While Governor Verdant has been in office, the state s : GMAT Critical Reasoning (CR)
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While Governor Verdant has been in office, the state s

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27 Mar 2009, 03:04
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While Governor Verdant has been in office, the state’s budget has increased by an average of 6 percent each year. While the previous governor was in office, the state’s budget increased by an average of 11.5 percent each year. Obviously, the austere budgets during Governor Verdant’s term have caused the slowdown in the growth in state spending.

Which of the following, if true, would most seriously weaken the conclusion drawn above?

(A) The rate of inflation in the state averaged 10 percent each year during the previous governor’s term in office and 3 percent each year during Verdant’s term.
(B) Both federal and state income tax rates have been lowered considerably during Verdant’s term in office.
(C) In each year of Verdant’s term in office, the state’s budget has shown some increase in spending over the previous year.
(D) During Verdant’s term in office, the state has either discontinued or begun to charge private citizens for numerous services that the state offered free to citizens during the previous governor’s term.
(E) During the previous governor’s term in office, the state introduced several so-called “austerity” budgets intended to reduce the growth in state spending.
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

Last edited by JarvisR on 26 Jun 2015, 23:39, edited 1 time in total.
OA updated
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27 Mar 2009, 03:30
is it E?
you have to show
something else and not the the austere budgets during Governor Verdant’s term have caused the slowdown in the growth in state spending.
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Re: While Governor Verdant has been in office, the state s [#permalink]

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27 Mar 2009, 04:54
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I would go with A.

Conclusion: Budget caused slowdown
Premise: budget was low when Governor Verdant was in office.

A The rate of inflation in the state averaged 10 percent each year during the previous governor’s term in office and 3 percent each year during Verdant’s term.
- inflation was low therefore budget was low. Therefore low budget is not the real cause of slowdown rather inflation might the cause.
(E) During the previous governor’s term in office, the state introduced several so-called “austerity” budgets intended to reduce the growth in state spending
- But it is not clear what happened under the reign of Governor Verdant
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27 Mar 2009, 04:57
It should be B, question is to weaken argument and so another cause which results of slowdown in state spending.

Can you confirm?
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27 Mar 2009, 08:06
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ritula wrote:
While Governor Verdant has been in office, the state’s budget has increased by an average of 6 percent each year. While the previous governor was in office, the state’s budget increased by an average of 11.5 percent each year. Obviously, the austere budgets during Governor Verdant’s term have caused the slowdown in the growth in state spending.

Which of the following, if true, would most seriously weaken the conclusion drawn above?

(A) The rate of inflation in the state averaged 10 percent each year during the previous governor’s term in office and 3 percent each year during Verdant’s term.
(B) Both federal and state income tax rates have been lowered considerably during Verdant’s term in office.
(C) In each year of Verdant’s term in office, the state’s budget has shown some increase in spending over the previous year.
(D) During Verdant’s term in office, the state has either discontinued or begun to charge private citizens for numerous services that the state offered free to citizens during the previous governor’s term.
(E) During the previous governor’s term in office, the state introduced several so-called “austerity” budgets intended to reduce the growth in state spending.

This doesn't strike me as a particularly realistic GMAT question, because it requires you to make assumptions about what an 'austere budget' might be. Still, C is consistent with the passage, so it's not right. B and D both support the conclusion - they are examples of 'austere' budget measures that may have led to a decline in state spending. E also supports the conclusion - if the previous governor introduced austerity budgets and still saw an 11% increase in spending, how austere must Verdant's budgets have been to bring that down to 6%?

A should be the right answer here - the previous governor's spending barely kept pace with inflation, while Verdant increased spending at twice the rate of inflation. In real dollar terms, then, Verdant was increasing spending faster than the previous governor. The conclusion is unwarranted; state spending hasn't really slowed down at all.
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28 Mar 2009, 01:36
yes OA is A.
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28 Mar 2009, 01:46
C is according to the passage.
B and D are in line with the budget.
It was between A and E.

A seems the more convincing answer.
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27 Oct 2009, 23:22
IanStewart wrote:
ritula wrote:
While Governor Verdant has been in office, the state’s budget has increased by an average of 6 percent each year. While the previous governor was in office, the state’s budget increased by an average of 11.5 percent each year. Obviously, the austere budgets during Governor Verdant’s term have caused the slowdown in the growth in state spending.

Which of the following, if true, would most seriously weaken the conclusion drawn above?

(A) The rate of inflation in the state averaged 10 percent each year during the previous governor’s term in office and 3 percent each year during Verdant’s term.
(B) Both federal and state income tax rates have been lowered considerably during Verdant’s term in office.
(C) In each year of Verdant’s term in office, the state’s budget has shown some increase in spending over the previous year.
(D) During Verdant’s term in office, the state has either discontinued or begun to charge private citizens for numerous services that the state offered free to citizens during the previous governor’s term.
(E) During the previous governor’s term in office, the state introduced several so-called “austerity” budgets intended to reduce the growth in state spending.

This doesn't strike me as a particularly realistic GMAT question, because it requires you to make assumptions about what an 'austere budget' might be. Still, C is consistent with the passage, so it's not right. B and D both support the conclusion - they are examples of 'austere' budget measures that may have led to a decline in state spending. E also supports the conclusion - if the previous governor introduced austerity budgets and still saw an 11% increase in spending, how austere must Verdant's budgets have been to bring that down to 6%?

A should be the right answer here - the previous governor's spending barely kept pace with inflation, while Verdant increased spending at twice the rate of inflation. In real dollar terms, then, Verdant was increasing spending faster than the previous governor. The conclusion is unwarranted; state spending hasn't really slowed down at all.

Nice explanation. It clears out all of my queries
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28 Oct 2009, 05:59
A clearly shows inflation caused higher budget rather than higher budget caused slowdown in spending.
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13 Nov 2009, 17:23
Choice A. The passage fails to take into account the influence inflation had on the previous governor's spending figures.
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21 Sep 2016, 07:11
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Re: While Governor Verdant has been in office, the state s   [#permalink] 21 Sep 2016, 07:11
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