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when t^4 is divided by 10, the remainder is r

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when t^4 is divided by 10, the remainder is r  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 09 Nov 2017, 15:32
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Question Stats:

59% (02:03) correct 41% (02:11) wrong based on 96 sessions

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when t^4 is divided by 10, the remainder is r. If t can be any positive integer that is not a multiple of 10, then there are how many different possible values for r?

(A) Three
(B) Four
(C) Six
(D) Nine
(E) Ten

Originally posted by Fedemaravilla on 09 Nov 2017, 09:22.
Last edited by Fedemaravilla on 09 Nov 2017, 15:32, edited 2 times in total.
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Re: when t^4 is divided by 10, the remainder is r  [#permalink]

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New post 09 Nov 2017, 09:43
Remainder will depend on the number at ones place if divided by 10.Since x^4 where x can be 2, 3 ,4 ,5 ,6 ,7,8,9 will decide the ones place.Only possible numbers 6,1,5 are remainders

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Re: when t^4 is divided by 10, the remainder is r  [#permalink]

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New post 09 Nov 2017, 09:55
I am not sure about OA, cause I don't have it, it's an exercise from a GMAT course I took, maybe there should be an expert explanation
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Re: when t^4 is divided by 10, the remainder is r  [#permalink]

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New post 09 Nov 2017, 10:44
Fedemaravilla wrote:
I am not sure about OA, cause I don't have it, it's an exercise from a GMAT course I took, maybe there should be an expert explanation


Hi Fedemaravilla

IMO the answer should be \(3\)

Given \(t^4=10q+r\), where \(q\) is the quotient when \(t^4\) is divided by \(10\)

so this implies that \(r\) will be the units digit of \(t^4\).

Now any positive number raised to the power \(4\) can have only four possible unit's digit - 0, 1, 5 & 6. but it is given that \(t^4\) is not a multiple of \(10\), hence will not have \(0\) as its unit's digit

Hence \(r\) can take \(3\) values

Option A

Hi Bunuel - can you confirm the answer and provide more clarity?
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Re: when t^4 is divided by 10, the remainder is r  [#permalink]

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New post 09 Nov 2017, 12:57
1
Fedemaravilla wrote:
when t^4 is divided by 10, the remainder is r. If t can be any positive integer that is not a multiple of 10, then there are how many different possible values for r?

(A) Three
(B) Four
(C) Six
(D) Nine
(E) Ten

If a number is divided by 10, the remainder is the last digit of the number.

We need the last digits of 1 through 9 to the 4th power. The number can't be a multiple of 10, and two+ digit numbers end in 1 through 9.

I have not memorized the last digit of all single integers' powers of 4.

So I listed them quickly, using cyclicity if needed. Well under a minute for the problem

\(1^4 = 1\): Remainder 1
\(2^4 = 16\): Remainder 6
\(3^4 = 81\): Remainder 1
---------------------------------
\(4^4\) - Cyclicity of 4:
\(4^1 = 4\)
\(4^2 = 16\)
\(4^3 =\) __\(4\)
\(4^4 =\) __\(6\): Remainder 6
-----------------------------------
\(5^4 =\) __\(5\): Remainder 5
\(6^4 =\) __\(6\): Remainder 6
-----------------------------------
\(7^4\) - Cyclicity of 7:
\(7^1=7\)
\(7^2 =\) __\(9\)
\(7^3\) =__\(3\)
\(7^4 =\) __\(1\): Remainder 1
------------------------------------
\(8^4\) - Cyclicity of 8:
\(8^1 = 8\)
\(8^2 =\)__\(4\)
\(8^3 =\) __\(2\)
\(8^4 =\) __\(6\): Remainder 6
-------------------------------------
\(9^4\) - Cyclicity of 9:
\(9^1 = 9\)
\(9^2\) = __\(1\)
\(9^3\)=__\(9\)
\(9^4\)=__\(1\): Remainder 1

There are three remainders when a number to the fourth power is divided by 10: 1, 5, and 6.

Answer A
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Re: when t^4 is divided by 10, the remainder is r &nbs [#permalink] 09 Nov 2017, 12:57
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when t^4 is divided by 10, the remainder is r

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