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When the state of Tennessee passed a law prohibiting the teaching of t

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When the state of Tennessee passed a law prohibiting the teaching of t [#permalink]

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Source /www.petersons.com/

When the state of Tennessee passed a law prohibiting the teaching of the theory of evolution in its public schools, leaders of the American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU) persuaded John T. Scopes, a teacher in Dayton, Tennessee, to teach evolution in his classroom in order to test the law in court. However, because Scopes did not break the law on his own initiative, he should never have been brought to trial.

Which of the following is an assumption underlying the conclusion of the passage above?


A Those who commit crimes at the suggestion of others should not be held responsible for their actions.
B Both Scopes and the ACLU leaders should have been tried for breaking the law.
C The ACLU leaders, rather than Scopes, should have been brought to trial.
D Groups like the ACLU should not encourage criminal activities as a means of testing laws.
E Tennessee did not have the right to make the teaching of evolution a crime.
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Re: When the state of Tennessee passed a law prohibiting the teaching of t [#permalink]

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New post 14 Jan 2017, 21:54
Hello,
interesting question. I am not sure why A is correct?

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Re: When the state of Tennessee passed a law prohibiting the teaching of t [#permalink]

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New post 16 Jan 2017, 06:24
Amit0123 wrote:
Hello,
interesting question. I am not sure why A is correct?


Premise: Scopes did not break the law on his own initiative.
Conclusion: He should not be brought to trial.

There are two simultaneous assumptions in the above argument:
assumption 1: Those who commit crimes at the suggestion of others should not be held responsible for their actions.
AND
assumption 2: Only those who are held responsible for their actions should be brought to trial.

Option A states the first of these two simultaneous assumptions.

Note that that there are 3 components in the argument:
1. acting at others suggestion
2. not held responsible for the action
3. not brought to trial

The original passage links 1 and 3. Option A links 1 and 2 - there is another assumption that links 2 and 3 (which is not given in the passage or the option A).

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Re: When the state of Tennessee passed a law prohibiting the teaching of t [#permalink]

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New post 16 Jul 2017, 10:35
I picked A but C was a strong contender as well. Can someone please explain why C must be eliminated? TIA!

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When the state of Tennessee passed a law prohibiting the teaching of t [#permalink]

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New post 16 Jul 2017, 10:47
Blackbox wrote:
I picked A but C was a strong contender as well. Can someone please explain why C must be eliminated? TIA!


Its reason is that nothing about C is narrated in the paragraph
So you can not assume anything by yourself while options A is directly
related to the passage and could a possible assumption
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Re: When the state of Tennessee passed a law prohibiting the teaching of t [#permalink]

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New post 16 Jul 2017, 11:37
SajjadAhmad wrote:
Blackbox wrote:
I picked A but C was a strong contender as well. Can someone please explain why C must be eliminated? TIA!


Its reason is that nothing about C is narrated in the paragraph
So you can not assume anything by yourself while options A is directly
related to the passage and could a possible assumption



But isn't that what an assumption is? A new information that is not mentioned/narrated in the argument but still relevant to the conclusion?

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Re: When the state of Tennessee passed a law prohibiting the teaching of t [#permalink]

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New post 17 Jul 2017, 12:19
Blackbox wrote:
SajjadAhmad wrote:
Blackbox wrote:
I picked A but C was a strong contender as well. Can someone please explain why C must be eliminated? TIA!


Its reason is that nothing about C is narrated in the paragraph
So you can not assume anything by yourself while options A is directly
related to the passage and could a possible assumption



But isn't that what an assumption is? A new information that is not mentioned/narrated in the argument but still relevant to the conclusion?


Yes ! you are right assumption is something which is newly introduced
and all five options are assumption but right is one which is related to the passage


SajjadAhmad wrote:
Source /www.petersons.com/

When the state of Tennessee passed a law prohibiting the teaching of the theory of evolution in its public schools, leaders of the American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU) persuaded John T. Scopes, a teacher in Dayton, Tennessee, to teach evolution in his classroom in order to test the law in court. However, because Scopes did not break the law on his own initiative, he should never have been brought to trial.

Which of the following is an assumption underlying the conclusion of the passage above?


A Those who commit crimes at the suggestion of others should not be held responsible for their actions.
B Both Scopes and the ACLU leaders should have been tried for breaking the law.
C The ACLU leaders, rather than Scopes, should have been brought to trial.
D Groups like the ACLU should not encourage criminal activities as a means of testing laws.
E Tennessee did not have the right to make the teaching of evolution a crime.

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Re: When the state of Tennessee passed a law prohibiting the teaching of t [#permalink]

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New post 07 Oct 2017, 06:20
I was going to pick C too, but then I reasoned. Thin line of difference between A and C:
- A states the assumption by answering why Scopes shouldn't have been brought to court - because he committed a crime at the suggestion of others.

- C says who should have been brought to court instead, but that does not concern us. If C is true, by that logic B could be true too. We don't have enough facts to support who should have been brought to court, we are only concerned with who shouldn't have, hence A and not C.

hope that helps!
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Re: When the state of Tennessee passed a law prohibiting the teaching of t [#permalink]

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New post 22 Nov 2017, 02:15
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I chose A.
Even though we can assume that "the ACLU leaders, rather than Scopes, should have been brought to trial", this assumption is not as strong as "those who commit crimes at the suggestion of others should not be held responsible for their actions" to give a reason that Scope should never have been brought to trial. Moreover, information in option A has more reasonable assumption than information in option C.

I hope that would be helpful.

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Re: When the state of Tennessee passed a law prohibiting the teaching of t   [#permalink] 22 Nov 2017, 02:15
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