places when they vote to curb potential fraud.

A. A proposed law would require citizens to bring photo ID to polling places when they vote to curb potential fraud.
B. To curb potential fraud, a proposed law would require citizens to bring photo ID to polling places when they vote.
C. A proposed law will require citizens to curb potential fraud by bringing photo ID to polling places when they vote.
D. A proposed law will curb potential fraud by requiring citizens to vote at polling places with photo ID.
E. To curb potential fraud, a proposed law requires citizens to bring photo ID to polling places when they vote.
Manager
Joined: 19 May 2015
Posts: 128

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16 Feb 2018, 13:25
Official Solution:

A proposed law would require citizens to bring photo ID to polling places when they vote to curb potential fraud.

A. A proposed law would require citizens to bring photo ID to polling places when they vote to curb potential fraud.
B. To curb potential fraud, a proposed law would require citizens to bring photo ID to polling places when they vote.
C. A proposed law will require citizens to curb potential fraud by bringing photo ID to polling places when they vote.
D. A proposed law will curb potential fraud by requiring citizens to vote at polling places with photo ID.
E. To curb potential fraud, a proposed law requires citizens to bring photo ID to polling places when they vote.

This question is pretty much 100% about meaning. Some really nice explanations are already below, so I'll try to keep these short.

(A) A proposed law would require citizens to bring photo ID to polling places when they vote to curb potential fraud

I think we would all love to vote to curb potential fraud, but that's clearly not the intended meaning of the sentence. (A) is gone

(B) To curb potential fraud, a proposed law would require citizens to bring photo ID to polling places when they vote

This looks good. In order to curb potential fraud, a proposed law would make people bring ID when the vote. And the verb "would" makes sense, too: the proposed law isn't in effect yet, so the conditional is correct. Keep (B)

(C) A proposed law will require citizens to curb potential fraud by bringing photo ID to polling places when they vote

There are a few issues here. "Will require" is a little bit too certain, since the law has only been proposed; "would" is better. It's a little bit of a stretch to say that citizens "curb potential fraud by bringing photo ID to polling places," but that's not necessarily wrong -- it just makes more sense to say that the law curbs fraud by requiring ID, as in answer choice (B). And "they" is a little bit further from "citizens" than we'd ideally like.

There's no single factor that makes (C) DEFINITELY wrong, but there's enough goofiness here to make it an inferior choice to (B)

(D) A proposed law will curb potential fraud by requiring citizens to vote at polling places with photo ID

The phrase "polling places with photo ID" makes it sound like the polling places themselves have photo ID, and that doesn't make much sense. "Will" is also not ideal here. (D) is out

(E) To curb potential fraud, a proposed law requires citizens to bring photo ID to polling places when they vote

"Requires" is the wrong verb tense here, since the law hasn't taken effect yet. "They" is also arguably a little bit ambiguous. And sure, pronoun ambiguity isn't an absolute rule (as discussed in this YouTube video), but (B) is clearly better than (E)

Intern
Joined: 13 May 2018
Posts: 2

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22 Aug 2018, 11:11
I guess "E" is correct. Although the law was not implemented, its already proposed. So the law requires the people to bring Voter ID. Law is certain to implement new rule. please correct me if I'm wrong.
Intern
Joined: 05 Apr 2017
Posts: 14
GMAT 1: 730 Q49 V40
GMAT 2: 740 Q49 V41

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22 Jan 2019, 01:45
jeffn wrote:
A proposed law would require citizens to bring photo ID to polling places when they vote to curb potential fraud.

A. A proposed law would require citizens to bring photo ID to polling places when they vote to curb potential fraud.
B. To curb potential fraud, a proposed law would require citizens to bring photo ID to polling places when they vote.
C. A proposed law will require citizens to curb potential fraud by bringing photo ID to polling places when they vote.
D. A proposed law will curb potential fraud by requiring citizens to vote at polling places with photo ID.
E. To curb potential fraud, a proposed law requires citizens to bring photo ID to polling places when they vote.

I think E is correct as well. Even though the law has not been passed, we can say that the proposed requires that citizens bring their photo id.
Intern
Joined: 23 Nov 2018
Posts: 5

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03 Mar 2019, 17:56
This is my take on why e) is incorrect, original sentence ("a proposed law would ...") means a proposed law can require citizens to bring photo ID, law may be get proposed yet, whereas e) states the proposed law is requiring citizens to bring photo ID
Intern
Joined: 11 May 2018
Posts: 2

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19 Mar 2019, 12:23
I think this is a poor-quality question. First, "they" is in option B and E, placed exactly in the same position. How is it ambiguous in E and not in B?(i.e per your explanation of the reason E is wrong). Also, my understanding of "would" is that it is a conditional that is used in a hypothetical situation, that is, when there is no certainty. A proposed law alreaday has this requirement, there is no uncertainty here. Why then is "would" correct in this instance, instead of the simple present "requires"?
Re V21-15   [#permalink] 19 Mar 2019, 12:23
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# V21-15

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