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#### Not interested in getting valuable practice questions and articles delivered to your email? No problem, unsubscribe here. ### Request Expert Reply # What is the remainder when n2 + 7 is divided by 8, where n is an odd p

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e-GMAT Representative V
Joined: 04 Jan 2015
Posts: 3019
What is the remainder when n2 + 7 is divided by 8, where n is an odd p  [#permalink]

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Difficulty:   5% (low)

Question Stats: 91% (00:58) correct 9% (01:06) wrong based on 175 sessions

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What is the remainder when $$n^2 + 7$$ is divided by 8, where n is an odd prime number?

A. 0
B. 2
C. 3
D. 4
E. 6

To read all our articles:Must read articles to reach Q51

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Joined: 07 Dec 2014
Posts: 1229
Re: What is the remainder when n2 + 7 is divided by 8, where n is an odd p  [#permalink]

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EgmatQuantExpert wrote:
What is the remainder when $$n^2 + 7$$ is divided by 8, where n is an odd prime number?

A. 0
B. 2
C. 3
D. 4
E. 6

let n=3
3^2+7=16
16/8 gives 0 remainder
A
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Location: India
Concentration: Sustainability, Marketing
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Re: What is the remainder when n2 + 7 is divided by 8, where n is an odd p  [#permalink]

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upon checking relation for n^2+7 ; at n= 1,3,5,7,11.. we can say that the remainder would always be 0

IMO A ..

EgmatQuantExpert wrote:
What is the remainder when $$n^2 + 7$$ is divided by 8, where n is an odd prime number?

A. 0
B. 2
C. 3
D. 4
E. 6

To read all our articles:Must read articles to reach Q51

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e-GMAT Representative V
Joined: 04 Jan 2015
Posts: 3019
Re: What is the remainder when n2 + 7 is divided by 8, where n is an odd p  [#permalink]

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1

Solution

Given:
We are given that
• “n” is an odd prime number

To find:
We need to find,
• The remainder when $$n^2 + 7$$ is divided by 8

Approach and Working:
• If we observe, all the positive integers can be written in the form 4k or + 4k + 1 or 4k + 2 or 4k + 3, where k is a non-negative integer.
o Out of these, 4k and 4k + 2 cannot be prime numbers, since they are divisible by 2, for any value of k.

• Thus, all odd prime numbers must be of the form 4k + 1 or 4k + 3

So, $$n^2$$ will be $$(4k + 1)^2$$ or $$(4k + 3)^2$$
• And, $$n^2 + 7$$ = $$(16k^2 + 8k + 8)$$ or $$(16k^2 + 24k + 16)$$ = $$8(2k^2 + k + 1)$$ or $$8(2k^2 + 3k + 2)$$
• Thus, both these expressions are divisible by 8, for any value of k

Therefore, the remainder is 0

Hence the correct answer is Option A.

Answer: A

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Senior Manager  P
Joined: 15 Feb 2018
Posts: 298
What is the remainder when n2 + 7 is divided by 8, where n is an odd p  [#permalink]

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The question is simple with substitution. The solution above seems to choose 4 arbitrarily.
Why not all positive integers can be expressed 2k, 2k+1 resulting in 4(k^2+k+2)?
Intern  B
Joined: 17 Aug 2018
Posts: 15
Re: What is the remainder when n2 + 7 is divided by 8, where n is an odd p  [#permalink]

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philipssonicare wrote:
The question is simple with substitution. The solution above seems to choose 4 arbitrarily.
Why not all positive integers can be expressed 2k, 2k+1 resulting in 4(k^2+k+2)?

I concur.. Infact when we take 4k+1 we miss out on 3 which is a possible scenario which is not the case while taking 2k+1..
Intern  B
Joined: 17 Aug 2018
Posts: 15
Re: What is the remainder when n2 + 7 is divided by 8, where n is an odd p  [#permalink]

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EgmatQuantExpert wrote:

Solution

Given:
We are given that
• “n” is an odd prime number

To find:
We need to find,
• The remainder when $$n^2 + 7$$ is divided by 8

Approach and Working:
• If we observe, all the positive integers can be written in the form 4k or + 4k + 1 or 4k + 2 or 4k + 3, where k is a non-negative integer.
o Out of these, 4k and 4k + 2 cannot be prime numbers, since they are divisible by 2, for any value of k.

• Thus, all odd prime numbers must be of the form 4k + 1 or 4k + 3

So, $$n^2$$ will be $$(4k + 1)^2$$ or $$(4k + 3)^2$$
• And, $$n^2 + 7$$ = $$(16k^2 + 8k + 8)$$ or $$(16k^2 + 24k + 16)$$ = $$8(2k^2 + k + 1)$$ or $$8(2k^2 + 3k + 2)$$
• Thus, both these expressions are divisible by 8, for any value of k

Therefore, the remainder is 0

Hence the correct answer is Option A.

Answer: A

When we take 4k+1 aren't we missing out on 3 which is a possible scenario??
e-GMAT Representative V
Joined: 04 Jan 2015
Posts: 3019
What is the remainder when n2 + 7 is divided by 8, where n is an odd p  [#permalink]

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Quote:
The question is simple with substitution. The solution above seems to choose 4 arbitrarily.
Why not all positive integers can be expressed 2k, 2k+1 resulting in 4(k^2+k+2)?

We are free to take 2k and 2k + 1 form also. As you mentioned, $$(2k + 1)^2 + 7$$ will be equal to $$4k^2 + 4k + 8 = 4(k^2 + k) + 8$$
Now, for any value of k, $$k^2 + k$$ will be either 0 or an even number, hence $$4(k^2 + k)$$ will be always divisible by 8.

Quote:

• Thus, all odd prime numbers must be of the form 4k + 1 or 4k + 3

So, $$n^2$$ will be $$(4k + 1)^2$$ or $$(4k + 3)^2$$
• And, $$n^2 + 7$$ = $$(16k^2 + 8k + 8)$$ or $$(16k^2 + 24k + 16)$$ = $$8(2k^2 + k + 1)$$ or $$8(2k^2 + 3k + 2)$$
• Thus, both these expressions are divisible by 8, for any value of k

Therefore, the remainder is 0

Quote:
When we take 4k+1 aren't we missing out on 3 which is a possible scenario??

If you look at the solution carefully, you will be able to see that we've considered both cases here: the possibility of 4k + 1 as well as the possibility of 4k + 3. The possible scenario of 3 is covered in the case of 4k + 3.

Hope this helps. _________________
Manager  B
Joined: 18 Jan 2018
Posts: 50
Re: What is the remainder when n2 + 7 is divided by 8, where n is an odd p  [#permalink]

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n is not equal to 2 because n is an odd prime number, n^2 +7 always gives an even number.

Now using n=3,5,7... always results (n^2 +7) = multiples of 8. Hence the remainder of (n^2 +7)/8 is always 0. Re: What is the remainder when n2 + 7 is divided by 8, where n is an odd p   [#permalink] 07 Mar 2019, 11:18
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