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Re: We have a moral obligation not to destroy books, even if they belong [#permalink]
We have a moral obligation not to destroy books, even if they belong to us. The reason is quite simple: If preserved, books will almost certainly contribute to the intellectual and emotional enrichment of future generations.

Which one of the following most accurately expresses the principle underlying the argument?


(A) It is morally incumbent upon us to devote effort to performing actions that have at least some chance of improving other people’s lives.
--> Correct. other people = future generations.

(B) We are morally obligated to preserve anything that past generations had preserved for our intellectual and emotional enrichment.
--> no mention of a future generation

(C) The moral commitments we have to future generations supersede the moral commitments we have to the present generation.
sacrifice of the current generation over a future generation is not mentioned.

(D) We are morally obligated not to destroy anything that will most likely enrich, either intellectually or emotionally, our posterity.
--> this is said in the statement and is not an underlined principle.

(E) Being morally obligated not to destroy something requires that we be reasonably assured that that thing will lead to the betterment of someone we know.
--> out of scope
_________________________________________________________

The answer is A.
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Re: We have a moral obligation not to destroy books, even if they belong [#permalink]
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We have a moral obligation not to destroy books, even if they belong to us. The reason is quite simple: If preserved, books will almost certainly contribute to the intellectual and emotional enrichment of future generations.

Meaning understood -
Moral Obligation to not destroy books -> even if a personal property.
Reason to not destroy -> Will Preserve those books -> that, in turn, will enrich intellectually and emotionally the future generations.


Which one of the following most accurately expresses the principle underlying the argument?

Underlying principle could be - Moral obligation to preserve things that will enrich intellectually and emotionally the future generations.

(A) It is morally incumbent upon us to devote effort to performing actions that have at least some chance of improving other people’s lives.

Other people ???. No only future generations. Prompt does not mention anything about present generations, which is included as part of other people.

(B) We are morally obligated to preserve anything that past generations had preserved for our intellectual and emotional enrichment.

Nothing related to past generations here. This sentence we can infer in someways, with assumptions, but it is definetely not the underlying principle

(C) The moral commitments we have to future generations supersede the moral commitments we have to the present generation.

Again, nothing for the present generations. So incorrect

(D) We are morally obligated not to destroy anything that will most likely enrich, either intellectually or emotionally, our posterity.

Oh yes, finally an answer that matches our initially deduced underlying principle. Correct, IMO

(E) Being morally obligated not to destroy something requires that we be reasonably assured that that thing will lead to the betterment of someone we know.

Reasonably assured ??? Prompt already mentions 'books will almost certainly contribute', then why say reasonably assured. This seems to be a restricted sentence. We need something of a broader scope. I think D fits in perfectly
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Re: We have a moral obligation not to destroy books, even if they belong [#permalink]
We have a moral obligation not to destroy books, even if they belong to us. The reason is quite simple: If preserved, books will almost certainly contribute to the intellectual and emotional enrichment of future generations.

Stimulus: we have a moral obligation not to destroy books because if books are preserved it will almost definitely contribute to the intellectual and emotional enrichment of future generation.


IMO D

Which one of the following most accurately expresses the principle underlying the argument?


(A) It is morally incumbent upon us to devote effort to performing actions that have at least some chance of improving other people’s lives.

(B) We are morally obligated to preserve anything that past generations had preserved for our intellectual and emotional enrichment.

(C) The moral commitments we have to future generations supersede the moral commitments we have to the present generation.

(D) We are morally obligated not to destroy anything that will most likely enrich, either intellectually or emotionally, our posterity.

(E) Being morally obligated not to destroy something requires that we be reasonably assured that that thing will lead to the betterment of someone we know.
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Re: We have a moral obligation not to destroy books, even if they belong [#permalink]
OA mentions our prosperity whereas question stem clearly says preserving books will certainly improve prosperity for future generation.
I think passage means that we can destroy something if we are certain it'll not contribute to future generations, regardless of whether it is prosperous for us.
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Re: We have a moral obligation not to destroy books, even if they belong [#permalink]
ArunSharma12 wrote:
OA mentions our prosperity whereas question stem clearly says preserving books will certainly improve prosperity for future generation.
I think passage means that we can destroy something if we are certain it'll not contribute to future generations, regardless of whether it is prosperous for us.


I think you got confused between prosperity and posterity :)

Happened to me as well when I was quickly reading through the options. Apparently it is a phenomenon experienced by everyone once in a while.

A debrief on it as well, if interested. :D

Hope I helped.
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Re: We have a moral obligation not to destroy books, even if they belong [#permalink]
adstudy wrote:

I think you got confused between prosperity and posterity :)

Happened to me as well when I was quickly reading through the options. Apparently it is a phenomenon experienced by everyone once in a while.

A debrief on it as well, if interested. :D

Hope I helped.


Yeah, it explains a lot and certainly the clarifies the mentioned OA to me :D thanks!
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Re: We have a moral obligation not to destroy books, even if they belong [#permalink]
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Re: We have a moral obligation not to destroy books, even if they belong [#permalink]
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